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Ch 17 AP Euro Review - Marsh
These questions are pretty straight-forward this chapter and there shouldn't be any surprises. With that said, if you'd like for me to expand on one of these answers, just leave a comment.
Terms in this set (50)
The scientist-philosopher who provides a link between the scientists of the 17th century and the philosophes of the next was
Enlightened thinkers can be understood as secularists because they strongly recommended
the application of the scientific method to the analysis and understanding of all aspects of human life.
Immanuel Kant, a German philosopher, defined the Enlightenment as
"man's leaving his self-caused immaturity."
European intellectual life in the eighteenth century was marked by the emergence of
secularization and a search to find the natural laws governing human life.
The works of Fontenelle announce the Enlightenment because they
popularize a growing skepticism toward the claims of religion.
A major inspiration for travel literature in the eighteenth century were the Pacific Ocean adventures of
Denying Descartes' belief in innate ideas, John Locke argued that every person was born with
a blank slate.
The French philosophes
were literate intellectuals who meant to change the world through reason and rationality.
Isaac Newton and John Locke
provided inspiration for the Enlightenment by arguing that through rational reasoning and the acquisition of knowledge one could discover natural laws governing all aspects of human society.
The French philosophes mostly included people from
the nobility and the middle class.
In The Spirit of the Laws, Montesquieu argued that the best political system in a modern society is one where
power is divided between the three branches of government.
The recognized capital of the Enlightenment was
A key type of enlightened writing fueling skepticism about the "truths" of Christianity and European society was
travel reports and comparative studies of old and new world cultures.
The leader of the Physiocrats and their advocacy of natural economic laws was
Voltaire was best known for his criticism of
An early female philosophe who published a translation of Newton's Principia and who was the mistress of Voltaire was
the Marquise du Chatelet.
Deism is the belief that
God created the universe but does not actively run it.
The purpose of Diderot's encyclopedia, according to him, was to
change the general way of thinking.
The belief in natural laws underlying all areas of human life led to
the social sciences.
Diderot's most famous contribution to the Enlightenment's battle against religious fanaticism, intolerance, and prudery was his
28-volume Encyclopedia compiling articles by many influential philosophes.
Adam Smith believed that government
should not interfere in people's economic decisions.
The author of The Progress of the Human mind and who became a victim of the French Revolution was
Who said that individuals "will forced to be free"?
Montesquieu's Persian Letters
was a method that allowed him to criticize the Catholic Church and the French monarchy.
For Rousseau, the "general will" was
a social consensus to which the individual must bow.
For Rousseau, what was the source of inequality and the chief cause of crimes?
Rousseau's influential novel, Emile, deals with these key Enlightenment themes:
proper child rearing and human education.
literary-minded gatherings where advanced ideas were discussed.
The strongest statement and vindication of women's rights during the Enlightenment was made by
The Rococo artistic style of the eighteenth century was
evident in the masterpieces of Balthasar Neumann.
Choose the correct relationship between the Rococo artist and his work.
Antoine Watteau - Reture from Cythera
Johann Sebastian Bach
produced religious music as a way to worship God.
European music in the later eighteenth century was well characterized by
Haydn and Mozart, who shifted the musical center from Italy to Germany to the Austrian Empire.
Which eighteenth-century composer was considered most innovative and wrote the opera, The Marriage of Figaro?
Eighteenth-century writers, especially in England, used this new form of literary expression to attack the hypocrisies of the era and provide sentimental entertainment to growing numbers of readers:
The English writer who argued in A Serious Proposal to the Ladies that women should become better educated was
The French Rococo painter who portrayed the aristocratic life as refined, sensual, and civilized was
The growth of reading and publishing in the 18th century was aided and characterized by the development of
magazines for the general public.
High culture in the eighteenth-century Europe was characterized by the
enormous impact of the publishing industry.
The eighteenth century musical composition that has been called one of those rare works that appeal immediately to everyone, and yet is indisputably a masterpiece of the highest order is
A less brutal approach to justice and punishment in the eighteenth century is associated with
Concerning the European legal system, by the end of the eighteenth century
corporal and capital punishment were on the decline.
The punishment of crime in the eighteenth century was often
public and very gruesome.
Carnival was celebrated in the weeks leading up to
A cheap and popular alcoholic drink in eighteenth century England was
instances of massacring and looting of Jewish communities.
In eighteenth-century Europe, churches, both Catholic and Protestant,
still played a major role in social and spiritual areas.
The Jews of eighteenth-century Europe
won the right to publicly practice of their religion in Austria with Joseph II's Toleration Patent of 1781.
The religious denomination founded by John Wesley in England to provide a more emotionally fulfilling religious alternative to the Church of England was
In reaction to significant elements of rationalism and deism, in what two countries did some ordinary Protestant churchgoers chose new religious movements?
England and Germany
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