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Politics of the United States
Judicial Branch and the Bill Of Rights.
Terms in this set (24)
Which article in the Constitution presents the powers of the Federal constitution Courts?
What are the three levels of Federal Courts, and how many are there today?
District courts (94) then the appellate courts (12), then at the top The Supreme Court.
Which two are the inferior courts?
The circuit appeals court, and the district court.
FILL IN THE BLANKS. In 1789, the Supreme Court was created and had_____ justices. But in 1869 that number changed to_____. 8______________ justices and_____Chief ____________ . Today that person is_________________________________________________.
FILL IN THE BLANKS. In 1789, the Supreme Court was created and had 6 justices. But in 1869 that number changed to 9 . 8 associate justices and 1 Chief Justice . Today that person is Chief Justice John G. Roberts.
T or F? Ever since 1789, the Supreme Court has always been highly respected and treated equally to the other two branches of government.
What does the Constitution say about requirements to serve on the Supreme Court?
There are no direct requirements to become a Supreme Court justice, but you have to be nominated by the president and approved by the senate. The constitution is very vague about the Supreme Court overall.
Who nominates candidates for the SCOTUS and who confirms that nomination?
The president nominates a justice while the senate approves and consents to that justice.
What are the term lengths for justices and how can they be removed?
A justice is appointed for life and can be removed by impeachment from the senate, or resign.
Can you explain why the framers wanted justices to serve life terms? (Point G)
The framers wanted the supreme court justices appointed for life in order to create judicial independence which means the judges do not have to worry about being reelected or reappointed are free of any influence over their decisions.
Which 1803 Supreme Court case redefined the job of the court?
Marbury versus Madison 1803 declared an act of Congress unconstitutional, which then established judicial review.
Judicial Review empowered the Supreme Court to do which two things?
The Supreme Court has the job of deciding whether or not laws and ideas are constitutional or not. Also they interpret the constitution. Secondly they decide whether or not ideas and laws from other branches, in lower courts, and individuals are constitutional (checks and balances).
T or F? States do not have their own court systems/ levels, and every criminal goes to a Federal Court.
What are a few quick examples of crimes that would land you in Federal Court?
Crimes like, counterfeiting, treason, violations of security laws, kidnapping, IRS, identity theft, animal cruelty, credit card fraud etc.
What are 2 major takeaways from the interesting homework on the Supreme Court cases?
Your freedom of speech is limited and that you have privacy in some ways but its stretched.
Can you name the three justices appointed by former president Trump?
Brett Kavanaugh, Amy Coney Barrett, Neil Gorsuch.
What percentage of cases does the SCOTUS take each year?
-2.8% of cases and no they don't have to take any case.
Typically, what kind of cases do they want to take?
Big cases that affect the nation, make change.
Can the SCOTUS overrule a previous decision (say an older decision)?
Can you describe these terms? Landmark case, precedent, constitutionality.
Precedent set an example, or mark.
Decisions that influences other decisions right ideas*.
Can you briefly explain the debate between Federalists and Anti-Federalists over the Bill of Rights?
The federalist know that this edition wasn't necessary because of the constitution and as it only stood to limit the government not the people. But the anti-federalist claim the constitution give the power to the central government and without a bill of rights The people will be at risk of having barely any rights.
Which amendments to the Constitution make up the Bill of Rights?
One through 10.
Do you know the five parts of the 1st Amendment?
Freedom of speech, religion, and the press, hold an assembly, petition.
Why do these amendments feel like they are all protections against an unfair authority?
Because their purpose is to outline what the government cant do to its citizens.
How many amendments to the Constitution are there currently? ________
there are 27 amendments.
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