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HI 102-6 Northrop Test 3
Dr. Northrop's study guide to Test 3
Terms in this set (167)
What was the name of the revolution started in Russia?
What year did the Bolshevik revolution begin?
3 events to begin the Bolshevik revolution
1. Germans win in the East
2. Russia drops out of the war (WWI)
3. Czar (Nicholas) abdicated/left office
Who took over for the Czar during the Bolshevik Revolution?
Vladimir Lenin (1917)
What political ideology did Lenin push?
What was the last year of WWI?
What happened during the German Gambler?
Germany moved troops from the East to the West
What year did the U.S. enter the war?
What two things did the U.S. have that helped the Allied powers?
1. Brought supplies, and artillery
2. Factory driven production
After Germany surrenders, where does the Kaiser flee to?
What day was established as Veteran's day?
Armistice day (11/11/1918)
What was the name of the General in Germany that shifted the blame onto civil government?
Every other country was invited to the Versailles Peace Conference except who?
What was the main reasons the U.S. entered the war?
Sinking of the Lusitania (Submarine warfare)
What weapon advancements came out of the war?
Which country invented tanks?
What was the approximated death toll from WWI in Russia?
What was the approximated death toll from WWI in Germany?
What was the approximated death toll from WWI in France?
What was the approximated death toll from WWI in Britain?
What was the approximated death toll from the U.S. in WWI?
Which dictator took over the Communist party of Russia, after Lenin?
What is the Capitol of Russia?
Russia was called this during the reign of Lenin, and Stalin:
Soviet Union (USSR)
What kind of support was posted to promote both Lenin and Stalin as leaders?
Whose original ideas did Stalin and Lenin put into play in the takeover of the Russian government?
Karl Marx (Marxism)
What book did Karl Marx write to introduce Communism?
Due to Communism in Russia, what happened to the churches?
They were destroyed and/or made into warehouses
Which country turned Christianity illegal due to Communism?
What time frame was Imperial Russia introduced?
3 years (666-669)
What was the Russia called during the reign of Alexander II?
Nations of Peasants
Why did Czar Alexander II give into some of the demands of the peasants?
To prevent the spread of revolutions from France
What did Alexander II abolish during his reign?
What other two demands did Alexander II give into the peasants of Russia?
-Could own property (not good property)
-Could marry (choice) whoever they wished
What group wanted more changes in Russia even after Alexander II gave in a little?
Which group opposed these changes happening during the Russian reform of Alexander II?
Radicals attempted to do what to the Czar during the reforms?
Which terrorist group successfully killed Czar Alexander II?
"The people's will"
How did "The people's will" kill the Czar?
Threw a grenade at the carriage
What year was Czar Alexander II assassinated?
What was the legacy of Vladimir Lenin's family called?
The Ulyanov family
Which ideology did Lenin support?
Which brother of Vladimir Lenin influenced him to become a radical rise to power?
What happened to Lenin's older brother and the rest of the terrorists responsible to the assassination of the Czar?
They were hung for treason
Who rises to power directly after Alexander II dies?
Alexander III (new Czar)
What was Alexander III known for during his rule?
Karl Marx created communism; what are the other names related to this ideology?
What was another name for Karl Marx?
The Father of modern "Socialism"
Karl Marx was only influenced from Russia; therefore he was originally from where?
The other writer of the "Communist Manifesto"
What denomination did Karl Marx claim?
What was the historical view according to Karl Marx?
-The Haves v. The Have-nots
-Bourgeoise v. Proletariat (French)
What was the Social claim for Communism?
"A Classless society?"
What did Karl Marx quote saying about religion?
"Religion is like a drug"
What are the 5 reasons a classless society would not work?
1. Upper class creates jobs
2. No true content
3. Everybody except government is poor
4. No motivation (incentives) to work
5. Man's sinful nature
What were some claims of the Humanist Manifesto? (Give at least three)
-Abolish Private Property
-Redistribution of Wealth
-Control of Media
-Control of Production
-Control of Education
-No homeschool or Christian school
-No family ties
-Redefine the family
-Loyalty to the state (government)
-The state replaces parents
-Schools indoctrination centers
Who was next in line for the position of Czar after Alexander III?
What year was Nicholas II crowned Czar?
What was the character flaw for Nicholas II compared to his father?
Weak integrity as a leader
What was the name of Czar Nicholas II wife's name?
What Nationality was Alexandra?
What were the two positive aspects of Nicholas II's rule?
What were some negative aspects of Nicholas II's rule? (Give at least three)
-Radicals oppose Czar
-Lost war with Japan
-"Bloody Sunday" (1905)
-Sets up the Duma
-Grants a constitution
What happened on "Bloody Sunday"?
Massacre of Russian citizens to "protect" the Czar
What were the names of the daughters of Czar Nicholas II?
What was the name of Czar Nicholas' only son?
What was the Romanov Secret?
Alexi had a disease called Hemophilia
Why did the Royal family hide Alexi's disease?
To keep a "perfect" image to not show weakness
Who was the Russian Orthodox priest that claimed to "have healing powers from God?"
What happens to Alexi after Rasputin meets with the boy?
Alexi begins to recover from his disease
What did the public assume about Rasputin since he was visiting the palace so often?
Alexandra and Rasputin were having an affair
Why did the queen keep going to Rasputin?
She was obsessed with Alexi's health
What happened in Russia in1914 due to warfare (WWI)?
Sinking of Nicholas' kingdom while in warfare
What did Rasputin write to the royal fmaily?
"If I am killed you and your family will not survive."
How did Rasputin die?
Poisoned, shot, and drowned
What was the February Revolution known for?
"Women's March" (Peace & Bread)
What major event happened during the February Revolution?
