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103 terms

Intro to music- Test 1

<p>Ccri markward summer </p>
STUDY
PLAY
Which was not a baroque keyboard instrument
Piano
Affections in baroque usage refers to
Emotional states or moods of music
In the baroque period, the ordinary citizen's opportunities for hearing music usually came from the
Church
Soprano and alto
Were genereally sung by boys in the baroque period
In Italy, music schools (such as vivaldi's) were often connected with
Orphanages
The structure of the concerto most offer consists of how many movements
2
A ritornello form
Tutti and solo sections alternate
In a concerto, the second movement is most often
The quietest and most lyrical
A polyphonic composition based on one main theme that occurs in a very structured series of entrances is known as
Fugue
In many fugues, the subject in one voice is accompanied by an _________ in another voice
Countersubject
The instrumentation in a baroque orchestra typically included
Strings, oboe, bassoons, and harpsichord
The school at which Vivaldi taught, the pieta, was a school for
Orphan girls that were music students
Vivaldi is best known for his
Concertos
Most of vivaldi's concertos feature three movements in the following order of tempo
Fast, slow, fast
Vivaldi was a
Violinist, composer, and teacher
Bach's contributions include
Instrumental music and sacred vocal music
The well-tempered clavier is
A collection of 48 preludes and fugues: two in each major and minor key
The chorale was a
Multi-movement sacred work for chorus, vocal soloist, and orchestra
Why did Bach write so many cantatas
The cantata texts referred to bible readings for specific Sundays and holidays
The cantata typically lasted about
25 mins
The oratorio differs from opera in that it has no
Acting, scenery, costumes
The topic of an oratorio is usually
Biblical stories
Oratorios are typically performed in
Churches
Oratorios first appeared in seventeenth-century Italian prayer hall known as
Oratorios
The most popular oratorio today is
Handels messiah
Handels messiah is an example of
An oratorio
Handel lived in
Italy, Germany, and England
Handels oratorios are usually based on
The bible
Gregorian chant texture
Monophonic
The first steps toward the development of polyphony were taken sometime between 700 and 900, when
Monks in monastery choirs began to add a second melodic line to gregorian chant
The center of polyphonic music in Europe after 1150 was
Paris
Gregorian chant
All of the above
The French secular songs of the middle ages usually dealt with
All of the above
Which is not an instrument of the middle ages
Ronglue
Medieval music that consists of gregorian chant and one or note additional melodic lines is called
Organum
The dark ages were
Times when barbarian tribes overran much of Europe
The preservers of culture during the dark ages were
Monasteries and convents
Music when many notes are used for one syllable is
Melismatic
A monet is
A polyphonic vocal composition
Rhythm in the music of the middle ages is often
A repeated pattern like long-short
The texture of renaissance music is chiefly
Polyphonic
Much of the instrument music composed during the renaissance was intended for
Dancing
The dominant intellectual movement of the renaissance was called
Humanism
The term "a Capella" refers to
Unaccompanied choral music
Palestrina's career centered in
Rome
The renaissance madrigal became popular in
Italy and England
Renaissance madrigals were usually sung by
Amateur musicians in homes
The mass setting has five main parts called
The ordinary
Word painting refers to
Music reflects the text, such as ascending lines on "climbing"
Palestrina's music included
A and B
a series of single tones which add up to a recognizable whole
Melody
a resting place at the end of a phrase
cadence
the emotional focal point of a melody
climax
the repetition of a melodic pattern at a higher or lower pitch
sequence
playing or singing a melody in a smooth, connected style
legato
a melody that serves as the starting point for a more extended piece of music
theme
A short, detached style of playing a melody
staccato
A combination of three or more tones sounded at the same time
chord
the ways chords are constructed and how they follow each other
harmony
5th step in a triad
dominant chord
dissonant chord moving to a consonant chord
resolution
adds support, depth, and richness to a melody
harmony
the individual tones of a chord are sounded one after another instead of simultaneously
arpeggio
the ending chord of a composition
tonic chord
a series of chords
progression
degrees of loudness and softness in music
dynamics
the relative highness or lowness of a sound
pitch
the distance between the lowest and highest tones a voice or instrument can produce
pitch range
soft, very soft, loud, very loud, moderate
piano, pianissimo, forte, fortissimo, mezzo
the distance in pitch between any two tones
interval
the frequency of vibrations is measured in
cycles per second
a gradual increase in loudness
crescendo
a tone that is eight diatonic degrees above or below another given tone
octave
a sound that has a definite pitch
tone
an are based on the organization of sound in time
music
is an example of strict imitation
a round
melody with a harmony
homophonic texture
single melodic line without accompaniment
monophonic texture
performance of a single melodic line by more than one instrument or voice is described as playing or singing in
unison
the technique of combinging serveral melodic lines into a meaningful whole
counterpoint
retaining some features of a musical idea while changing others
variation
the organization of musical ideas in time
form
the form consisting of a musical statement followed by a counterstatement
binary
the regular, recurrent pulsation in music is
beat
the way rhythm is ordered flow of music
time
slowest tempo
andante
when the accent falls on a normally weak beat or part of the beat
syncopation
meters with an odd number of beats in the measure like quintuple or septuple meter are most commonly in
20th century music
when individual notes are stressed by being played louder or longer than surrounding notes they are said to have
an accent
the organization of beats into regular groups
meter
a central tone, scale, and chord (aka tonality)
key
thesmallest interval between successive tones of a scale
half step
a shift from one key to another within thesame composition
modulation
the central tone around which a musical composition is organized
tonic
all of the above
texture
a technique where a melodic idea is presented by one voice or instrument and then restated immediately by another voice or instrument
imitation
two or more melodies of equal interest are performed simultaneously
polyphonic
baroque texture is typically
monophonic
a piece where a soloist is pitter against a larger group of players
concerto
percussion
tambourine, cymbals, timpani, bass drum, snare drum, celeste, xylophone
strings
violin, viola, cello, string bass
woodwinds
flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon
brass
trumpet, french horn, trombone, tuba