Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
AESC 2050 test 2
old tests + notes + videos
Terms in this set (170)
did Pearson say he was a 1st generation farmer (his parents don't farm) OR is he a multi-generational farmer (his is the latest in a long line of farmers)?
pearson is a multi-generational farmer
Pearson said that peaches and pecans are good complementary crops in GA because:
they have an offset harvest, peaches in the spring/summer and pecans in the late fall
Pearson said peaches are harvested:
using all manual labor
Pearson said pecans are harvested:
using automated equipment
Pearson said the biggest weather concern for growing peaches is:
Pearson said the biggest weather concern for growing pecans is:
Pearson said the "game changer" in growing pecans over the last 10 years is:
demand from China
Pearson said that growing peaches organically:
is not possible in GA's climate and many pests
Pearson said the biggest challenge today in managing a business in seasonal specialty crops, like peaches, is:
labor, finding a source of seasonal workers
Pearson said most of his seasonal labor today working in his peach growing fields comes from:
a federal program with the U.S. department of labor (H2A)
urban agriculture can involve
ALL OF THE ABOVE
- animal husbandry
an example of low-tech urban agriculture is
the "rule breaker" in low-tech urban agriculture is "footprint" which means productive agriculture:
doesn't have to be BIG (it can happen in relatively small spaces)
an example of medium-tech urban agriculture is:
the "rule breaker" in medium-tech urban agriculture is "nutrient delivvery" which means productive agriculture:
growing crops effectively doesn't always require soil
an example high-tech urban agriculture is
vertical high-rise farming
the tri-state water wars involves GA and which other 2 states?
alabama and florida
aquaponics take the traditional hydroponics model and adds
one of the major advantages of startig a backyeard flock of laying hens is the money you will save in not buying eggs from the grocery store. t/f?
what is pathos, logos, and ethos?
in advertising, using the argument that a person should believe or do something because "everyone" is doing it is known as
in advertising, using a non-existent inexpensive product to lure a person into buying a more expensive product is called:
bait and switch
what is unique about the diet of the Inuit people of greenland?
it's dominated by meat
in the U.S. today, it takes approx. ? acres to feed one person
approx. what percentage of the land in the continental U.S. is devoted to farmland?
globally from 1998-2011, farmland acreage increased in
africa and south america
we watched a video at the start of the "food fads" lecture about an isolated group of people in Afghanistan who live a ? lifestyle
pastoral (based on domesticated animals)
food "fads" rely on which persuasive advertising technique?
In the early 1900s, Dr. ____________ touted the evils of a meat (i.e., protein/fat) based diet being
consumed by most Americans and wanted to replace it with a carbohydrate-based diet
in the early 2000s, Dr. _________ touted the evils of a carbohydrate-based diet being consumed by most Americans and wanted to replace it with a protein/fat based diet
food fad from 1920s
food fad from 1930s
food fad from 1940s
SPAM and canned soup
food fad from 1950s
food fad from 1960s
fondue and tang (fruit flavored drink)
a movie, television or radio program that provides a factual record or report is known as
food inc uses negative imagery to put commercial agriculture in a "bad light" t/f?
food inc advocates that ? colludes to purposely keep information about food from consumers
big Agriculture and Food Companies
food inc blames ? with creating the negative impacts of the fast food culture in the united states:
We are more removed today from the production of our food than ever before. t/f?
food inc touts that the meat aisle in modern grocery stores contains NO ?
"Food, Inc." features Polyface Farms, whose owner condemns modern agriculture, but still uses:
ALL OF THE ABOVE
- mechanical hay baler
- fossil fuels
food inc devotes a major section of the film monsanto and their domination over the use of seed from:
the CDC estimates that 1 in ? americans will get sick each year due to foodborne illness
Which fast food restaurant chain had a large Escherichia coli O157:H7 outbreak in 1993 that propelled food safety to the forefront of the public agenda?
