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104 BASIC FIRST AID AND PERSONAL HYGIENE FUNDAMENTALS
Terms in this set (15)
What are the 4 general rules for using a stretcher?.
1. bring stretcher to casualty
2. Always fasten victim securely to the stretcher
3. Always move the victim feet first so the rear bearer can watch for signs of breathing difficulty.
4. use proper lifting techniques when raising or lowering the patient. Person close to head calls lifts.
Demonstrate calling in a 09-line medevac request. Or how many lines and contents to get the medevac in the air?.
1. Location of pick up site
2. Radio frequency, call sign, suffix
3. # of patients by precedence
4. Special Equipment required
5. # of patients
6. Security at pick up site
7. Method of marking pick up site
8. Patient nationality and status
9. NBC contamination
How do you apply a tourniquet?.
-Wrap material around limb above wound with overhand knot.
-Place a stick on the overhand knot and tie square knot over it.
-Tighten enough to stop bleeding.
How do you treat hypothermia?.
Remove from the cold.
Get them dry and keep them dry.
Insulate from the ground.
Re-insulate with dry insulation.
Cover and protect the head from further heat loss.
Cover and protect the hands and feet from frostbite.
Surround with a windproof and waterproof layer.
If conscious, feed warm, sweet liquids.
If unconscious, evacuate and handle very gently to prevent ventricular fibrillation.
How do you apply a compress dressing?.
Applied securely starting around the smallest part of the limb. Final turns are secured by employing two or more overlying circular turns. Fold under to present a cuff-like appearance. Secure with safety pin or adhesive tape.
Describe the treatment for an Open Chest wound.
Seal wound with airtight material and tape around all 4 sides. Give oxygen if avail.
Describe the signs, symptoms, and treatment of shock.
Weak and rapid pulse, breathing is irregular, skin feels cool to touch, temp is low, sweating, pale or bluish, dilated pupils.
Explain three methods of purifying water in the field.
Boiling, Iodine tablets (2 tablets and wait 20 min), calcium hypochlorite ampules.
State the sequence to examine an injured person.
1. Keep victim lying down until you have determined injury type.
2. Do not move unless absolutely necessary and remove clothing as needed.
3. Keep victim comfortable.
4. Do not touch open wounds unless necessary.
5. Do not give them solid food or liquid.
Explain the ABCs of basic life support.
Airway, Breathing, Circulation. (CAB now)
Discuss the 3-types of bleeding and the treatments: Capillary, Venous, Arterial.
Capillary- Small bandage or strip pad
Venous- Direct pressure, tourniquet.
Arterial- Pressure points, tourniquet
Demonstrate the following and discuss the procedures: Adult CPR compression to ventilation ratio & Adult rescue breathing ratio.
15:2 compression to breaths (book) approx 80/min. 30:2 compression to breaths (actual)
Describe and demonstrate procedures for: Fractures (open and closed), Sprains, Joint Dislocation.
Fractures: Closed-immobilize injured area with splint.
Open- Apply splint but do not attempt to straighten bone.
Dislocation: Make patient comfortable, support injury, treat for shock. get medical help.
Sprains: ice and stay off.
Describe the 4-types of burns and the treatments: First Degree, Second Degree, Third Degree, Fourth Degree.
1st: Mild. irritated epidermal layer. red and tingling.
2nd: epidermal blisters, mottled, red. Damage extends to dermis. 2-3 wks scarring and depigmentation.
3rd: Full thickness injury penetration into muscle and fatty tissues, or bone. Tissue and nerves destroyed. Shock with blood in urine likely present.
4th: Black or charred. No pain, amputation or excision is needed. Death can occur.
Describe the symptoms and treatment of: Heat cramps, Heat exhaustion, Heat stroke.
Heat cramps: caused by losing large amounts of water and salt from sweating. Stop sweating.
-move to cool area, give plenty of water, massage spasmed muscles.
Heat Exhaustion: Symptoms vary. Weakness, fatigue, headache, loss of appetite, and nausea. Ashen gray skin, cold cool and clammy. dilated pupils.
-move to cool area, loosen clothing, apply cool wet cloths to head, groin, ankles. Give 1 tsp salt in a quart of water.
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