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Terms in this set (23)
is the difference between the systolic and diastolic pressures.pulse pressurePulse pressure signifies the amount of ____ the heart generates with each ____force; contractionA pulse pressure less than ___ mm Hg may be seen in patients with shock.25Blood flow through the capillary beds is regulated by the capillary _____ and is under control of the ______ nervous systemsphincters; autonomic-Capillary sphincters respond to other stimuli: •_____ •_____ •The need for _____ and waste removalhot; cold; oxygen•Perfusion requires more than just having a working cardiovascular system, it requires: -Adequate _____ exchange in the _____ -Adequate _____ in the form of ______ in the blood -Adequate _____ removal, primarily through the _____oxygen; lungs; nutrients; glucose; waste; lungs•Mechanisms are in place to help support the respiratory and cardiovascular systems when the need for perfusion of vital organs is _______. -Mechanisms include the ______ nervous system and ______.increase; autonomic; hormones•Hormones are triggered when the body senses _____ falling. -Cause an increase in: •_____ ______ •Strength of _______ contractions •Peripheral _______pressure; heart rate; cardiac; vasoconstrictionHormones such as _____ and ____ will be releasednorepinephrine; epinephrine•Together, these actions are designed to -Maintain ______ in the system -Sustain _______ of all vital organs •It is this response that causes all the ______ and ______ of shock.pressure; perfusion; signs; symptoms•Shock can result from _______, ______ failure, _____ ______ reactions, and overwhelming ______. -Damage occurs because of insufficient ______ of organs and tissues.bleeding; respiratory; acute allergic; perfusioncauses of shock: 1. _____ failure 2. poor ______ function 3. low _____ ______pump; vessel; fluid2 types of shock causes by pump failurecardiogenic shock and obstructive shock