What is the #1 pathogen in the U.S. that causes illnesses and hospitalizations?
what changes in the U.S. culture has/have led to increases in food-related illnesses contracted in the home?
ALL OF THE ABOVE
- loss of cooking skills
- loss of cleaning skills
- increased number of pets
- storage problems with large portion sizes
which of the following has the largest risk of being exposed to foodborne illness?
eating food cooked at home
the ? is a public health agency (part of the USDA) responsible for ensuring the nation's commercial supply of meat, poultry, and eggs is safe, wholesome, correctly labeled and packaged
Food Safety and Inspection Service
the ? is charged with protecting consumers against impure, unsafe and fraudulently labeled products. it regulates foods OTHER THAN meat, poultry, and eggs
Food and Drug Administration
the world health organization (WHO) identifies which group that accounts for almost 1/3 of the world's deaths due to foodborne illness
children under the age of 5
urban agriculture isn't necessarily a "new" idea, one example given in lecture of urabn agriculture in the past was:
WWII victory gardens
the "rule breaker" in high-tech urban agriculture is "location" which means that:
large-scale agriculture doesn't require large amounts of open land; ISN'T LIMITED TO RURAL AREAS
one reason NOT to start a backyard flock of chickens is:
to save money
white oak pastures in south GA raises free-range chickens for processing and sale, but they are having a problem with:
in the lecture changing view of animals, a graph was shown on the use of animals in U.S. research from 1973 to 2014. over that period of time, the use of animals in research has:
decreased significantly (by 500,000 - 1,000,000 animals per year)
judeo-christians have the religious view of animals that:
man has been given domain over the animals
hinduism and buddhism share the religious view of animals that:
human ancestors return as animals, so animals must be treated with equal respect
islam have the religious view of animals that:
man has power over animals and people are responsible for their behavior over animals, and they should only be killed out of necessity
only about 1/3 (33%) of U.S. households contain a pet or pets. t/f?
false (correct answer: 2/3)
in the video "how pig parts make the world turn" christien meindersma says the strangest product she found including pig was ? and the most beautiful was ?
ammunition / a heart valve
in 2008, the state of ? put proposition 2 on the state's voting ballot, which established minimum housing area requirements for selected farm animals
the average % of annual income spent on food in the U.S. is:
less than 10
the most devastating item brought by europeans to the new world was/were...
globally over the last decade, farmland acreage has decreased in
BOTH A AND C
canada and australia; U.S. and russia
in recent years how many U.S. states lost agricultual land?
50 (all of them)
the majority of farmland lost in the U.S. in the last 50 years is in which region of the U.S.?
east coast (maine through florida)
what portion of every dollar spent at the grocery store for key food items like milk, eggs and meat goes to the farmer?
the U.S. energy policy acts of 2005 and 2007 weighed in significantly in the "food vs fuel" debate by:
requiring the use of specific amount of renewable fuel by specific time frames
the "food vs fuel" debate in the U.S. is focused the use of ? to make ?
corn / ethanol
in general, right-to-farm statuses allow local gov't from passing stricter laws on agriculture than the laws of the state. t/f?
many right-to-farm statuses focus on limiting ? law suits from farm neighbors
right-to-farm satuses generally favor farmers in cases where:
BOTH A B AND C
- the plaintiff (person suing) moved into an establish agricultural zone
- farmer is engaging in generally accepted agricultural practices
- the plaintiff moves in next to a farm already there
NAFTA is a trade agreement between:
U.S., mexico, and canada
taxes on imported goods and services
limits on the amounts of goods imported
amount by which the cost of a country's imports exceeds the value of its exports
openness of a country's markets to foreign goods and services
gov't order prohibiting the movement of merchant ships in and out of its ports
when other countries import meat products (e.g., spanish ham) into the U.S. they are required to meet USDA-FSIS requirements for food handling and safety. t/f?
in both tables caitlin harris showed the class in her food safety lecture concerning world food safety performance ratings, the united states was in the TOP 3. t/f?
