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Arts and Humanities
Ch 21 Fighting in WWII
American History 2
Terms in this set (45)
What did many kids have to give up during World War II, in order to help the war effort?
Why was CORE created?
to combat urban segregation in the north
Why was the Battle for Stalingrad so significant to WWII?
It marked the beginning of the collapse of Germany's empire
The need for workers temporarily broke down some racial barriers, although discrimination against ________________________________ continued.
Which two cities were attacked with atomic bombs by the United States?
Nagasaki & Hiroshima
The Tuskegee Airmen were a all ______unit that fought in World War II?
Which program gave loans to companies to help them convert to wartime production?
Reconstruction Finance Corporation
U.S. General that led the Army forces in Japan.
What prompted the Doolittle attack?
The attack on Pearl Harbor.
To keep America focused on the war effort ____________________ was used extensively
The day that Japan officially surrendered is called?
When was the US military fully integrated?
Following the attack on ___________ _________, many Americans treated Japanese Americans poorly and were fearful of them.
What is the term where the Gov't pays the cost of producing the product plus a guaranteed percentage as profit
Why did President Truman choose to drop the atomic bomb?
save American lives.
FDR believed that America must be the "_____________________ of democracy"
This battle was a huge humiliation for Hitler, and cause a severe loss of troops and supplies in the East, as the German's were not prepared for the harsh winter.
Battle of Stalingrad
Which countries have an alliance called the "Allied Powers?"
Britain, France, US, USSR
A secret research and development project of the US to develop the atomic bomb
The Manhattan Project
Americans were encouraged to grow their own vegetables to support the war effort
The beach name where the most resistance was on D-Day.
What did allied forces do on D-Day, June 6, 1944?
They stormed the beaches of Normandy, France.
Known as Hitler's last major offensive push...
Battle of Bulge
Who were the Code Talkers?
Navajo Native Americans who sent secret messages
U.S. General that led the Army forces in Europe.
What role did American women play during World War II?
The women took over many of the factory jobs that men left, making the weapons to fight the war.
Which of these programs are the same? (One was renamed to the other) - choose 2
WAC + WAAC
True or False: Japanese Internment camps were exactly like concentration camps.
A campaign involving lots of tank warfare in the desert, as the Allies pushed the Germans into Italy
North African Campaign
What American President dropped the atomic bomb?
Which program oversaw the production of wartime goods, determined which factories would make needed products and allocated raw materials?
What is the exact date for V-E Day
May 8th, 1945
___________________________ helped to provide the military and industry with metal and materials needed for production
Scrap Metal Drives
a symbol of American women who went to work in factories during the war
Rosie the Riveter
True or False: Before WWII, many African Americans were denied the opportunity to serve on the front lines in war.
This was a military tactic used by the US in the Pacific Theatre
The government paid for WWII using all of the following except
using social security
Which countries have an alliance called the "Axis Powers?"
Germany, Italy, Japan
Which battle was the first ever organized use of kamikaze pilots?
Which of the following items were among those rationed?
Meat, gas, sugar
What years did WWII begin and end?
Japanese Americans were sent to __________________ camps, due to many Americans fearing they were spies.
These helped the government fight the war
The Battle of Iwo Jima and Okinawa showed that the Japanese were willing to surrender and end the war.
What battle, fought in June 1942, was the first major victory for the United States in the Pacific. It marked a turning point in the war with Japan.
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