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63 terms

mr casey is ridiculous

these are vocabulary words for mr casey's current problems class. so there.
STUDY
PLAY
amnesty
the act of granting pardon to a large group of people
communism
an economic system in which the central government directs all major economic desicions
conservative
a person who believes government power, particularly economy, should be limited in order to maximize individual freedom
containment
the policy designed to keep the soviet union from expanding its power.
corporation
an organization that is authorized by law to carry on an activity but treated as though it were a single person.
downsizing
reducing a company in size by laying off workers and managers to become more efficient
fascism
a political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism and racism and has no tolerance for opposition
flexible response
the build up of conventional troups and weapons to allow a nation to fight a limited war without using nuclear weapons
impearialism
the actions used by one nation to excersise political or economic control of smaller or weaker nations
insurrection
an act of rebellion against the established government
internationalism
a national policy of activeoly trading with foreign contries to foster peace and prosperity
isolationism
the avoidance of involovement in world affairs
liberal
a person who generally believes the government should take an active role in the economy and in social programs but that the government should not dictate social behavior
nuclear proliferation
the spread of nuclear weapons to new nations
nullification
the failure or refusal of the US state to aid in the enforcement of federal laws within its state limits
political machine
an organization linked to a political party that often controls local government
self-determination
belief that people in a territory should have the ability to choose their own government
state sponsored terrorism
violent acts against civilians that are secretly supported by a government in order to attack other nations without going to war
subversion
a systematic attempt to overthrow a government by using persons working secretly from within
sufferage
the right to vote
capitalism
economic system in which private citizens own and use the factors of production in order generate profits
consumer price index
statistic that measures overall change in price or inflation over time
consumer sovereignty
the concept that the consumer is the ruler of the market
deregulation
relaxation of government regulation on industry
elasticity
a measure of responsiveness that tells us how a dependant variable such as quantity responds to an independent variable such as price
liquidity
ability to convert an asset into cash quickly
marginal utility
the extra uselfulness gained from consuming one more unit of a product
trade-off
alternatives that must be given up when one is chosen over another
bureaucracy
government administrators
civil society
a complex network of voluntary associations, economic groups, religious organizations, and other kinds of groups that exist independently from the government
constituent
a person who a member of congress has been elected to represent
democracy
a general description of a government in which the people rule
diplomacy
the art and practice of conducting negotiations between nations without arousing hostility
due process of law
principle in the 5th amendment stating that the government must follow proper constitutional procerdures in trials and in other actions it takes against induividuals
federalism
a system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
government
the institution through which the state maintains social order, provides public services, and enforces binding decisions on citizens
ideology
a set of basic beliefs about life, culture, government, and society
interest group
a group of people with common goals who organize to influence government
judicial review
the power of the supreme court to declare laws and actions of local, state, or national governments unconstitutional
jurisdiction
the authority, power, or right of a court to interpret or apply the law on certain cases.
lobbying
direct contact made by an interest group representative in order to persuade government officials to suppost the policies their interest group favors
naturalization
the legal process by which a person is granted citizenship
patronage
the practice of granting favors to reward party loyalties
political party
a group of individuals with broad common interests who organize to nominate candidates for office, win elections, conduct government, and determine public policy
politics
the effort to control or influence the conduct abnd policies of government
republic
a specific description of a government in which supreme power resides in a body of citizens entitled to vote and in exercised by elected officers and representatives responsible to them
aristocracy
an upper class whose wealth is based on land and whose power is passed on from one generation to another
autonomous
self governing
caste system
a set of rigid social categories that determine not only a person's occupation and economic potential, but also his or her position in society
dictator
an absolue ruler
disarmament
a limit or reduction in armed forces or weapons
dissident
a person who speaks against the regime in power
dynasty
a family line of rulers whose right to rule is passed on within the family
feudalism
a political and social system that developed during the middle ages; nobles offered protection and land in return for their services
heresy
thoughts and ideas that are contrary to the teachings of the christian faith
middle passage
the middle portion of the triangular trade that broght african slaves to the americas
nationalism
the unique cultural identity of a people based on common language, religion, and national symbols.
natural rights
the idea that all humans are born with rights, which include the right to life, liberty, and property
secular
a view point void of religious thought or considerations
social contract
the idea that an entire society agrees to be governed by its general will
socialism
a system in which society, usually in the form of government, owns and controls the means of production
totalitarian
a government that aims to control the political, economic, social, intellectual, and cultural lives of its citizens
urban
of or located in the city