Terms in this set (54)
a document that serves as proof of an academic or training accomplishment. When people earn certificates, it proves that they have the professional qualifications necessary to perform a job.
the process of becoming certified and earning a certificate.
Some of the positions in health care that require certification include: medical transcriptionist and medical assistant. Nurses can also become certified to specialize in certain areas of nursing
an official credential that demonstrates expertise in a particular field of study. It is a more advanced credential than a certificate, but also serves to reflect a person's qualifications for a job.
the process of getting a license. People who become licensed have more freedom to practice their work on their own, but they also have the choice to work for employers.
Doctors and medical engineers are examples of licensed professions in health care
What is licensure?
Licensure is the process of becoming licensed.
What does getting your certification prove?
It proves that you have the skills and knowledge to do a job.
an organization that oversees career requirements and is responsible for regulating various issues that pertain to the career.
Which of the following typically regulate the certification process? (Check all of the boxes that apply)
To earn your license, you must take and pass a a licensing test. However, in order to qualify for the licensing test, you must have the necessary educational background needed to become licensed in your profession. In addition to passing the licensing test, you must also complete a licensing application, which consists of paperwork.
Licensure is an official process since licenses are issued by state governments. The details of which specific jobs require licensure vary from state to state, as do the requirements to obtain the licensure.
Licenses are issued by:
Certification and Licensure Renewals
Many states and certifying organizations require that certificates and licenses be renewed periodically. This is to ensure that a certified or licensed professional is up to date on the latest skills, knowledge, and requirements.
When you earn a certificate or get a license, the certificate or license is only considered active for a certain time period, which is listed on the official document. Before the certificate or license expires, the person must follow the recertification or relicensing process for getting updated documents.
Continuing education (CE)
the ongoing education and professional development available to professionals in health care.
continuing education units (CEUs)
In order to renew certificates and licenses, people often have to prove that they continued learning and adding to their professional development by earning this.
Each profession has a set number of CEU hours that are needed for recertification or relicensing. For instance, nurses may need 48 CEU hours every two years.
CEUs can be obtained through professional seminars, college courses, or documentation of on-the-job experience. After completing the CE course, you receive a certificate or document that says how many CEU hours you earned.
Part of earning a certificate or becoming licensed involves staying on top of your credentials to keep them current. If you let your certificate or license expire, then you will not be allowed to work until the certificate or license is renewed.
There are different renewal requirements and processes, depending on where you live. Most states require people to submit their CEU documentation, an application, and a fee payment. In some cases, it may be necessary to retake the certification or licensure exam.
Which of the following are reasons why people earn continuing education units (CEUs)? (Check all of the boxes that apply)
-to continue learning new things in their field
-to keep their licenses current
-to get their certifications renewed
the act of deceptive medical practice. Practicing medicine without a license is an example of medical fraud. Medical fraud is illegal, and people can face penalties, such as imprisonment, for committing these crimes, especially when their actions cause medical malpractice.
a medical error or oversight that results from a healthcare professional not doing an acceptable job of providing medical attention, to the point that a patient is harmed.
The 10th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution
gives each state the power to make laws governing its residents, as long as those laws do not violate the U.S. Constitution.
The 10th Amendment impacts health care because it means that each state has the right to make laws that affect patients, medical practice, and the requirements for healthcare careers. In other words, under the 10th Amendment each state can determine the laws and requirements for certification and licensure.
If a person pretends to have a medical license, but really does not, this is an example of _______.
If a person practices medical fraud, it can lead to _________.
When someone causes medical malpractice, that individual can be ___________ as part of the legal penalty.
Medical Practice Act
the state law that governs the practice of medicine
Although each state's Medical Practice Act may differ, they generally contain:
a definition of what it means to practice medicine.
a list of the laws and standards within the practice of medicine.
an explanation of the licensing examination requirements.
an explanation of disciplinary actions (legal penalties), should any violations occur.
For example, in the state of Florida, the Medical Practice Act says that doctors must keep the address of their primary place of practice current, and if a doctor moves, the doctor must notify the state so that the address can be updated in the state's system.`
Patient's Bill of Rights
an outline of what patients are entitled to with regards to their medical care.
The Patient's Bill of Rights was established by the American Hospital Association in 1973. Some of the rights adopted through the Patient's Bill of Rights include the right to confidentiality, the right to choose a doctor and hospital, and the right to receive fair treatment. Anyone who works in health care must respect patients' rights, or risk patients filing complaints or taking legal action.
