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A & P Chapter 7 (Part B)
Terms in this set (18)
There are ______ bones that form the adult vertebral column.
The primary functions of the vertebral column include ___________
- protection of spinal cord.
- transmission of weight from trunk to lower limbs.
The _______ and the _______curvatures are concave posteriorly while the _______ and the _______ curvatures are convex posteriorly.
cervical; lumbar; thoracic; sacral
What is the primary function of the anterior longitudinal ligament?
Support & prevent hyperextension of spine
What is the primary function of the intervertebral foramina?
For exit of spinal nerves from the spinal cord
What is not true concerning the intervertebral discs as we age?
They become more hydrated
What is true concerning the intervertebral discs as we age?
- they become thinner
- they become less elastic
- risk of disc herniation increases
The intervertebral disc is composed of two parts. The inner gelatinous nucleus, the _________ and the outer collar composed of the collagen and fibrocartilage, the _________.
What is another name for a spinal disc prolapse?
slipped disc OR herniated disc
The Hunchback of Notre Dame suffered from which spinal problem?
Cervical vertebrae can be uniquely identified by the presence of ________.
Which cervical vertebrae allows your head to move up & down to indicate "yes"?
Which cervical vertebrae allows your head to move left & right to indicate "no"?
This group of vertebrae is the only group that articulates with the ribs.
How many fetal bones fuse together to form the sacrum?
The major functions of the thoracic cage are _______.
- protect lungs
- help expand thoracic cavity during breathing
How many floating (vertebral) ribs do you have?
Which organ lies directly posterior to the sternum?
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