Terms in this set (45)
Ethan Allen captured fort and artillery-->weapons dragged to Boston, forced evacuation of British troops
won by British but they lost 1000+ men, militia could hold own against world's most powerful army
hoped to defeat the British and get Canadians involved...got there in winter, harsh conditions, attack failed
those who wanted to split from the Crown
those who supported the British
force of armed civilians who pledged to defend the community. Minutemen were trained to be ready to act on a minute's notice.
Ethan Allen/Green Mountain Boys
captured Ft. Ticonderoga and the artillery
Second Continental Congress
agreed to form the Continental Army and was authorized to print paper money
Olive Branch Petition
letter asking King to restore peace, rejected by the King...in response, he blocked ports and sent Hessians
King George III
King of England during the conflict
British General...was also appointed governor of MA during the Intolerable Acts
General of the Continental Army
British officer, brought troops south
British General at Bunker Hill
Part of the Battles of Quebec and Ticonderoga...later gave away secrets to the British army-->traitor!
written by Thomas Paine, convinced Americans to break free from Britain
Richard Henry Lee's Resolution
called colonies free and independent states and should dissolve from Britain, passed after much debate
Declaration of Independence
written by Thomas Jefferson to King George. Explained the reason for the break. Hancock was the first to sign it
Battle of New York
Won by Britain...NY was a British/Loyalist stronghold
Battle of Trenton
Continental Army surprised the Hessians, Continental victory
from VA, wrote the Declaration
professional soldier paid to fight...a Hessian is an example.
dressed as a man, enlisted, and fought in a few battles
President of the Continental Congress, first to sign the D of I
Battle of Princeton
won by the Americans, 8 days after Trenton...showed Britain that Washington was good...also attracted new recruits
Battle of Saratoga
series of battles won by the Americans. British were exhausted and w/o supplies. Led to Arnold becoming a traitor. Turning point in the Revolution, Europeans thought Americans may win.
location of winter encampment 1777-1778. Troops lacked shoes, supplies...a symbol of great hardship overcome. 1/4 died from disease, malnutrition, exposure
British post on the Mississippi River. Captured without a fight.
Lost to British-->used it as a base to conquer GA
American General, formed Southern Army after Saratoga victory
George Rogers Clark
frontiersman-->captured British posts, was successful
Baron von Steuben
helped soldiers become skilled fighting force. Taught soldiers to use bayonets
King of France, recognized American independence after saratoga, sent supplies to the Americans and also persuaded Spain to help.
George Rogers Clark victory, gave Americans a hold on the Great Lakes and the Ohio River
a war ship attacked by John Paul Jones. It was a 3 1/2 hour battle won by JPJ. He sailed away in this boat after his own sank.
Battle of Charlestown
Americans were defeated, lost most of the Southern army
Battle of Camden
Americans lost, men weren't in condition to fight, American spirits fell.
Battle of Kings Mountain
was a British slaughter, one of the first British losses in the South.
Marquis de Lafayette
French nobleman who used own $$ to buy clothing for the American troops. He persuaded Louis XVI to send troops
Baron de Kalb
German officer who served in the French army. Was one of Washington's generals and was very brave. Died at Camden.
British General, set up base in Yorktown
small bands of fighters who used surprise hit and run tactics.
John Paul Jones
won sea battle, captained the Bonhomme Richard, inspired Americans
final battle, French arrived and trapped the British and the British surrendered
Treaty of Paris
ended the war, had several parts, neither side really followed through