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Politics of the United States
Terms in this set (25)
A nonviolent, public refusal to obey allegedly unjust laws.
following established legal procedures
those rights and responsibilities of US citizens specifically provided for and listed in the Constitution
To ask a higher court to review the decision and determine if justice was done
reviews decisions of lower courts to determine if a significant error of law was made during trial
a case involving the rights of citizens
Powers held jointly by the national and state governments.
law that involves the interpretation and application of the U.S. Constitution and state constitutions
a court case involving a crime, or violation of public order
an individual or group being sued or charged with a crime
An order to produce an arrested person before a judge.
The power of the courts to declare laws unconstitutional
the official power to make legal decisions and judgments.
a body of citizens sworn to give a true verdict according to the evidence presented in a court of law
a judicial decision that is used as an example in dealing with later, similar cases
rules applicable to people in the armed forces
Rights possessed by persons who are arrested by the police. (Remain silent, Attorney, etc.)
the authority to hear cases for the first time
Plaintiff / Prosecutor / Defendant
The person who defends the person who is being sued or blamed!
U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals
the courts where parties who are dissatisfied with the judgment of a U.S. District court may take their case
U.S. District Courts
the federal court system's trial courts of general jurisdiction (lower court)
U.S. Supreme Court
the highest court in the whole country of the USA
in complete agreement (ex: 10 out of 10 people vote in favor of a law)
decisions of courts have value as precedent for future cases similarly circumstanced
Writ of certiorari
A formal written request used to bring a case before the Supreme Court.
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