Had almost 4 times as many free citizens
Defending their homeland gave them a strong reason to fight
Had many people to grow food and to work in factories making supplies
Had skills that made them good soldiers
Had more than 70% of the nation's rail lines
Many of the best officers in the United States were from the South
Had a strong navy and a large fleet of private trading ships
Had few factories to produce weapons, railroad tracts, and other supplies
Northern soldiers had to conquer a huge area to bring the South back into the Union
Had few railroads to move troops and vital supplies
They were invading unfamiliar land
The South had a small population, about 9 million lived in the Confederacy and 22 million in the Union
More than 1/3rd of the population was enslaved; therefore they had fewer people that could be soldiers
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again
Reload the page to try again!
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.