Unit 6

(no) establishment clause
part of 1st amendment- says government can not favor or support 1 religion over another
double jeopardy
the prosecution of a defendant for a criminal offense for which he has already been tried
Free excercise clause
1st amendment guarantee that prohibits gov't from unduly interfering with the free excercise of religion
symbolic speech
nonverbal communication, such as burning a flag or wearing an armband. The Supreme Court has accorded some symbolic speech protection under the first amendment.
a tort consisting of false and malicious publication printed for the purpose of defaming a living person
words falsely spoken that damage the reputation of another
prior restraint
government censorship of information before it is published or broadcast
proable cause
facts a circumstaces witch support a reasonable beleaf that a crime has been commited and the person who is to be arrested commited the crime
search warrent
a court order allowing law enforcement officers to search a suspects home or business and take specific items as evidence
exclusionary rule
improperly gathered evidence may not be introduced in a criminal trial
civil liberties
freedoms to think and act without government interference or fear of unfair legal treatment
civil rights
the rights of full citizenship and equality under the law
equal protection clause
14th amendment clause that prohibits states from denying equal protection under the law, and has been used to combat discrimination
civil rights act 1964
This act made racial, religious, and sex discrimination by employers illegal and gave the government the power to enforce all laws governing civil rights, including desegregation of schools and public places.
Americans with Disabilities Act
~ prohibited descrimanation of people with disabilities
~ required public buildings and transportation facilities to be handicap accesseble
~led to better run psych wards