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Terms in this set (22)
which of these findings might confirm or deny the diagnosis of cancer?
The cells from the left ovary had very small areas of cytoplasm, while the nuclei were large
If Salina indeed has cancer, what name might be given to the cancer?
Germ cell carcinoma of the ovary
Which of these might be the root cause of the cancer?
A mutation has occurred causing oncogenes to over produce proteins involved in cell division
What kind of test can be run to compare the gene expression of the two different cell samples?
What type of diagnostic imaging would be best to visual the size and location of the tumor?
If doctors wanted images to see if the tumor had spread to other locations in the body, what might they order?
What is it called when cancer spreads through the blood or lymph cells?
What does the DNA microarray measure?
The amount of mRNA for the p53 protein gene
In the microarray shown, gene c is highly over-expressed in the sample taken from tumor tissue. What can be said of gene B?
Gene B is highly under-expressed in the sample taken from tumor tissue?
What might have caused the mutation in the p53 gene?
Why might an oncologist order a CT scan for a cancer patient?
To plan radiation therapy, to discover where to perform the biopsy, evaluate if treatments are working
Which of these scenarios would make it inappropriate to run an MRI?
The patient had metal implants in their shoulder
What is osteosarcoma?
Cancer of the bone
What is the best way to respond to the new staff member?
Explain that cancers can metastasize to other organs in the body, but the cancer is still named after its origin, metastatic osteosarcoma in the liver
greater than one is ________ in tumors
less than one is _______ in tumors
equal to one
equal tumor and normal cells
not expressed in either
which scan does not use radiaiton
What do CT scans look at
brain and abdomen
What do MRIs look at
tendons, ligaments, brains
Bone scans look at
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