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Terms in this set (50)
the vast grassy plains of Argentina and Uruguay
a high plain centered in Bolivia
flat strips of level land
the greatest of the Sapa Incas was (Pachacuti) who took power in 1438. Using Military force and diplomacy, he began to expand the Inca realm.
is the management of communication and relationships between peoples or nations.
The last great Sapa Inca. Who gained power
In 1493. By this time, the Incas ruled a prosperous empire. Made peace among ethnic groups, and died in 1525.
How did farmers grow crops in the Andes?
by farming lands along rivers, also developed techniques to expand farming to hillside. Main food crop was corn. Large terraces and irrigation canals.
How did Pachacuti expand the empire?
by using military force and diplomacy. He also used intimidation techniques. He prefered the peaceful way which was diplomacy. If that did not work he went to military force.
What problems would have happened in the geography and extent of the Inca empire?
weather changes, communication, travel, trading, farming, building and govern.
What resources did the Andean people have?
stone, gold, fish, beans, cotton, and an abundance of meat. Plus precious materials.
Why did Andean people require advance farming techniques?
agriculture was the key to the growth of civilization in Andes. It also helped them have a great farmland with livestock and delicious foods. Land was steep, rocky and dry.
Who was the greatest Sapa Inca?
What traits made him a successful empire builder?
Wits. Started a peacefully, ruthless person, and used diplomacy.
is a system for ranking members of a group according to their importance.
was a group of related families that lived together
owned and managed by the government for public use
paying taxes from doing labor such as building roads and bridges
religious teachings and practices
How did farmers and commoners support the Inca government?
they had little trade but they also gave part of the lands/crops to the government. Commoners gave public service as tax: mita.
why was inti the most important god?
the Incas believed they were descended from Inti and owned him special worship. He was the Sun God. He was patrons of empires and conquest. He also had to bring harvest.
How was the land owned and divided?
by communal property which was owned and managed by the government for the public use. The state divided the land into three parts, government, priests, religion and one for ayllu.
How did the Incas view their ruler?
by believing that they descended from the god and that they owned the god in a special worship. Ruler could communicate with God. He was also honored as a living god.
the management of government or business
a record-keeping device made of knotted strings
government that takes responsibility for the well-being of its Citizens
How was the Inca empire like a welfare state?
the Inca lived with strict controls, any violations led to strict punishments. The Incas generally respected authority and obeyed law. They all wanted the people to follow the three words which were do not steal, do not be lazy and do not lie.
How did the system of inca roads help tie together the inca empire?
it made it easier for soldiers to travel easier from place to place, messengers who had things to say, could give the information quicker. House provided food and lodging for Inca travelers.
How do we know what the ancient textiles look like?
we can go to museums or art exhibits and she uses the textiles in real life then in videos. They still produce beautiful textiles using ancient techniques and designs. Historians can look at those textiles and tell us what it is.
Why was the Quipu an important key tool?
it recorded the keeping device that was made of knotted strings. Recorded the amount of goods they had.
How did the information from quipus help the government run the empire?
it recorded numbers of people and goods. It also used data to organize the population. It also separated the empire into Ilu.
Why did the Incas build a road system?
The Incas built a road system to tie together the empire, terraces, ridges and road systems, bark building out of stones and vast things.
What were the Incas considered?
they built things that worked and everyone loved it. They were compared to ancient Roman engineers. They were able to make long and lasting weapons.
Who was the last greatest Sapa Inca?
Who was Viracocha?
creator god and culture hero
Who was Apu Illapa
the rain god
What did Inca rituals include?
elaborate forms of divination and the sacrifice of human and animals.
What did the Incas build for farming?
They built cisterns and irrigation canals that snaked and angled down and around the mountains. And they cut terraces into the hillsides, progressively steeper, from the valleys up the slopes.
What foods did the Incas developed?
They developed resilient breeds of crops such as potatoes, quinoa and corn. Corn was the main food.
The Incas build many things, but the main things they needed was what?
Roads. ... A communications network. ...An accounting system. ...Terraces. ...Freeze drying. ...Brain surgery. ...An effective government. .and ..Rope bridges.
What did the Incas do for work?
warriors, herders, fishermen, craftemen, weavers, sorcerers, and chosen women.
Why was the human settlement hard?
because of high elevation, rocky terrain, and cold weather.
What were the three nobles of the social classes?
nobles by birth, nobles by appointment, and nobles by curacas.
What did commoners do?
divided by age and gender
Worshipped many what?
What did they performed to win the gods favor?
build large structures out of stone without mortar or cement
What kind of meltas did they use?
gold and silver
What kind of textiles did they have?
cotton, alpaca, and vicuna
What was the purpose of irrigation canals?
to make sure whole empire had clean water, and they carried water to the terraces.
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