A state defines its disciplinary actions for medical practice violations through its:
Medical Practice Act
the process of verifying a healthcare worker's certificate or license to make sure it is valid and current.
This process is performed internally at healthcare organizations, by personnel who are hired to perform credentialing duties. Sometimes, however, credentialing is handled by people in human resources departments.
Credentialing is the first level of oversight of healthcare workers with regards to certification or licensure.
State medical boards
official state boards that are involved in the regulation of healthcare practices. They aim to protect citizens of the state from medical fraud and malpractice by establishing regulations, such as requirements for licensure.
State medical boards also serve to make sure that licensed professionals comply with the Medical Practice Act of the state.
Which of the following explain the credentialing process? (Check all of the boxes that apply)
-Credentialing helps prove that a healthcare worker has a valid certificate or license.
-Credentialing is performed internally at healthcare organizations.
-Credentialing may be handled by a human resources department.
United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE)
an examination that is required before a person can become a doctor. The exam tests a person's competencies in medicine, and the scores are reviewed by a medical licensing committee.
The USMLE scores are also shared with state medical boards so that they can make the determination to issue the medical license to the individual.
People who do not pass the USMLE will not be issued a medical license.
Federation of State Medical Boards (FSMB)
a national nonprofit organization, represents state medical licensing agencies of the United States. The mission of the Federation is to protect the safety and quality of health care by setting benchmarks for physician licensure.
The FSMB also works with state medical boards to help them establish requirements and regulations that aim to better ensure patient safety.
National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME)
established in 1915, is responsible for developing and managing the USMLE. The NBME is committed to overseeing the licensure process to make sure that doctors are tested on the necessary competencies for providing quality, safe care to patients. The NBME must ensure that the tested competencies are current or make changes to the USMLE.
The NBME works collaboratively with the Federation of State Medical Boards to sponsor and manage the USMLE.
can work as nurses with or without a license. However, licensed nurses are more valuable to employers.
National Council of State Boards of Nursing (NCSBN)
The regulatory authority that oversees nursing practice is this.
The NCSBN is responsible for administering the national nurse licensing exam, the National Council Licensure Examination (NCLEX).
Nurses must pass this computerized exam to be issued a nursing license and to become registered nurses (RNs). The information on the exam tests the person's skills, knowledge, and competency in nursing.
The NCSBN works with state agencies to make it possible for nurses to use their nursing licenses across state lines. For instance, a nurse with a Texas license can practice as a nurse in Arizona.
What does NBME stand for?
National Board of Medical Examiners
What is the NBME responsible for?
Managing to the USMLE
What do certificates and licenses have in common?
They both help people demonstrate skills and knowledge.
How are certificates and licenses different?
Licenses allow people to practice on their own.
What are some healthcare careers that require certifications, but not licenses?
Which career gives people the choice to work with or without a license?
One of your friends is about to start a certification program. What can your friend expect to do in the program? (Check all of the boxes that apply)
Participate in hands-on activities
Listen to lectures
What do you need to have in order to get your professional license? (Check all of the boxes that apply)
Proper educational background
A license allows you to: (Check all of the boxes that apply)
Stand out in a job application
Practice certain jobs in health care
Gain a higher level of expertise
You must renew your certificate or license ________ it expires.
To renew your certificate or license you may need to earn __________.
Continuing educations unit (CEUs)
Where can you obtain your CEUs? (Check all of the boxes that apply)
A CEU document indicates:
Number of credit hours earned
Which healthcare law says that each state has the right to make laws, so long as the laws do not violate the U.S. Constitution?
Which healthcare law determines what it means to practice medicine and what the disciplinary actions will be if any violations occur?
Medical Practice Act
According to ____________, patients have the right to confidentiality.
the Patient's Bill of Rights
______________ is the process of verifying that a person's certificate or license is valid.
The ___________ is the test that doctors have to take to become licensed.
The ___________ is the test that nurses have to take if they want to become licensed.
Which regulatory authority is a national nonprofit organization that represents state medical licensing agencies?
Federation of State Medical Boards
Which of the following aims to protect citizens of the state from fraud and malpractice by establishing regulations, such as requirements for licensure?
State Medical Boads
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