According to the CDC (based on illnesses, hospital stays and deaths) our food in the U.S. in 1999 was _________ as in 2012
not as safe
what percent of food produced in the U.S. is never eaten?
the practice of cultivating, processing, and distributing food in or around a village, town, or city
describe low-tech urban agriculture
taking advantage of existing urban areas for conversion to traditional agriculture methods
describe medium-tech agriculture
bringing new agriculture technologies into the urban environment
describe high-tech agriculture
incorporating innovative agriculture technologies into the planning phase of urban development
what are the social, health, and economic positives with urban agriculture?
social: reduce blight, education, community interactions, transparency
health: access to fruits and veggies, physical activity
economic: jobs, home values improve, food savings
what are the social, health, and economic negatives to urban agriculture?
social: access to land (coast), conflicts, transparency
health: exposes food to polllution, waste management, traceable food
economic: expensive, less efficient, water
where does atlanta get its water?
lake lanier / chattahoochee river
How much do eggs cost at the store?
athens locally grown: $3.50-$6.95
amazon fresh (seattle): $2.79-$5.62
what do we need to start a backyard flock of chickens for egg production?
coop, enclosure, food and water
how much do all of the supplies to raise chickens successfully cost?
$585.14 (that's $48.76 per egg)
the activities associated with the governance of a country or other area, ESPECIALLY THE DEBATE OR CONFLICT among individuals or parties having or hoping to achieve power
involves the governmental control and debate over the PRODUCTION, REGULATION, INSPECTION, DISTRIBUTION AND CONSUMPTION of food
what are food politics affected by?
ETHICAL, CULTURAL, MEDICAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL disputes concerning farming, agricultural and retailing methods and regulations
food politics influences the:
COSTS of food production and prices that consumers pay for food
AVAILABILITY of different food products
SAFETY of the food supply
what is most often at the heart of food politics?
non-perishable storable commodity crops (such as corn, rice, wheat)
animal feeding operation (AFOs) with more than 1000 animal units
concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs)
any organism whose genetic material has been altered using genetic engineering techniques
genetically modified organisms (GMOs)
#1 ranked company by US food revenue
(following in order is tyson foods, nestle, JBS USA, anheuser-busch)
one of the KEYS to crop yield increases during the:
green revolution (1930s-1960s)
are considered a supplement to regulation and litigation under the environmental laws
may be stopped by a legal action usually brought by a private property owner against an adjacent property owner
prohibit local gov'ts from passing stricter laws on agriculture than the laws of the state
the bulk of trading in the NAFTA takes place between:
1. the US and mexico
2. the US and canada
what is a pro and con for US with the NAFTA?
pro: expanded variety of foods; larger market
con: loss of business (jobs); increased US trade deficit
US trade deficit with mexico in 1994:
US trade deficit with canada in 1994:
often considered legal barriers to trade; most often used as a political tool to pressure foreign countries into some actions
established to assist in price stabilization for a domestic product (less severe measure than an embargo):
what are some TRQ products?
brooms, ethyl alcohol, milk and cream, olives, mandarins, tuna, upland cotton
what is h2a? (federal program that pearson got seasonal workers)
international federal visa that lets people from other countries to come in and work on farms; they are legally only here for the couple of months they work
archaeologists believe it was this EATING HABIT of early Humans that was a key to us becoming the alpha species on planet earth?
non-selective omnivores; we would eat literally anything that didn't eat us first
this early human eating habit led to an abundant access of this MACRONUTRIENT, which was also key in our development
fat!; human brain is nearly 60% fat
why are your eyes on the front of your head?
because it produces a large binocular field of vision
why don't we eat animals like dogs and horses?
it is culturally unacceptable
what does board mean in the term "room and board"?
a plank of wood was used as a 'table' for eating; board means food- paying for a place at the eating board
why did old drugstore have soda fountains in them?
it was originated as a medicine delivery system
ancient documents about human economics (like the code of hammurabi) did not mention animal welfare/ethics... how did they speak of animals?
