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28 terms

English Final (?)

STUDY
PLAY
allusion
lit. device- a reference to something literary, mythological, or historical that the author assumes the reader will recognize.
aside
a line spoken by an actor to the audience but not intended for others on the stage
carpe diem
"Seize the day"; a Latin phrase implying that one must live for the present moment, for tomorrow may be too late.
direct characterization
the method of character development in which the author simply tells what the character is like.
indirect characterization
the writer reveals information about a character and his personality through that character's thought, words, and actions.
climax
the point in a story or play in which the internal and external conflicts reach the greatest intensity.
conceit
lit. device- a fanciful expression, usually in the form of an extended metaphor or surprising analogy between seemingly dissimilar objects.
couplet
two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme.
consonance
lit. device- repetition of consonant sounds within words.
internal conflict
a struggle between opposing needs, desires, or emotions within a single character.
external conflict
a character struggles against some outside force: another character, society as a whole, or some natural force.
denouement
the final resolution of the main complication of a literary or dramatic work.
dialect
lit. device- the usage of vocabulary that is characteristic of a specific group of people.
Elizabethan drama
genre of theatre originating in England during the latter half of the 16th Century, being written and performed chiefly during the reign of Queen Elizabeth. It includes the works of William Shakespeare (his historical plays and comedies as well as his tragedies).
exposition
introductory material which gives the setting, creates the tone, presents the characters, and presents other facts necessary to understanding a story.
falling action
events in a literary or dramatic work after the climax, leading to the denouement.
figurative language
writing or speech that is not intended to carry literal meaning and is usually meant to be imaginative and vivid (metaphors, similes, etc.)
foreshadowing
lit. device- the use of hints and clues to suggest what will happen later in a plot.
iambic pentameter
a common meter in poetry consisting of an unrhymed line with five feet or accents, each foot containing an unaccented syllable and an accented syllable.
imagery
lit. device- the use of language to evoke a picture or a concrete sensation of a person, thing, place, or experience.
irony
lit. device- incongruity between what might be expected and what actually occurs. witty language used to convey insults or scorn.
metaphor
lit. device- a figure of speech comparing to unlike things without using like or as.
octave
a rhythmic group of eight lines of verse.
ode
a long, lyrical poem that is addressed to an object or person.
paradox
a statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.
paraphrasing
rewriting or restating another person's ideas or thoughts into your own words.
personification
lit. device- figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, attitudes, or abilities.
persuasi
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