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CLS 103 FINAL
Terms in this set (163)
Inflammation of the sinus cavities
Inflammation of the tonsils
Condition causing vertigo, hearing loss, and nausea
Incision into the tympanic membrane
Inflammation of the throat
Swabbing of the throat to obtain microorganisms from the throat for culturing
Impacted ear wax
Hardening of the Ossicles of the ear
Inflammation or infection of the external ear.
Commonly known as a nosebleed
Washing or cleansing to remove foreign objects in the ear.
Inflammation of the middle ear
Inflammation of the mucus membrane of the nasal passages.
Instilling medication or treatment into eyes or ears.
A ringing noise heard in one or both ears
Small tissue growths that obstruct nasal breathing.
Inflammation of the larynx ( voice box )
Yellow/brown wax-like secretion of the external ear.
Instrument used for examination of the ear canal and TM.
Ear Nose and Throat
When dealing with a patient it is important that you ___________ to the patient?
If a axillary temp is reading ______ then this is equivalent to 102 degrees orally.
Face the patient and maintain eye contact
It is important to _______ when talking to a patient.
What can be measured by oral, rectal, axillary, or tympanic method, but oral is the most common of all.
The difference between the systolic and diastolic reading is known as what?
If a rectal temperature is 101 degrees then this is equal to ______ orally.
What is the normal pulse rate for an infant?
What are considered objective information that can be observed or perceived by someone other than the patient such as bleeding, coughing, or a rash?
Space between the systolic and diastolic
If the pulse pressure, or _________ is larger than 50 mm Hg or less than 30 mm Hg, it is important to recheck the blood pressure to verify accuracy.
30 to 50 mm Hg
What is the average normal range for pulse pressure?
jargon or technical medical terminology.
When interviewing with the patient and have a conversation it is important to avoid _____________ and focus on using layman's terms.
What does PH stand for? This section addresses the Patients prior health status such as surgeries, medications, hospitalizations, allergies, immunizations.
Language, Hearing, Cognitive
What are some barriers to communication when dealing with different patients.
Health Information Portability Accountability Act
What is HIPAA.
This type of temperature is usually 1 degree lower due to lower vascularity and difficulty of keeping closed.
What is the normal respiration for an infant?
What covers the patients lifestyle, such as martial status, occupation, alcohol/tobacco use, sexual history, and hobbies? Also known as the abbreviation of SH.
What is abbreviated as FH, this section contains the health status of any certain diseases or disorders that have hereditary tendencies of the patients parents, siblings, and grandparents?
During _________ the patient breaths out, resulting in the chest cavity and the diaphragm to relax.
_________ is when the patient breaths in contracting the diaphragm, lifting and expanding the rib cage.
99.6 degrees F or 37.6 degrees Celsius
What is the normal temperature for rectal?
What is also known as a blood pressure cuff it is used to measure blood pressure.
Having a patients ______________ helps the physician care for any present illness
42 mm Hg
If the patients blood pressure is 126/84, what is the pulse pressure?
What is known as the exchange of gases between the atmosphere and the blood in the body?
Review of systems
What is known as the abbreviation as ROS, this is a thorough review of prior information about disease related to each body system done by the physician in the medical office?
A normal pulse rate for an adult is what?
What is the contraction phase of the cardiac cycle?
What is the relaxation phase of the cardiac cycle?
What is the normal respiration range for an adult?
What is the normal pulse rate for a 16 year old to midlife?
98.6 degrees F or 37 degrees Celsius
What is the normal temperature for oral and tympanic?
97.6 degrees F or 36.4 degrees Celsius
What is the normal temperature for axillary?
What is essentially measured by the number of heartbeats in 1 minute?
What is considered subjective information changes in the body as sensed by the patient and only the patient such as pain, dizziness, nausea, or headache?
What is recorded as systolic/diastolic, it is a measurement of the pressure of the blood in an artery as it is forced against the arterial walls?
What temperature is 1 degree higher than oral due to vascularity and tight environment?
what is the medical term for the body temperature not elevated above normal?
What is the Medical term for having an above normal body temperature?
time of day
What are some factors that are affecting temperature?
What expands the mercury in the bulb of a glass thermometer?
What is known as a sudden drop in blood pressure upon standing?
140-159 systolic 90-99 diastolic
What is the range of blood pressure for a person with hypertension stage 1?
greater than 160 systolic greater than 100 diastolic
What is the range of blood pressure for a person with hypertension stage 2?
40% - 50%
What is the percentage for cuff width of arm circumference for blood pressure?
______Used to measure oxygen saturation of arterial blood, readings should be obtained as a baseline for patients with chronic respiratory conditions and for patients with respiratory signs and symptoms, such as complaints of dyspnea or wheezing?
What are the basic instruments and supplies MA's must be familiar with?
