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Arts and Humanities
History of Europe
SS7: T8 L1-3
Terms in this set (43)
related to commerce or trade
someone who gives money or other support to a person or group
having to do with city or town life
a cultural movement of the Renaissance based on the study of classical works
the view that religion need not be the center of human affairs
everyday spoken language of the people
the belief that the individual was more important than the larger community
respect and admiration from others
an imaginary, ideal place
a kind of writing that uses ridicule or sarcasm to criticize vice or folly
a mathematical system for representing three-dimensional space on a flat surface
unnatural or human-made
depressed or sad
an art form in which the artist etches a design on a metal plate with a needle and acid
a way of balancing the parts of a design to make a pleasing whole
a poem of 14 lines with a fixed rhyming pattern
a series of comic episodes usually involving a mischievous character
cloth made from the flax plant
individual letters formed in metal used again and again to form words, lines, and pages of text
remove material from published works to prevent its publication
a set of principles or system of belief
By the 1300s, new forces were at work that brought considerable changes to Europe. As trade and industry grew, feudalism and manorialism ___________________.
Although most migration from manors to towns was done by the peasants, nobles were also attracted to towns for economic reasons. They saw the opportunity to make money by ___________________.
buying property and holding public office
For centuries, learning had been based in the Church. In the Middle Ages, ________________ was the most important course of study. In time, interest grew in non-religious subjects such as law, medicine, philosophy, and science.
In the Italian city-states, the old aristocrats competed for power and status with wealthy merchants and bankers. The newly rich gained status by becoming ______________ of art and learning, giving money to artists in exchange for their artwork.
During the Middle Ages, scholars focused mostly on spirituality and
preparation for life in heaven. During the Renaissance, a cultural movement known as _______________ shifted the focus of learning toward creating a better life on Earth.
The liberal arts were seven subjects that ancient Greeks thought necessary for a good education. The increase of study of the liberal arts during the Renaissance reflects the viewpoint of __________________, the idea that religion does not have to be the center of human affairs.
True or False: Italian artist Benozzo Gozzoli was commissioned by the wealthy Medici family to paint a fresco in which members of the Medici family appear at Jesus' crucifixion as if they had attended the actual event.
The 20th century American artist, Norman Rockwell, was famous for
including himself in his paintings. This feature in painting, known as a "self-____________," became popular among artists during the Renaissance.
Renaissance art focused on the living world. Artists often used live models in order to draw or sculpt the human form in a realistic way. One technique that helped achieve more realism is called ____________________, which is a system for representing three-dimensional space on a flat surface.
The phrase ________________________, originally used to describe Leonardo da Vinci, is often used to describe someone who has many different talents.
For Leonardo da Vinci, true wisdom resulted only from constant, careful observation. This idea is reflected in the fact that da Vinci dissected dead bodies in order to better understand human ______________.
The famous Renaissance artist, Michelangelo, painted a series of frescoes in the ceiling of the _____________________ depicting the biblical history of the world with life-like images of the people of the Bible.
Renaissance architects modeled their works on the elements of classical Greek and Roman architecture--- the column, the round arch, and the dome. These designs were beautiful because of their _________________, a way of balancing the parts of a design to make a pleasing whole.
Dante Alighieri, William Shakespeare, and Miguel de Cervantes all wrote books in the ____________________, or spoken language of their countries.
In the Middle Ages, only the wealthy and educated people could read and write in Latin, while ordinary people spoke in vernacular, or everyday languages such as Italian or French. In the Renaissance, ______________ increased among ordinary people because more books were written in vernacular.
In 1450, Johann Gutenberg invented the printing press, which allowed books to be made at a much faster pace. The key feature of the printing press was __________________, in which individual letters formed in metal could be used again and again to form words, lines, and pages of text.
For centuries, the Church had formed people's ideas. But with the printing press and the ability to make books and broadsheets, ordinary people could start to express themselves. People began to ______________ institutions such as the Church.
One of the famous incidents of Church censorship involved the Italian astronomer Galileo, who violated Church doctrine when he stated that the sun, not the Earth, was the center of the solar system. In 1638, he was forced to _______________, or withdraw his statements, and he was forced to spend the rest of his life under house arrest.
True or False: Michelangelo was in his early 70s when during the
construction of St. Peter's Basilica, where he was the project manager. He also painted the frescoes on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel.
During the 4th Crusade, Catholic soldiers attacked the well protected city of ___________________, which had stored the classical Greek and Roman knowledge after the fall of the Roman Empire. Scholars fled this city and made their way to Italy, where they began to teach people about subjects such as philosophy, art, science, and law, among others.
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