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Chapter 13 The Respiratory System
Terms in this set (42)
The nasal cavity is indicated by the letter __________.
The right primary bronchus is indicated by letter __________.
The trachea is indicated by letter __________.
The diaphragm muscle is indicated by letter __________.
The oral cavity is indicated by letter __________.
The base of the right lung is indicated by letter __________.
The nostrils are indicated by letter __________.
The apex of the right lung is indicated by letter __________.
The larynx is indicated by letter __________.
The pharynx is indicated by letter __________.
The three mucosa-covered projections into the nasal cavity that greatly increase surface area of mucosa exposed to air are called __________.
The anterior portion of the palate that is supported by bone is called the __________.
The throat is also known as the __________.
Inflammation of the sinuses that can cause marked changes in voice quality is called __________.
The large shield-shaped thyroid cartilage that protrudes anteriorly is commonly called the __________.
The mucosa-lined windpipe that extends from the larynx to the level of the fifth thoracic vertebra is called the __________.
The tonsils found in the nasopharynx are called __________ or __________.
pharyngeal tonsils; adenoids
The opening between the vocal folds is called the __________.
The C-shaped rings that reinforce the trachea are constructed of __________ cartilage.
The flap of elastic cartilage that protects the opening of the larynx is called the __________
A procedure in which air within the lungs is used to forcibly expel an obstructing piece of food to avoid suffocation is called the __________.
The central area between the two lungs that houses the heart, great blood vessels, bronchi, and esophagus is called the __________.
The smallest conducting passageways of the lungs are called __________.
"Dust cells" that wander in and out of the alveoli, picking up bacteria, carbon particles, and other debris, are actually __________.
The air sacs of the lungs are called __________.
The process of moving air into and out of the lungs is commonly called breathing or __________.
Gas exchange between the blood and tissue cells is called __________.
The inspiratory muscles that contract so we can inspire air are the __________ and __________.
diaphragm; external intercostals
The presence of air in the intrapleural space is known as __________.
Normal quiet breathing moves about __________ mL of air into and out of the lungs with each breath.
A mechanism that clears the upper respiratory passages, which is similar to a cough except that the expelled air is directed through the nasal cavities instead of the oral cavity, is called a __________.
Air that remains in the conducting zone passageways and never reaches the alveoli is called the __________.
dead space volume
Respiratory capacities are measured with a __________.
An abnormal bubbling sound caused by diseased respiratory tissue, mucus, or pus is called __________.
Oxygen bound to hemoglobin molecules on RBCs is called __________.
Most carbon dioxide is dissolved in blood plasma and transported as __________.
Inadequate oxygen delivery to body tissues is called __________.
During internal respiration, the blood gas __________ is loaded into the bloodstream.
A normal respiratory rate of about 12-15 breaths per minute is called __________.
The most important stimulus for breathing in a healthy person is the body's need to rid itself of the blood gas called __________.
Enlargement of the alveoli and chronic inflammation of the lungs are characteristics of a respiratory disease called __________.
Chronically inflamed, hypersensitive bronchial passages that can be irritated by dust mite and cockroach droppings are indicative of __________.
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