Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
APUSH 2nd Semester, Set 1
Terms in this set (51)
Law of Supply
producers offer more of a good as its price increases and less as its price falls
A curve that shows the relationship between the price of a product and the quantity of the product supplied.
TVA (Tennessee Valley Authority)
gave jobs rebuilding the Tennessee Valley; brought flood relief and hydroelectric power to the area
AAA (Agricultural Adjustment Act)
regulated farm production, helped to raise farm income
Wagner Act (1935)
officially "National Labor Relations Act"; established National Labor Relations Board to administer labor laws and union elections; protected the rights of most workers in the private sector to organize labor unions, to engage in collective bargaining, and to take part in strikes and other forms of concerted activity in support of their demands. Highest legislative achievement for unions in US history.
Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)
1934 - Created to supervise stock exchanges and to punish fraud in securities trading.
Bank Holiday 1933
Franklin Delano Roosevelt declared that all banks were to be closed on March 6, 1933. A few days later he allowed the reopening of economically sound banks.
FDIC (Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation)
an agency developed by the federal government to regulate banking and and investment activivties
Glass-Steagall Banking Act
Created the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, which insures the accounts of depositors of its member banks. It outlawed banks investing in the stock market.
Treaty of Versailles (1919)
Treaty that ended World War I - most important part was the forced blame on Germany and other allies
Quota Act of 1921
also known as the immigration act, this set a 3% immigration limit on individuals from each nation of origin
Great Migration (of the 20th century)
Movement of about 7 million blacks out of the Southern United States. African Americans migrated to the Midwest, Northeast, and West. They were recruited to work in northern factories because of war production; move to urban areas; aggravate racial tensions; WW1
Internment of Japanese Americans
Forced relocation and incarceration in camps in the interior of the U.S. of between 110,000 and 120,000 people of Japanese ancestry who had lived on the Pacific coast.
National Organization for Women
Founded in 1966, the National Organization for Women (NOW) called for equal employment opportunity and equal pay for women. NOW also championed the legalization of abortion and passage of an equal rights amendment to the Constitution.
1970s; a new right activist that protested the women's rights acts and movements as defying tradition and natural gender division of labor; demonstrated conservative backlash against the 60s
Betty Friedan, The Feminine Mystique
An American feminist, activist and writer, best known for starting what is commonly known as the "Second Wave" of feminism through the writing of a book.
Harlem Renaissance (1920s)
A literary, artistic, and intellectual movement that kindled a new black cultural identity in America (JAZZ)
Marcus Garvey and the UNIA
Black nationalist and leader of the back to Africa movement who recognized the treatment of blacks was not improving
Rosie the Riveter
A propaganda character designed to increase production of female workers in the factories. It became a rallying symbol for women to do their part.
Populists (People's Party)
a member or adherent of a political party seeking to represent the interests of ordinary people.
18th Amendment (1919)
The 18th Amendment (proposed by Congress on December 19, 1917) banned the manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcoholic beverages in the United States and its possessions. Contrary to common belief, it did not prohibit the purchase or consumption of alcohol. The Amendment was ratified on January 18, 1919, went into effect one year later, and was repealed by the 21st Amendment on December 5, 1933. Small-time operators were faced with competition from the organized crime and criminal gangs that fought each other for market control.
William Jennings Bryan "Cross of Gold" Speech
speech promoting the idea of changing the exchange rate of silver to gold
19th Amendment (1920)
Ratified on August 18, 1920 (drafted by Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton), prohibits any United States citizen from being denied the right to vote on the basis of sex. The Constitution allows the states to determine the qualifications for voting, and until the 1910's most states disenfranchised women. The amendment was the culmination of the women's suffrage movement in the U.S.
an early leader in the civil rights movement. She documented the extent of lynching in the United States, and was also active in the women's rights movement and the women's suffrage movement.
"Bonus marchers: and Hoovervilles
In June 1932, 10,000 veterans, many jobless, descended on Washington to lobby for the passage of a proposal to receive a veterans bonus immediately. When Congress rejected it several thousand of these and their families stayed on. They organized protest parades and built a makeshift settlement of tents and packing crates--one of many of these--on Anacostia Flats in DC. Hoover ordered them confined to Anacostia Flats.
On Black Thursday, October 24, 1929
stock prices plunged on the New York Stock Exchange.
Plessy vs. Ferguson
a case that was brought to supreme court by black lawsuits to challenge the legality of segregation. The court ruled that segregation was legal as long as it was "equal"
The use or threat of military force to coerce a government into economic or political agreements.