Army of Russia joined the people
What kind of government takes over in March during the Bolshevik Revolution?
How many years prior to the Duma was the kingdom of the Czar established for?
300 years/ ending with Nicholas II
What did the Duma do to the Czar?
Forced to abdicate the throne (forced to leave)
Since the Duma was a "provisional" government which group plotted a take-over?
During which revolution in Russia (1917) was Kerensky in charge?
What 3 key events happen during the October Revolution?
1. Stays in warfare
2. Limited authority
3. Exiles returned (Lenin)
What happens on October 1917 in Russia?
Communists take over
What is the claim for power during the takeover of communists?
"Bread, Land, and Peace"
What treaty does Lenin sign after coming into power?
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
What were some character traits describing Lenin?
"He lives revolution 24/7"
"Blood-thirsty and violent"
What happened to the royal family during both the February Revolution, and the October Revolution?
Royal family allowed to stay in St. Petersburgh under house arrest
What 2 groups were involved in the civil war in Russia?
Royalists (whites) v. Communists (reds)
What happened to the royal family on July 16, 1918?
Entire family shot in cold blood
What was the place called where the entire royal family was given a memorial?
The Church on the Blood
The Czar and his family after being assassinated were considered to be what for their beliefs?
What year(s) did the Russian Civil war take place?
Which two groups were involved in the Russian Civil War?
Reds v. Whites
Who wins the Russian civil war?
What was the Trotsky?
The red's army
Lein sets up Russia known as what? (Now that Russia is under Lenin's power)
USSR (Soviet Union)
What came into place because of the USSR?
The NEP (New Economic Policy)
What year did Lenin die?
What is the definition of Modern Liberalism?
Desire to break free from standards; Rejects authority
What main ideas does Conservatism uphold?
Absolutes (Laws and morality)
Edmond Burke was known as what?
"Father of Modern Conservatism"
What is another name for Pseudo sciences?
Definition of positivism?
Only "observable facts" can be believed
Which root of Liberalism does positivism fall under?
What is the definition of Psychology?
Study of the mind
Which root of Liberalism does psychology fall under?
What is the definition of Psychoanalysis?
Study of the subconscious mind
Which root of Liberalism does psychoanalysis fall under?
who introduced psychoanalysis?
What ideology does Sigmund Freud claim in his expertise?
"Man is not guilty"
What is the definition of behavioral-psychology?
The conditioning of man's natural responses
What were the two founders of behavioral-psychology?
What Ideology does Pavlov and Skinner both introduce?
"Man is an animal"
What is the definition of Pragmatism?
Only results matter
Who introduced Pragmatism?
What is the driving question to pragmatism?
"Does it work?"
What is the basis of Existentialism?
What two people introduced Existentialism?
What claims are made of existentialism?
"There is no truth"
"Truth is whatever you say it is"
"Make up your own truth"
Who is known as the father progressive education?
What political agenda did John Dewey push?
What is the purpose of progressive education?
What idea did Dewey believe was the correct worldview?
Humanist Manifesto (One World Government)
What claim did John Dewey make about morality?
"Teaching morality is a waste of time"
What year did Rasputin die?
What year did the Royal Family?
What year did the Reds win the civil war in Russia?
What year did Lenin die?
Who was the forefather to the Social Gospel?
Harry Emerson Fosdick
What is the Social Gospel?
Water down gospel presented focused purely on works, and not faith alone
What major term does Social Gospel, and Social Reforms fall under?
What claims does Secular Humanism believe?
-"Millions are good without God"
-Faith in man, rather than God
-Humanist Manifesto encouraged/ endorsed
-No need for God
"Man is God"
Who were the four Defenders of the Faith?
G Campbell Morgan
What were the defenders of faith called?
What was G Campbell Morgan known for?
Being a Scholar
What was William Ramsey known for?
What was RA Torrey known for?
What was Billy Sunday known for?
What was Billy Sunday known for before he became an Evangelist?
Professional Baseball Player
What famous artist is known for Cubism?
What was Picasso's art known for being?
Purposefully untraditional, distorted
What was Norman Rockwell's art known for being?
Clear, Tradition, Observable
Who were the Liberal writers?
What did GB Shaw present in his writings?
He showed socialism in a positive way
What did HG Wells present in his writings?
Favorably about Stalin as a revered and loved leader
What did Upton Sinclair present in his writings?
The ACLU and the liberal lawyers act
What did HL Mencken present in his writings?
Attack on small towns, and religion
What did HG Wells quote about Joseph Stalin?
"...Never met a man more candid, fair, and honest."
"...no one is afraid of him. everybody trusts him."
Upton Sinclair published what works?
The Jungle (Capitalism's bad side)
What resulted happening from Upton Sinclair's "The Jungle"?
Meat inspection acts (Due to uncleanliness of meat packaging companies in Chicago)
Who were the Conservative writers?
What did GK Chesterton write about?
What is CS Lewis' well known writings?
What was George Orwell known for?
Writing "Animal Farm"
What was "Animal Farms" claim? (George Orwell)
"All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others"
The 1920's are also called what?
"The roaring twenties"
Why were they called the "roaring twenties"?
Because there was a lot of change happening in all aspects of living
What did the roaring twenties try to implement as a way to prevent war?
Paris Peace Pact (P3)
Why was the P3 not a valid way to end war?
Because world peace is not achievable due to man's sin nature
What was "achieved" during the twenties?
What did the Great Optimism rely heavily on?
What was the name for the Stock market crash in the 1920's?
When did the stock market crash?
Approximately how much did people lose in the crash of the stock market?
About $30 Billion
What were the reasons for the crash of the stock market?
1. Easy Credit
2. Risky Investments
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