__________ are used during the physical examination enable the examiner to see, hear, or feel areas of the body being assessed.
What is used to test neurologic reflexes at tendons?
What reflex is a dorsiflexion of the great tow and extension and fanning of the other toes upon stroking the sole of the foot? Normally exhibited by infants, abnormal in children and adults.
Tuning fork and audioscope
What instruments is used for hearing test. (There are two)
____________ views inside of nose, membranes, septum.
What is the instrument that enlarges and separates the opening of a cavity to expose its interior for examination?
The __________ permits visualization of the ear canal and tympanic membrane.
____________ is thin, semitransparent membrane in the middle ear that transmits sound vibrations; the eardrum.
Examines interior of the eye
what is used to hear body sounds: heart, lungs, intestines?
What is a common flashlight that is used for better visualization of specific areas such as eyes, nose, throat.
Papanicolaou (PAP) test or spear
______________ is a smear of tissue cells examined for abnormalities including cancer, especially of the cervix.
George N Papanicolaou
Who did the PAP get its name from?
What is a water soluble gel used to reduce friction and provide easy insertion of an instrument in the physical examination?
_________ Is a short stainless steel or plastic speculum that is inserted into the rectum to inspect the anal canal.
__________ is a type of speculum that is used to visualize the rectum and the anus.
____________ is a long instrument used to visualize the rectum and the sigmoid colon.
Known as a visual examination
Is a technique in which the examiner feels the texture, size, consistency, and location of parts of the body with the hands.
Is striking with the hands to evaluate the size, borders, consistency, and presence of fluid or air.
Is an act of listening for sounds within the body, usually done with a stethoscope.
What is equality in size or shape or position of parts on opposite side of the body?
What is lack or absence of symmetry: inequality of size or shape on opposite sides of the body?
Range of motion
(ROM) stands for what and is a range in degrees of angles through which a joint can be extended and flexed.
What is used to view the inner surfaces of the eye?
Used to test patients with hearing loss.
Signs and symptoms of shock are ____.
Low blood pressure, restlessness or signs of fear, thirst and nausea, cool, clammy skin, pale skin with cyanosis at lips and earlobes, and rapid / weak pulse.
An Automatic External Defibrillator (AED) is used to correct or treat ____.
an abnormal heart rhythm.
The 1st part of the Primary Assessment is ____.
Responsiveness; noting whether the patient is conscious or unconscious.
Hypovolemic Shock is caused by _____.
loss of blood or other body fluids.
Cardiogenic Shock is a type of shock which affects ____.
the left ventricle fails to pump enough blood for the body to function.
Neurogenic Shock is results form ___.
dysfunction of the nervous system following spinal cord injury.
Anaphylactic Shock is a ____.
severe allergic reaction within minutes to hours after exposure to a foreign substance.
Septic Shock results from ____.
general infection in the bloodstream.
A Seizure is an ____.
abnormal discharge of electrical activity in the brain,
resulting in involuntary contractions of voluntary muscles.
Shock is due to a _____.
lack of oxygen to individual cells of the body, including the brain, as a result of a decrease in blood pressure.
A Superficial Burn is ____.
limited to the epidermis.
A Partial-thickness burn is a burn that involves ____.
epidermis and varying levels of the dermis.
A Full-thickness burn is a burn that destroyes _____ skin layers.
A Contusion is a ____.
collection of blood in tissues after an injury; a bruise.
A Hematoma is a ____.
blood clot that forms at an injury.
_____ is a characteristic black mark that results from blood as it accumulates under the skin.
A splint is used to ____.
immobilize a sprain, strain, fracture, or
Ischemia is a ____.
Decrease in oxygen to tissues.
Early symptoms of a Myocardial infarction also known as a heart attack includes ____.
Chest pain NOT relieved by rest, complaint of pressure in the chest or upper back, nausea / indigestion, chest pain that radiates up into the neck and jaw or down one arm and Anxiety.
A Neurologic Emergency includes ____.
Adults: Epilepsy, Head injury & Drug toxicity.
Children: All of the above & elevated body temperature.
Symptoms of Heat stroke are ____.
when the skin is hot, flushed, & dry.
The do's & don'ts to managing Frostbite of fingers, toes, ears, nose include ____.
-Immerse frozen tissue in lukewarm water (41°C,105°F) until area becomes pliable and color and sensation return.
-Do not apply dry heat, do not massage — may cause further tissue damage & avoid breaking any blisters that may form.
____ is an abnormal sound or murmur caused by an abnormal blockage of the blood vessel, heard during auscultation.
What are the ABC's of a medical emergency?
-Airway — check and clear by head tilt-chin lift; if spine injury, use jaw thrust method.
-Breathing — chest rising and falling, sounds.
If no breathing, start artificial respiration immediately.
