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Vocab #28 Define Civil Rights Movement
This list contains terms associated with the Civil Rights Movement.
Terms in this set (15)
Civil Rights Movement
Movement in the United States beginning in the 1960s and led primarily by Blacks in an effort to establish the civil rights of individual Black citizens
A nonviolent, public refusal to obey allegedly unjust laws.
African American civil rights activist whose 1955 refusal to give up her seat to a white person led to the Montgomery, Alabama bus boycott and helped launch the civil rights movement
Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil rights leader who advocated civil disobedience and nonviolent demonstrations to achieve change; founded Southern Christian Leadership Conference, led Montgomery Alabama bus boycott, and Selma to Montgomery voting rights march; gave "I Have a Dream" speech; won Nobel Peace Prize; assassinated in 1968
Leader of the 1960's Black Power movement; assassinated in 1965
Montgomery Bus Boycott
The black population of Montgomery, Alabama refused to ride buses for a year, protesting segregation. Sparked by Rosa Parks.
A series of political protests against segregation by Blacks and Whites who rode buses together through the American South in 1961
March on Washington
Held in 1963 to show support for the Civil Rights Bill in Congress. Martin Luther King gave his famous "I have a dream..." speech. 250,000 people attended the rally
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Law under Johnson that made segregation illegal in all public facilities.
Voting Rights Act of 1965
A law designed to help end barriers to African American suffrage. (grandfather clause, literacy tests)
Amendment to the U.S. Constitution eliminated the poll tax as a prerequisite to vote in national elections.
Heart of Atlanta Motel v. US
Enforced the Civil Rights Act of 1964 which made racial discrimination by places of public accommodation illegal
A policy designed to give special compensation to a previously disadvantaged group.
Regents of the University of California v. Bakke
Schools can't use admission quotas and admit students solely on the bias of their race.
Not regular or predictable; erratic
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