66 terms

Career Self-Assessment

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Self-assessment
is the process of analyzing yourself. Self-assessment can help you determine what career you want. Since everyone is different, not everyone is well suited for the same type of job.

It is important to consider the characteristics and traits that make you unique, since these may help you determine which career fields you would prefer.
Some of the unique characteristics and traits to consider include:
Abilities, skills, and talents

Hobbies

Interests

Values and lifestyle

Background

Experience
abilities
the things you are able to do. Some abilities are skills developed through learning and experience, and others are natural talents you were born with.
skills
developed through learning and experience
talents
born with
hobbies
things you like to do for fun, such as cooking, reading, or painting.

Some people will share your hobbies, but others might not find those things interesting at all. The skills you learn from your hobbies can give you an advantage in careers in those fields.

You might also get to know other people who share your hobby, and this could help you build a career in that field.
What are abilities?
things you are able to do
What are hobbies?
things you like to do for fun
interests
the subjects you are interested in and would like to learn more about.

These might be academic subjects, such as music, science, history, or math. Or they might be other areas of interest, such as animals, computers, or fashion.

The areas that you are naturally interested in can help you figure out what types of careers you would enjoy.
values
the personal qualities you strive for and try to live up to.
lifestyle
a way of living that shows the beliefs and values of a person or group of people.

For example, you might live a health conscious lifestyle, an environmentally conscious lifestyle, an active lifestyle, or a busy, work-driven lifestyle.

Consider the lifestyle you have now and the lifestyle you want to have in the future. They may be similar, or they may not.
What are interests?
subjects you would like to learn more about
What is a lifestyle?
way of living that shows the beliefs and values of a person or group of people
background
includes your culture, religion, race, ethnicity, and the values your parents used and choices they made as they raised you.

Many people who live in the US came from other parts of the world, or have parents, grandparents, or other ancestors who did.

Your family may have raised you with religious beliefs, political opinions, or other values that are important to you.

Your background may affect your values, lifestyle, experience, and other characteristics.
experience
the collection of things you have done.

It includes the places you have visited, skills you have developed, jobs you have had, and interactions you have had with people.

It is helpful to have experience in the field you want to build a career in. This can help you make sure that you really want a career in this field - and it can help you get a job
Which of the following are parts of your background?
-culture
-religion
What is experience?
things you have done in your life
goal
something specific that you want to achieve in the future. For example, going to college, starting a business, and publishing a book are goals.
personal goal
your own individual goals that you want to accomplish. They may be things you can accomplish alone, or they may require the help of other people
career goal
a job-related goal. It may define what type of job you want, where you want to work, what kind of salary you want, and other aspects of your job and career.
Short-term goals
goals that you want to achieve soon, usually within the next year or two.
Long-term goals
goals that you want to achieve far in the future, often five years or more from now.
Intermediate goals
goals in between short-term and long-term goals. They can often help you move from short-term goals toward longer-term goals.
Which of the following are examples of career goals?
-getting a promotion
-finding a job
-earning a specific amount of money
Personal vision
your vision for what you want your life to be like.

Forming a personal vision will help guide the decisions you make in the future, including career decisions.

Your personal vision can help you decide what your long-term goals are and what careers can help you reach those goals.
The following questions can help you start thinking about your personal vision and goals.
What activities do you most enjoy? These are activities you like and want to include in your future life. You might list things like travel, biking, hiking, reading, writing, teaching, and so on.

What activities do you least enjoy? These are activities you dislike and want to limit or stop doing, if you could. Consider when and how you might be able to avoid these activities. Also consider whether there might be a way for you to enjoy some of them.

What things have you never done before but want to try? Make a list of things you want to do or experience in the future.

What qualities would your job need to provide in order to make you feel satisfied? These can be activities you engage in, such as writing or talking to people, or they can be rewarding aspects of the job, such as helping others or improving the community or the environment.

What things are you especially good at? These are your strengths. Consider what other people have said you are good at, and what you think you are good at.

What are your weaknesses? Consider whether you want to improve on any of those weaknesses and how you might do that.

What values are most important to you? These are the values that you want to live up to. They will guide your behavior, attitude, and interactions with others. For example, your values might include things like honesty, kindness, generosity, patience, and so on.

What issues or causes do you care most about? These issues may affect the world, such as global environmental issues, or be specific to a smaller group, such as people in need in a town.

Which people in your life are most important to you? Consider which people you want to maintain relationships with and spend time with.
What does a personal vision describe?
ideas about what you want your life to be like in the future
personal vision statement
a written statement of a personal vision. Personal vision statements are usually between 30 and 100 words long.

Writing down a personal vision statement is helpful so you can monitor it and change it later.
The following are some questions that are often answered in a personal vision statement:
How many years from now does the vision take place? How old will you be?

Where will you live? What city, town, or area will you be in? What will your home be like?

Will you be in school? If so, where will you be going to school? What will you be studying?

Will you be working? If so, where will you be working? How will this job help your career?

What will you do in your free time?

Who will you spend time with?

What personal goals will you have accomplished?