Jacob Riis, How the Other Half Lives
Early 1900's muckraking writer/photographer who exposed social and political evils in the U.S. He was dedicated to using his photographic talents to help the less fortunate in New York. His photography helped capture the hardships faced by the poor. His most popular work, How the Other Half Lives, became a pivotal work that precipitated much needed reforms in the slums of New York. Jacob Riis's photography, taken up to help him document the plight of the poor, made him an important figure in the history of documentary photography.
Dollar Diplomacy (Taft)
the use of a country's financial power to extend its international influence.
USS Maine Explosion
Immediate cause/excuse for the Spanish-American War
newspapers that used sensational headlines and exaggerated stories in order to promote readership
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
Called for a vigorous activism including legal challenges to achieve political equality for blacks and full integration into American life
Social Gospel Movement
A social reform movement that developed within religious institutions and sought to apply the teachings of Jesus directly to society
Settlement House Movement
Creation of places that offered social services to urban poor - often food, shelter, and basic higher education - Hull House was most famous
The "Gospel of Wealth" 1889
book written by Andrew Carnegie that described the responsibility of the rich to be philanthropists. This softened the harshness of Social Darwinism as well as promoted the idea of philanthropy, meaning to use their wealth for the benefit of society by sponsoring the arts, science, libraries, etc. Nicer alternative to harsh philosophy of Social Darwinism, but it was still very elitist and gave power over society to rich.
A series of reforms enacted by the Franklin Roosevelt administration between 1933 and 1942 with the goal of ending the Great Depression.
President Johnson called his version of the Democratic reform program the Great Society. In 1965, Congress passed many Great Society measures, including Medicare, civil rights legislation, and federal aid to education.
Trickle Down Economics
economic theory that holds that money lent to banks and businesses will trickle down to consumers
Civil Rights Act of 1964
outlawed discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin
Voting Rights Act of 1965
1965; invalidated the use of any test or device to deny the vote and authorized federal examiners to register voters in states that had disenfranchised blacks; as more blacks became politically active and elected black representatives, it rboguth jobs, contracts, and facilities and services for the black community, encouraging greater social equality and decreasing the wealth and education gap
24th Amendment (1964)
Prohibits federal and state governments from charging poll tax
Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) (1942)
A nonviolent civil rights organization that was committed to the "Double V" - victory over fascism abroad and racism at home. After World War II, it would become a major force in the civil rights movement.
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
1957 group founded by Martin Luther King Jr. to fight against segregation using nonviolent means
Malcom X and the Nation of Islam
Spread ideas of black nationalism. Disagreed with both the tactics & goals of the early civil rights movement. Minister of the nation of Islam. Rejected his original name because it was his family's slave name; A group of militant Black Americans who profess Islamic religious beliefs & advocate independence for Black Americans.
Barry Goldwater (1964)
Republican contender against LBJ for presidency; platform included lessening federal involvement, therefore opposing Civil Rights Act of 1964; lost by largest margin in history.
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution (1964)
The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution was a joint resolution of the U.S. Congress passed on August 7, 1964 in direct response to a minor naval engagement known as the Gulf of Tonkin Incident. It is of historical significance because it gave U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson authorization, without a formal declaration of war by Congress, for the use of military force in Southeast Asia. Led to massive escalation of Vietnam War.
A phrase used to describe people, whatever their economic status, who uphold traditional values, especially against the counterculture of the 1960s
Martin Luther King Jr.
Leader of the civil rights movement
Dixiecrats, J. Strom Thurmond
Southern Democrats disgruntled over the strong civil rights proposals of the Democrats' 1948 National Convention formed the States' Rights Democratic party and nominated Thurmond (governor of South Carolina) for president.
Sets found in the same folder
APUSH 2nd Semester, Part II
AP Reform Comaprison Neal
APUSH VA NEAL Foreign Policies and Reforms (late 1…
Sets with similar terms
supply and demand posttest
Chapter 5 Economics
Other sets by this creator
Modern Era Quiz
Real GDP Neal 2021
Market Structures neal 2021
Other Quizlet sets
Musical Appreciation Final
Mental Health exam 2 Kellie Curl
GEOG 101 Physical Geography
Astronomy Exam 3 - PHYS 1403
What are the three levels of govt.?
What basic freedoms did African-Americans seek through the Civil Rights Movement? What were some of the successes that African American achieved as a result of the Civil Rights Movement? What were some of the limits of this success?
What type of new energy source powered the Second Industrial Revolution?
A conglomerate is a company that offers similar products in a number of locations.