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Aice International History Ch 4 all terms
Esparra, AICE, vocab, NPHS. stop get some help (DISCLAIMER if you want to copy these for vocab my score was a 19/20 some could use more detail but if your fine with that score have fun)
Terms in this set (40)
form of government in which a state is ruled by representatives of the citizen body. country is considered a "public matter", not the private concern or property of the rulers.
a form of government in which the people have the authority to choose their governing legislators. The people directly deliberate and decide on legislation.
a strong leader able to exercise military, economic, and political control over a subnational territory within a sovereign state because of their ability to mobilize loyal armed forces.
a family or line of rulers, a succession of sovereigns of a country belonging to a single family or tracing their descent to a common ancestor. Most common in china.
a position removal or execution of people who are considered undesirable by those in power from a government, another organization, their team leaders, or society as a whole.
Was a powerful, Western-style Imperial Chinese Army established by the Qing Dynasty government in the late 19th century. It was the centerpiece of a general reconstruction of Qing China's military system.
dynasty that came to power in China in the seventeenth century and that greatly expanded China's control in Asia. The dynasty was overthrown in 1911. last of the imperial dynasties of China.
signed on 13 December 1921 by the United States, Great Britain, France, and Japan. Sought to eliminate the development of rival blocs in East Asia, as well as to preserve the territorial sovereignty of the signatories' holdings in the Pacific.
Four Power Treaty
1922 treaty affirming the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Republic of China as per the Open Door Policy.
Nine Power Treaty
a Chinese statesman, physician, and political philosopher, who served as the provisional first president of the Republic of China and the first leader of the Kuomintang
a Chinese military and government official who rose to power during the late Qing dynasty, becoming the Emperor of the Empire of China. He tried to save the dynasty with a number of modernization projects.
a Chinese Nationalist politician, revolutionary and military leader who served as the leader of the Republic of China between 1928 and 1975.
was a Hakka Chinese revolutionary who was the leader of the Taiping Rebellion against the Qing Dynasty. He established the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom over varying portions of southern China.
was a Chinese communist revolutionary who was the founder of the People's Republic of China, which he ruled as the chairman of the CCP from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976.
was an anti-imperialist, cultural, and political movement which grew out of student and teachers protests in Beijing on 4 May 1919.
May the Fourth Movement
referred to as the Chinese Nationalist Party is a major political party in the Republic of China throughout its historical periods in both the Chinese mainland as well as Taiwan, which was reorganized and transitioned to the current form since 1919.
developed by Sun Yat-sen as part of a philosophy to make China a free, prosperous, and powerful state. Summarized as nationalism, democracy, and the livelihood of the people.
was a movement in China in the 1910s-1920s that criticized classical Chinese ideas and promoted a new Chinese culture based upon western ideals like democracy and science.
New Culture Movement
Anti-Western Nationalist Party that rests on the ideas of land reform and marxist ideals, which appeals to the large peasant population and enacts never before seen social reforms.
Chinese Communist Party
was a military retreat undertaken by the Red Army of the CCP, the forerunner of the People's Liberation Army, to evade the pursuit of the KMT army.
The Long March
KMT attempt to gain control of China from Warlords
Initiated by General Jiang Jieshi, it entailed the massacre of around 250,000 communists, trade unionists, and peasant leaders throughout China.
was the military arm of the KMT from 1925 until 1947 in the Republic of China.
National Revolutionary Army
was the armed forces of the CCP from 1928 -1937. It was incorporated into the National Revolutionary Army as part of the Second United Front with the KMT to fight against the Japanese during the Second Sino-Japanese War of 1937.
Red Army of China
a public declaration of policy and aims, especially one issued before an election by a political party or candidate.
was a massive rebellion or civil war that was waged in China from 1850 to 1864, between the established Qing dynasty and the theocratic Taiping Heavenly Kingdom.
An individual who takes part in military conflict for personal profit, is otherwise an outsider to the conflict, and is not a member of any other official military. They fight for money or other forms of payment rather than for political interests.
a violent uprising against an authority or government.
military government, involving the suspension of ordinary law.
the social class of wage-earners, those members of a society whose only possession of significant economic value is their labor power.
was the 124th emperor of Japan according to the traditional order of succession, ruling over the Empire of Japan from 25 December 1926 until 2 May 1947, after which he was Emperor of the state of Japan until his death.
a Japanese politician and general of the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) who served as Prime Minister of Japan and President of the Imperial Rule Assistance Association for most of World War II.
Gen. Hideki Tojo
a Japanese Marshal Admiral of the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) and the commander-in-chief of the Combined Fleet during World War II until his death.
Adm. Isoroku Yamamoto
a term in foreign affairs initially used to refer to the policy established in the late 19th century and the early 20th century that would allow for a system of trade in China open to all countries equally.
Open Door Policy
The lower house of the Japanese Parliament, sat in 1890
conflict between the Qing dynasty of China and the Empire of Japan in 1885 primarily over influence in Joseon Korea.
was signed in Nanjing on August 21, 1937, between the Republic of China and the Soviet Union during the Second Sino-Japanese War. Agreed not to fight for next 10 years.
Sino-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact
was one of the main Japanese fighting forces during the Second Sino-Japanese War from 1937. Army became the largest and most prestigious command in the Imperial Japanese Army,
A surprise attack launched with the stated intention of countering an anticipated enemy offensive.
Attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service upon the United States against the naval base at Pearl Harbor in Honolulu, Territory of Hawaii.
Pearl Harbor Strike
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