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Terms in this set (47)

Romanticism; Neoclassicism (sub style); Neoclassical is an attempt to purity and political achievements of ancient Rome
Represents early foundations
Rejects frivolous intimate scenes, return back to the classical past and stripping down the composition to an architectural setting
Most important French neoclassical painter
Reign of Napoleon
Studied in France?
Attempted to rediscover the symbols of the classical past and present context
Based on 17th century drama based on a classical story
Moment where three brothers have taken a pledge (father handing them their swords) and are attacked by a rival group
Pledge to protect Rome; Roman setting, columns and arches
Clear sense of linear arrangements
Image of masculinity
Royal commission by King Louis 16th
King really felt that art should serve a public purpose
Appropriated by those who were rebelling against the monarchy
Symbol for the french revolution
Sense of bravery and political message within the painting
Sense that they are thrusting their arms forward, sense of power, bravery, masculinity
The women are shown weeping and distraught
The women really contrast the male figures, they are painted in a softer color, shown with sense of anguish and emotion and stereotypical view of feminine emotion as opposed to the gallant bravery and upright posture as they are facing to march into battle
It was painted before the revolution broke out but began to be used as a living painting - history painting - showing a historical past
Painting began to be reused by the revolutionaries who drew inspiration from it
They wanted to establish their own republic
Convincing look on what ancient Rome actually looked like
Accurately recreates what it would look like
Classical style that comes back with a vengeance
Most famous work
Tragedies of modern life
Very large scaled painting
Source of education and a form of entertainment
Medusa was a french boat and ran aground and capsized along the coast of West Africa
The life boats had room for about half the passengers
Somebody had to assemble a life raft out of the wood planks
The raft the lower members of crew were left to fend for themselves
The upper members claimed they were going to tow the life raft but they cut the rope and left them adrift in the middle of the ocean
A lot of people on the raft died, about 15 people were rescued
This issue was silenced and one of the people went to the press a year later
Pointed statement over life under Napoleon
Corruption took place
Moment in this event where they appear to be signaling something in the distance
Apex of composition is the figure that is waving something in the air
The figure on the left side is completely distraught, father holding the body of his dead son
Not very common for an artist to depict a current event of this time
Opposed to the institution of slavery
Transatlantic slave trade
Includes an African at the top of the apex of this composition
Worked on this for about 2 years
Able to speak to the survivor of the crew who built the raft
Indebted to the history of religious painting
Drawing on some of the tenants of the baroque style
Distorted and twisted bodies
Muscular and nudity and diagonal sweep, sense of drama, body types are very similar, contrast between light and dark
Range of emotion and action
Not entirely realistic
So dramatized
Sweep of diagonal composition
Romanticism is this moment where artists are looking at real events but working through the conventions of the older paintings
Directly confronted by this gruesome event