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Pediatric Neurological and Cognitive Disorders
Terms in this set (16)
What is the most common permanent physical disability in kids?
What is Cerebral Palsy normally caused by?
What are causes of cerebral palsy?
traumatic brain injury
Classifications of Cerebral Palsy?
What is the most common type of cerebral palsy?
Common medications for Cerebral Palsy
Histamine H2 Agonists & PPI's
abnormal accumulation of fluid (CSF) in the brain
types of hydrocephalus
NPH (nl ICP, ↓reabsorption)
ex vacuo (brain atrophy, nl ICP)
Causes of hydrocephalus
Result of developmental defects
Usually apparent in early infancy
Other causes include neoplasms, infection, and trauma
Often associated with myelomeningocele
Common causes of meningitis
Group B strep
potentially serious or deadly disorder in children that is characterized by vomiting and confusion.
What does Reye's syndrome affect?
Primarily affects brain (cerebral edema) and liver (fatty changes)
Assessment findings of Reye's Syndrome
History of viral illness
prolonged bleeding times
Most common form of Spina Bifida
anencephaly cerebrum and cerebellum are absent
Types of Spina Bifida
spina bifida occulta, meningocele, myelomeningocele
Causes of Spina Bifida
Nutrient deficiency of folic acid
Can be detected in utero by alpha-feto protein or AFP
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