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The uninhibited, _____-stimulated activity of dreaming has been compared to a psychotic mental state.
Last night I dreamed I saw an alien spacecraft gleaming in a field of flowers in the fog. It was a vivid, colorful dream. I was in _____ sleep.
How many stages of the sleep cycle are there?
Which theory of sleep suggests that we sleep to rest our bodies and minds and rejuvenate ourselves for the next day?
The restorative theory
The difference in brain activation patterns between people who were deprived of sleep and people who slept normally show us that _____
learning is significantly impaired by sleep deprivation.
Which of the following is a group of techniques that involve focusing attention and reducing distraction to achieve a state of altered consciousness and enhance well-being?
According to research on sleep deprivation, a small amount of sleep loss ____
decreases cognitive ability.
Daydreaming, meditation, intoxication, sleep, and hypnosis are all types of _____
altered states of consciousness.
Within each 24-hour period, the regular fluctuation from high to low points of certain bodily functions and behaviors is known as _____
The bizarre, illogical events of dreams can be explained in part because the prefrontal cortex is _____ during REM dreams.
The _____ started as a neutral stimulus that, after repeated pairing with an unconditioned stimulus, became associated with it and now elicits a conditioned response.
The type of learning in which an organism learns to associate one stimulus with another is called _____
How does classical conditioning affect our eating habits?
Conditioned stimuli can be so powerful that we eat when we are not hungry.
_____ is any event or object in the environment to which an organism responds.
After Little Albert acquired a conditioned fear of rats, Watson wanted to see how he would react to a white rabbit, cotton wool, and a Santa Claus mask. He was studying whether or not _____ had occurred.
Adding something good as a consequence of a behavior is called _____ reinforcement
A key principle learned in the Little Albert experiment was that _____
fear can be conditioned
Taking away something that hurts or bothers someone is called _____ reinforcement.
What is likely to happen to rats who drink a flavored water solution and are then shocked?
They will not develop an aversion to the flavored water
_____ is any relatively permanent change in behavior brought about by experience or practice.
In terms of the memory process, keeping the information in memory refers to _____
Which of the following is not required in order for you to remember something?
According to the information-processing theorists, _____ refers to the hardware, whereas _____ refers to the software of the human memory system.
the brain structures involved in memory; learned memory strategies
According to the model of memory proposed by Atkinson and Shiffrin, the _____ is a memory system that can hold about seven items for about 30 seconds.
A framework for studying memory that uses the computer as a model of human cognitive processes defines the _____
According to the model of memory proposed by Atkinson and Shiffrin, virtually everything we see, hear, or otherwise sense is held in _____
_____ holds information brought in through our senses but only for a very brief amount of time
Consolidation occurs after _____ but before _____ in the memory process.
Bringing to mind the information when you need it is referred to as _____
In terms of the processes of memory, _____ refers to transforming the information into a form that can be stored in memory.
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Carolyn Seefer, Mary Ellen Guffey
Psychology: Principles in Practice
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