-Circulation: Check carotid pulse.
-Brachial pulse in infants.
Closed injury is a soft tissue injuries that involve damages to the skin and/or underlying musculature. Examples of a closed injury are ____.
Open injury is when the skin is broken and the patient is susceptible to external hemorrhage & wound contamination. Examples of an open injury are ____.
Allergic and Anaphylactic reactions can be life threatening. This can result in ____; which is a severe form of allergy.
A type of Hyperthermia that causes an altered mental status due to heavy exertion and sweating in hot environment with inadequate fluids is heat exhaustion. The symptoms include _____.
-dizziness &/or syncope.
Late stages — pale skin, low blood pressure, rapid respiration.
A Heat burn also known as a thermal Burn is caused by ____.
An Electrical Burn is caused by ____.
Electrocution or lightening.
A Chemical Burn is caused by ____.
A Radiation Burn is caused by ____.
Sunburn or radioactivity.
The most serious type of hyperthermia is a ____.
____ is critical when a person is experiencing a heat stroke.
Menorrhagia is the medical term for ____.
Metrorrhagia is the medical term for ____.
irregular uterine bleeding
Polymenorrhea is is the medical term for ____.
abnormally frequent menstrual periods
Dysmenorrhea is is the medical term for ____.
A laparoscopy, is the process of viewing the ____.
internal abdominal cavity and its contents through a specialized endoscope.
Endometriosis is diagnosed by laparoscopy and can result in ____.
Dysmenorrhea, Infertility, Pelvic pain, Dyspareunia
Dyspareunia is the medical term for ____.
painful coitus or sexual intercourse
The medical term Salpingo
oophorectomy, means the surgical removal of the ____. - fallopian tubes & ovaries
A cystocele is the herniation of the ____.
urinary bladder into the vagina
A rectocele is the herniation of the ____.
rectum into the vaginal area
Colporrhaphy is the medical term for ____.
suturing of the vagina
Colpocleisis is the medical term meaning ____.
surgery to occlude the vagina
Hysteropexy means to ____.
stitch the uterus back in place
Amenorrhea is a condition of ____.
not menstruating or without menses
A Papanicolaou (Pap) smear should be done within 3 years of first intercourse or by age 21 years; It is performed annually from then on. This exam is used to diagnose ____.
Normal pupil reaction also known as PERRLA this abbreviation means ____.
Pupils are Equal, Round,& Reactive to Light & Accommodation
Cerumen is also known as ____.
Infertility is cause by ____.
Uterine or Cervical abnormalities, Tubal scarring or occlusion, Psychological factors or Hormone imbalance
____ is also known as Genital Warts on the vulva, vagina, cervix, perineum are caused by the human papillomavirus. This disease increases the patients risk for Cervical Cancer.
Herpes Genitalis is caused by the herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV2) and is characterized by ____. There is no cure for this viral infection but it is normally treated with Acyclovir for the periodic occurrences.
Painful vesicular lesions in the vaginal, vulvar, or anorectal area.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases can be ____.
Deadly, Viral, Bacterial & May cause infertility
Statistics show that infants born with syphilis usually are ____. In many instances, the fetuses are aborted.
Mentally retarded, blind, deaf, or deformed.
AIDS is caused by an infection with HIV. It lowers the body's ability to ____.There is no cure.Treatments extend life by reducing viral load and combating opportunistic infection.
fight off infection
The most common STD in United States is ____. Symptoms can be nonexistent, vague, or severe. Treat with antibiotic until patient tests negative.
Gonorrhea can be asymptomatic or have pus in the Bartholin or Skene glands. In infants born to infected mothers, it can cause ____. This type of STD is treated with antibiotics.
conjunctivitis and blindness
Gonorrhea can cause ____.
scarring of the fallopian tubes and PID (pelvic inflammatory disease)
An abortion is the ____.
termination of the pregnancy or products of conception prior to fetal viability and/or 20 weeks of gestation.
____ is scraping of a body cavity, such as the uterus.
Peripheral vision is your ____.
side vision while looking straight ahead
The nasal septum is a ____.
wall or partition dividing the nostrils.
Occult blood is ____.
blood that is hidden or concealed from observation.
A rectovaginal exam is done to ____.
Palpate the posterior uterus and vaginal wall (index finger in vagina, middle finger in rectum) to check for lesions, hemorrhoids, sphincter tone, stool specimen.
A Bimanual exam is done to ____.
palpate internal reproductive organs using two fingers of dominant hand in vagina, nondominant hand on abdomen.
A patients 1st colonoscopy is recommended by age ____.
50 years and every 3-5 years after.
A rectal exam and fecal occult blood testing begin at age ____.
40 years & annually there after.
A baseline ECG is recommended at age ____.
40 years & annually there after.
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