What school or work-related goals will you have accomplished?
Select questions that are commonly answered in a personal vision statement.
-How old will you be?
-What work-related goals will you have accomplished?
-What will you do in your free time?
-Where will you live?
-Who will you spend time with?
Careers in health science and health care can be categorized as either of the following:
-Clinical - careers that involve working with and handling patients

-Nonclinical - careers that involve performing administrative or clerical tasks
There are a variety of career fields in health science, including:
Diagnostics - identify the specifics of a patient's disease

Therapeutic - work directly with patients to improve their health over a period of time

Health informatics - manage patient information and use information technology

Support services - ensure that health services, facilities, and equipment run smoothly

Biotechnology - develop and research technology to improve health care
The work environments and tasks performed in health science careers differ widely depending on the career and healthcare facility. Here are some examples:
Caring for elderly people in an assisted living facility

Conducting research or experiments in a laboratory

Working independently on a computer in an office or at home to document patient information

Operating complex equipment in a medical clinic to scan patients for illness and injury

Performing surgery in a hospital

Conducting routine medical examinations of patients in a private doctor's office

Answering patient phone calls and scheduling appointments

Training new nurses in a medical center
Which of the following are clinical careers?
-nurse who cares for patients in an assisted living facility
-doctor who diagnoses patients in a medical clinic
There are many ways in which you can learn more about health science careers, such as:
Education

Volunteering

Job shadowing

Internships

Networking

Books and websites
Academic education
a useful way to learn more about a career field and determine if you are interested in it.
volunteering
donating time to a cause or charitable organization without getting paid. People often volunteer with nonprofit (charitable) organizations in order to help causes they care about, such as improving the community or environment.

Many hospitals and other medical facilities are nonprofit organizations that accept volunteers.

Volunteering can help you gain experience and skills that you can use in the workplace. It may also enable you to meet people who can help you in your career, such as by offering you a job or recommending you for one.
job shadowing
donating time to a cause or charitable organization without getting paid. People often volunteer with nonprofit (charitable) organizations in order to help causes they care about, such as improving the community or environment.

Many hospitals and other medical facilities are nonprofit organizations that accept volunteers.

Volunteering can help you gain experience and skills that you can use in the workplace. It may also enable you to meet people who can help you in your career, such as by offering you a job or recommending you for one.
Which of the following is an example of volunteering?
working at a nonprofit hospital without getting paid
Which of the following is an example of job shadowing?
observing another person at his or her job
internship
a temporary job that helps you gain workplace skills and see what a career is like.
Some internships are paid, and others are unpaid. Some internships may count toward school credit.

An internship can help you decide if a specific type of job or career field is a good fit for you.

Internships also allow you to meet people who can help you in your career. Sometimes, an intern may be offered a full-time job at the end of the internship. Internships can help you learn about job opportunities and get recommendations.
intern
a temporary job that helps you gain workplace skills and see what a career is like.
networking
developing and maintaining relationships with people.

You can talk to your friends, family, acquaintances, and work colleagues to get information about what health science careers are like.

These people may be able to advise you on ways to get started in a health science career that interests you.
There are many books and websites with helpful information about health science careers. Here are some examples:
The National Institute of Health website provides a descriptive list of the main careers and educational requirements in health care, and interviews with professionals.
http://science.education.nih.gov/lifeworks

The US Department of Health and Human Services website provides details about various health science careers, links for places where you can work, and information on how to apply for health science jobs. http://www.hhs.gov/careers/index.html

The US Bureau of Labor Statistics website provides information about health science careers, such as job descriptions, educational requirements, average salaries for specific jobs, and other useful trends. http://www.bls.gov/home.htm
Which of the following is an example of an internship?
temporary job that provides school credit
Which of the following is an example of networking?
talking to a healthcare professional you know about careers in the healthcare field
What are some of the unique characteristics you should consider when performing a self-assessment?
-hobbies
-interests
-values
If you were to think back to the places you visited or the jobs you have held as part of your self-assessment, you would be recalling your ________.
experiences
What is the difference between your skills and your talents?
`
Skills are created through experiences, and talents are what you are born with.
What is the difference between your hobbies and your interests?
Hobbies are the things you like to do for fun, and interests are things you want to learn more about.
Jane wants to take a class on the history of music so she can learn more about it.
interest
Ryan is naturally good at being organized and doing math.
talent
Julian likes to read for fun.
hobby
Samantha enjoys staying active; physical activity is one of her values.
lifestyle
Jackie's parents raised her to have very specific career goals.
background
Monique learned how to cook really well.
skill
Dwayne is an 18-year old boy who just graduated from high school. He is starting to think about his future, and where he sees himself years from now. His goal is to be a dentist by the time he turns 30.
Dwayne's goal is an example of _______________.
long-term goals
What is a good way to figure out what you want your future to look like?
write a personal statement
What can you do with a personal vision statement after you write it?
-Use it to monitor and track your progress.
-Make changes to it along the way.
-Use it to help you select a career.
What are some of the ways you can learn more about health science careers?
getting an education
volunteering
researching books and websites
job shadowing
doing internships
networking
Stephanie is working at a hospital, but instead of getting paid, she is receiving school credit.
internship
Fernando is meeting with a group of professionals in the health science field, including some of his old professors from college.
networking
Sophie is following a nurse around in a nursing home, to see whether she likes the nursing home's environment.
job shadowing
Howard is looking for the opportunity to work someplace without pay because he wants to help out and gain experience.
volunteering
What are the two main categories of health science careers?
-clinical
-nonclinical
What government websites would you consider the most reliable resources for obtaining healthcare career information?
Department of Health and Human Services
US Bureau of Labor Statistics