Upgrade to remove ads
Arts and Humanities
Epistemology: Rene Descartes project
8.1 and 8.2 (pink)
Terms in this set (12)
Descartes lived in a time of intellectual upheaval.
True. He did. This is part of the reason why he was interested in finding certainty.
Descartes was an empiricist.
False. Descartes is a rationalist. He is skeptical of the senses. He thinks the intellect or reason is the primary source of our knowledge of the world.
Method of Doubt 2 (I might now be dreaming) is a more extreme method of doubt than Method of Doubt 1 (the senses sometimes deceive, mislead us).
True. Each method of doubt is more extreme than the previous.
Descartes believes there is no way to tell with certainty whether you are awake or dreaming.
True. Descartes thinks there is no way to tell with certainty that you are now awake (not dreaming). This is why he concludes that all of our beliefs about the world based on our senses are not certain.
Descartes believes that that there is an all-powerful deceitful demon.
False. He only argues that we can't know for certain that there is not.
Descartes' three methods of doubt do not cast doubt on his beliefs about mathematics and logic.
False. The third method of doubt (I might be the victim of an all-powerful evil genius or demon determined to deceive me at every turn) casts doubt on his beliefs about mathematics and logic.
Descartes thinks that even his own existence is not certain.
False. He thinks that his own existence cannot be doubted; attempting to doubt it requires (and thus shows) that he exists.
Descartes thinks that he can be certain that he thinks.
True. That he exists as a thinking being is something he can be certain of, he claims.
Descartes thinks he can be certain about how things seem to him (e.g., that he seems to have two hands).
True. Even if he can't be certain that he has two hands (this concerns the world), he thinks he can be certain that it
to him as if he has two hands (this concerns his mind).
Descartes thinks he can bridge the gap between his mind and the world outside of his mind.
True. He tries to do this by arguing that an all-good non-deceiving God exists.
Philosophers tend to think that Descartes' attempt to bridge the gap between his mind and the world succeeds.
False. Many think that Descartes' argument for God's existence fails and/or is circular.
Perhaps the lesson to draw from Descartes' project is that knowledge does not require certainty.
True. Perhaps Descartes set the bar too high. If knowledge requires certainty, then at most we will only have knowledge of our minds.
Other sets by this creator
The problem of free will: Compatibilism and libert…
Philosophy of the mind: Arguments for physicalism…
Epistemology: the Empiricist; and Philosophy of th…
Epistemology: knowledge and skepticism
Other Quizlet sets
Biomechanics Exam 2: Spine Anatomy
(West Civ to 800) Making of the West Chapter 7 Ter…
Phrases & Responses
Pathology Exam 3