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1970s and Vietnam
A decade of protest and change
Terms in this set (42)
Lyndon B. Johnson
1963-1969, Democrat , signed the civil rights act of 1964 into law and the voting rights act of 1965. He had a war on poverty in his agenda. Wanted the nation to be a "Great Society." Credibility gap in Vietnam.
a prolonged war (1954-1975) between the communist armies of the North who were supported by the Chinese and the non-communist armies of the South who were supported by the United States.
Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese leader who is responsible for ousting first the French, then the United States from his country. Supported by both communist China and the Soviet Union.
South Vietnamese Communists who began a guerrilla war against the government of South Vietnam.
A theory that if one nation comes under Communist control, then neighboring nations will fall under Communist control like a row of dominions.
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
1964 Congressional resolution authorizing President Johnson to take military action in Vietnam after American ships were attacked in the Gulf of Tonkin.
Capital city of South Vietnam, captured by the Vietcong in 1968.
A war hero of Vietnam, who had been presented with the Congressional Medal of Honor by Reagan.
type of fighting in which soldiers use swift hit-and-run attacks against the enemy.
The army of South Vietnam took over the brunt of the fighting, allowing U.S troops to withdraw.
Nixon's Vietnam Policy
Included Vietnamization, invading Cambodia, and negotiation with China and the Soviet Union to put pressure on North Vietnam.
They protested the Vietnam War with marches and demonstrations. Men burned their draft cards or fled to Mexico and Canada in order to not serve in the war.
A phrase used to describe people, whatever their economic status, who uphold traditional values, especially against the counterculture of the 1960s.
Fall of Saigon
1975, the capital of South Vietnam fell to the army of North Vietnam. Marked the end of the Vietnam War.
War Powers Resolution
A law passed in 1973 spelling out the conditions under which the president can commit troops without congressional approval. Reversed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution.
Ngo Dinh Diem
President of South Vietnam from 1954 to 1963; his repressive regime caused the Communist Viet Cong to thrive in the South. He was killed in a coup in 1963.
Ohio University where 4 students were killed by National Guardsmen after violent protesting of the Vietnam War.
1968, Viet Cong and North Vietnamese Army raiding forces attacked South Vietnam, even seizing the U.S. embassy for a time. U.S. opinion began turning against the war.
The year that contained a series of shocks; the assassinations of Martin Luther King Jr. and Robert Kennedy; Tet Offensive; Democratic convention riot; urban riots
Ended the Vietnam War, Opened China, created the Environmental Protection Agency, SALT and new policy of détente between US and Soviet Union; Watergate scandal: became first and only president to resign
Tinker v. Des Moines
The case that ruled that students do not lose Constitutional rights when they enter school; Black armbands in school is free speech, protected by 1st amendment
Wisconsin v. Yoder
Amish parents challenged a law that children must attend school until they are 16. Court found it violated freedom of Religion in the 1st Amendment.
Environmental Protection Act (EPA)
An agency of the federal government created in 1970 and charged with keeping our air and water clean.
Endangered Species Act
Authorizes the determination and listing of species as endangered or threatened and prohibits the unauthorized killing, possession, sale and transport of those species.
A lessening of Cold War tensions between U.S. and Soviet Union. Included disarming missiles to insure a lasting peace between superpowers.
The illegal break-in at the Democratic National Committee offices in 1972 by members of President Nixon's reelection campaign staff. Nixon resigned from the presidency.
(1974-1977) Becomes President after Nixon's resignation. He pardoned Nixon of all crimes that he may have committed. Rapid inflation begins during his tenure. He runs again and loses to Jimmy Carter.
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries in the Middle East and Latin America. Placed an oil embargo on the U.S. in the 1970s leading to rising gasoline prices.
(1977-1981), Created the Department of Energy and the Department of Education. He was criticized for his return of the Panama Canal Zone. Iran Hostage crisis, and fuel shortages, which caused him to lose to Ronald Reagan in the next election.
Camp David Accords
(1978) were negotiated at the presidential retreat of Camp David by Egypt and Israel they were brokered by U.S. President Jimmy Carter. They led to a peace treaty between Israel and Egypt.
Iran Hostage Crisis
In November 1979, revolutionaries stormed the American embassy in Tehran and held over 60 Americans hostage. The Carter administration tried unsuccessfully to negotiate for the hostages release. On January 20, 1981, the day Carter left office, Iran released the Americans, ending their 444 days in captivity.
An action by the House of Representatives to accuse the president, vice president, or other civil officers of the United States of committing "Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors."
Equal Rights Amendment
1972; a proposed Constitutional Amendment prohibiting discrimination based on sex. It passed Congress, but was not ratified by the states. Conservative interest groups fought against it.
The United States obtained full ownership in the canal in 1914. Many Panamanians resented having their nation split in half by a foreign power. President Carter signed a treaty which turned ownership of the canal over to Panama effective on December 31, 1999. The public disapproved with the treaty.
SALT I Treaty
Strategic Arms Limitation Talks- An agreement between the US and USSR that limited the number of intercontinental ballistic missiles each country could have. An example of détente.
Lowered the voting age from 21 to 18 because it was unfair that those eligible for draft were not eligible to vote.
Pardoning of Richard Nixon
New President Gerald Ford pardons Nixon for his involvement in Watergate scandal. Ford lost popular support.
A period during the 1970s of slow economic growth and high unemployment (stagnation) while prices rise (inflation).
Economic crisis of 1973 that occurred when OPEC nations refused to export oil to the U.S. due to America's support of Israel over Palestine. Ensuing economic crisis plagued Gerald Ford's time in office.
Community Reinvestment Act
Congress passed the Act in 1977 to reduce discriminatory practices by banks against low-income neighborhoods so that minority groups could receive loans and credit.
Nixon visited in 1972, leading to the opening of diplomatic relations and the possibility of trade. It also put pressure on the Soviet Union to negotiate with the US.
A public distrust of statements made by the government.
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