talked of animals as objects
"the idea that it is justifiable to give preference to beings simply on the grounds that they are members of the species homo sapiens"
this animal was an elite member of east asian, western european, and aztec people
this animal was a sign of prestige in central asian societies
this animal was buried alongside ancient Egyptians
? out of 10 pet owners consider their pets to be family members
why should you stop hugging and kissing your pet chickens?
because they carry salmonella
the cultural effects of lifestyle decisions on agriculture and food
an intense and widely shared enthusiasm for something; often short-lived; some things start as this then become mainstream
food fads rely on ? extrinsic value the most
food fad in early 1900s
fad in the 1920s (not food)
tended to "flatten" or "normalize" food culture in the US
food fad in 1970s
crockpot cooking and egg mcmuffin
food fad from 1980s
food fad 1990s
fat-free potato chips
food fad from 2000s
the atkins diet
food fad from 2010s
eating "raw"; dietary plan that allows only RAW foods to be eaten
where is keith kelly from?
who taught keith kelly everything he knows about business?
keith kelly's start:
bought a fertilizer and chemical company out of college, then moved onto pennington seed
pennington seed started as a ? in madison, ga
family owned business
kelly manufacturing worked with:
sevin dust (sevnin products in general)
what was keith kelly's angel experience?
kelly was visited by a random man at his office that told him what he needed to do to fix his sevin dust (shouldn't have been using a round bin)
keith kelly bought into a company with a man named hank parker (swhacker, c'mere deer, recon archery). these two started another company called:
tac veins began to build custom arrows... what were the arrows like?
there are "feathers" on the back of the arrows made of resin today
keith kelly purchased ? farm and began growing garden. how did this experience urge him to create farmview market?
rock house farm; he gave his employees things he grew; they raved about how good it was and how he needed to share it with the world
what is farmview market's mission?
to bring out more local and sustainable food to a local economy
where are the two barns at farmview market from?
upstate new york
an example of a symbiotic relationship?
aquaponics- fish provide nutrients for plants and plants orbit/clean the water for fish
what is vertical farming?
a building designed for growing food in cities
vertical farming must start ?
what does NAFTA stand for?
north american free trade agreement
how do avocados relate to the NAFTA?
before the NAFTA, americans did not eat a lot of avocados because they were only accessible from california and mexico, plus they were seasonal --> NAFTA made them year round
how many products are made from pig parts?
great and evil nutrient was ?
what caused a division between the kellogg brothers?
sugar; john's brother will wanted to sweeten their corn flake cereal but john did not so they seperated --> will went on to create his own company
john kellogg blamed every wrong thing in the world on ?
what does SPAM contain? (6 ingredients)
pork, water, sugar, potato starch, sodium nitrate, salt (LOTS OF SALT)
homo erectus (gorilla thing) is "basically" a ?
human with "basically" human brain
how did cooking help us to evolve?
cooking forced us to socialize; we basically evolved as humans because of cooking and eating
john pemberton invented what?
what was coca cola's original components and why was it changed?
wine, cocaine, kola nut; had to be changed because of temperance (didn't allow alcohol); was changed to just cocaine and the kola nut
ketchup started where as a what?
indonesia / fish sauce
who is the father of frozen foods?
bird's eye (i think lol)
who created potato chips and why?
george crum; an irritable customer complained that george's potatos were too mushy so george cooked them too much and accidentally invented the potato chip
chocolate started out as?
a rich person's BEVERAGE; some people were addicted and it raised their sex drive
describe Milton Hershey's story
milton was an apprentice to a candy maker, then became interested in chocolate and created hershey bar/kiss
what did milton hershey create?
milton built a namesake town- hershey, pennsylvania; also created a school for orphan boys --> still a thing today but for boys and girls
Other sets by this creator
AESC Final Exam
AESC Final Exam
AESC EXAM 2
Other Quizlet sets
Comparing Hinduism and Buddhism
ECON01: CH21, Production and Costs
General Anatomy: Appendicular Arthrology Quiz