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Latin American History and Culture Exam 2
Terms in this set (40)
The cities growth because the immigration decrease
_____________________ grew at the expense of indigenous communities and their traditional landholdings, the properties confiscated from the church and the public domain.
_______________________and most powerful class in Latin America in general was white or near white in complexion.
The cities were important:
They played an important role in each nation. Provided recreational, cultural and educational services., The complex transportation and communications were there.
What was the idea of Manifest Destiny? Write 5 complete sentences
The idea of Manifest Destiny is very huge in the history of North America and the United States today. This is the overall idea that the United States were destined by god to govern the continent of North America. This also has to do with the idea that this goes along with the transformations in land, cultures and beliefs. The religious beliefs have to do with the idea of having deep roots in the American culture.
The United States helped Latin America when Europeans intruded their territory
Only when British and French maneuver to prevent the union of Texas with the United States did President John Tyler invoke the principles of the Doctrine of:
Race was not a key factor in Manifest Destiny, and race in the United States was closely tied to the issue of slavery
Jose Marti was:
A Cuban poet, essayist, journalist, professor, patriot and hero., Leader in the Cuban independent movement
Panama used be Colombian territory
Porfirio Díaz was:
President of Mexico, soldier and a dictator
President Diaz had been friendly with the United States, and had encouraged foreign investments in his country
Many poor peasants labored on haciendas (plantations & mines) factories or worked in factories for high wages
What is Porfiriato?
One of the generals at the time was named Porfirio Díaz and he was also the President of Mexico from 1877 to 1911. This time is very important in history because his rule was very dominating and he was good at what he did therefore they named this time period after him
In what years were the Mexican Revolution
What are the main causes of the Mexican Revolution. Explain ( 5 complete sentences)
There are many things that played a role in the beginning of the Mexican Revolution but some were more important than others. One reason had to deal with the economy, as villages vanished making the haciendas grow. Not to mention the country was struggling and 97% of the people were in poverty. Due to foreign trade and issues major businesses and industries were struggling from investments etc
Mexican Revolution was the second-long lasting political revolution of the 20th century.
What events led up to the Mexican Revolution?
Once again there are a couple different reasons as to why the revolution began but there are a few key reasons or events that led to this. One of the big reasons had to do with when people such as the liberals came to challenge the regime of the dictator. It was noted that he did not follow the laws set in place by the Mexican Constitution. Therefore they wanted to get him out of power.
Las Soldareras were The Battlefield Heroines of the Mexican Revolution
The options that a villager had during the Mexican Revolution were:
He could try to find other legal sources of revenue or become a criminal, He could become fully dependent on the haciendas
Why the Soldareras were important? 7 complete sentences
The Soldareras were very important to the history of the Revolution. One of the main reasons were that they are female fighters. This is rare for the times anywhere at the time and they made a big impact. They had contributions in the rebel armies as well as the federal. Most of them did not take place in the actual fighting as that was still primarily done by men. They were to aid them in other ways as cooking food and transporting things to and from for them. As they also found important and useful items off of the dead bodies in fighting and they also served as nurses.
Francisco Madero supported Porfirio in the early days of his leadership.
Francisco Madero did not believe that Mexican president should serve only a single term
"Tierra y Libertad." was the slogan of
"If there is not justice for the people, let there be no peace for the government" how do you understand this quote from Zapata?
The government should be working for the people. therefore if there is no justice or things being done for the people then there should be no peace or happiness for the government. If the government is doing its job the people should be happy and should be getting the justice they deserve.
If you could make a motto for a revolution. What would be your motto?
Stand for the land and the people. As far as coming up with a good motto I am not a poet. However, I feel if as though this motto stands for the people fighting for the land and for the rights of the people in the war or revolution.
Huerta became the symbol of reaction of the counterrevolution
Huerta's coup was disapproved by:
Zapata and Villa
Huertas initiated these reforms:
The education budget rose 9.9 %.131 schools were built, Community projects were initiated in indigenous villages
The constitution had:
Traditional enlightened ideas of the formal constitution, Conferred strong authority on the president, Altered significantly some fundamental and traditional concepts.
His work reflected the Marxist ideology:
Why Article 123 was important for the Mexican workers? Explain
There were a couple different ways that the Article 123 was important to the Mexican workers. One of the main reasons being this article helped those who worked to have passage of labor codes to set things like minimum and maximum salaries. Therefore they had more set wages to know how much they were to make or could make.
What are the main changes in education after the Mexican Revolution (explain your answer in 7 complete sentences)?
Following the Mexican Revolution many things changed in the educational system. One thing that changed was the material being covered, for example different textbooks came out focusing on different struggles and church. Church was also viewed in a different light in school and eventually led to Christeros Revolt. Not to mention education as a whole took more of a socialists view as a normal geography class looked into imperialist exploitations.
How and why does the Mexican Revolution celebrate the campesinos? (explain your answer in 7 complete sentences)
The campesinos were the farmers during the revolution. Therefore they were celebrated for what they did at this time. As they wanted to assimilate the indigenous to a society was not of their making. Later they eventually set a system to teach those in school Spanish to the indigenous. This was so they were then able to enter the school system that could allow them to bring the mestizo society.
What was the outcome after the Mexican Revolution, in education, in the church and farmers? (explain your answer in 7 complete sentences)
The outcomes of the Mexican Revolution greatly impacted education in the church and farmers in several ways. One of those being the church was losing its educational role in society. Those who were teachers were viewed as athesit outsiders due to the new educational systems and material set in place. However, the amount of children in school had increased amongst youth. Farmers were affected due to the retribution of farm land increasing by 23% in ejido and the rest of the land remained in 1,000 farms or more.
The United States replace Europe model for Latin-Americans
To rebuild the economic Latin America borrowed money from Europe.
Trujillo was a dictator from Nicaragua
While Mexico has facing their internal problems, the entire region was battered by series of international shocks:
World War I, Great Depression and World War II
One of the icons of Latin American populism was:
Juan Domingo Perón
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