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(no) establishment clause

part of 1st amendment- says government can not favor or support 1 religion over another

double jeopardy

the prosecution of a defendant for a criminal offense for which he has already been tried

Free excercise clause

1st amendment guarantee that prohibits gov't from unduly interfering with the free excercise of religion

symbolic speech

nonverbal communication, such as burning a flag or wearing an armband. The Supreme Court has accorded some symbolic speech protection under the first amendment.


a tort consisting of false and malicious publication printed for the purpose of defaming a living person


words falsely spoken that damage the reputation of another

prior restraint

government censorship of information before it is published or broadcast

proable cause

facts a circumstaces witch support a reasonable beleaf that a crime has been commited and the person who is to be arrested commited the crime

search warrent

a court order allowing law enforcement officers to search a suspects home or business and take specific items as evidence

exclusionary rule

improperly gathered evidence may not be introduced in a criminal trial

civil liberties

freedoms to think and act without government interference or fear of unfair legal treatment

civil rights

the rights of full citizenship and equality under the law

equal protection clause

14th amendment clause that prohibits states from denying equal protection under the law, and has been used to combat discrimination

civil rights act 1964

This act made racial, religious, and sex discrimination by employers illegal and gave the government the power to enforce all laws governing civil rights, including desegregation of schools and public places.


Americans with Disabilities Act
~ prohibited descrimanation of people with disabilities
~ required public buildings and transportation facilities to be handicap accesseble
~led to better run psych wards

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