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Chapter 1 OMLC Basis for Morality

Vocabulary
STUDY
PLAY
ACTUAL GRACE
This supernatural, free, and undeserved help from God that is given for specific circumstances to do good and avoid evil.
, This supernatural, free, and undeserved help from God is given for specific circumstances to help us choose what is good and avoid what is evil.
CHRISTIAN MORALITY
Moral norms to be followed because a Christian is incorporated into Christ through Baptism.
CHRISTIAN VOCATION
God's call to each person by which he is incorporated into Christ through grace and becomes a member of the Mystical Body of Christ. As one of God's people, he partakes in the life of the Church.
CHRISTIANITY
A name derived from Christ, the Anointed One. The set of beliefs, practices, and morals in imitation of and commanded by Jesus Christ.
DISCIPLE
From the Latin verb discere, "to learn." One who accepted Jesus' message to follow him, especially one of the Twelve; this term can also refer to a Christian of any age because he is a follower of Christ.
ENCYCLICAL
A letter written by the pope to all the world's bishops and occasionally to all the faithful. It usually expounds on some aspect of Church teaching.
FREE WILL
This gift from God includes the power of directing one's own actions without constraint. This makes possible the choice to love God.
FREEDOM
The power rooted in reason and the will, to act or not to act, and so to perform deliberate actions on one's own responsibility in pursuit of the truth and goodness that is ultimately found in God.
HOLINESS
Spiritual perfection or purity because of likeness unto God who is perfectly holy. The free dedication of a Christian to the will of God and the participation in the life of grace. Holiness is the perfection of charity. It is also referred to as sanctity, saintliness, and sacredness.
LAW OF CHRIST
An interior law that stems from grace—in connection with life in Jesus—and becomes a norm or impulse for imitating Christ and acting like him.
LOVE (charity)
The theological virtue by which a Christian loves God above all things for His own sake, and loves his neighbor as himself for the love of God.
LUMEN GENTIUM
Latin name for the "Dogmatic Constitution on the Church," a key document from the Second Vatican Council.
MORAL LAW
The ethical norms, authored and revealed by God and safeguarded by the Church, imposing obligations on the conscience of each person.
MORALITY
The doctrine or system by which actions are judged to be good or evil. Morality looks to those human acts that impact the totality of "personness" and affect one's final end.
MORAL RELATIVISM
The view that there is no absolute or universal moral law or truth, resulting in a morality determined by cultural factors or personal preference.
NATURAL LAW
The participation of man in the plan of God in relation to human life and action, insofar as the mind can understand it. The objective order established by God that determines the requirements for people to thrive and reach fulfillment. Natural law "enables man to discern by reason the good and the evil, the truth and the lie" (CCC 1954).
NEW BEING IN CHRIST
The supernatural condition of the baptized, by which one participates in the life of Jesus.
OBJECTIVE MORALITY
Standards of conduct that are universal rather than conditioned by culture or personal preference.
ORIGINAL SIN
Adam and Eve's abuse of their human freedom in disobeying God's command. As a consequence they lost the grace of original holiness and justice and became subject to the law of death; sin became universally present in the world; and every person is born into this condition. This sin separated mankind from God, darkened the human intellect, weakened the human will, and introduced into human nature an inclination toward sin. With Original Sin, man lost the inner harmony between his mind, his will, and his passions. Also, after this "First Sin," every person would be destined to die.
POSITIVE MORALITY
A moral code that prescribes what ought to be done.
REASON
The intellectual power or faculty which is ordinarily employed by man in adapting thought or action to some end; the guiding principle of the human mind in the process of thinking.
SANCTIFYING GRACE
The free and unmerited favor of God given through the sacraments. Sanctifying grace heals and sanctifies human nature wounded by sin by giving man a share in the divine life infused into the soul by the Holy Spirit.
VIRTUE
A habitual and firm disposition to do good.