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give up rights but not all, have choice to switch if ruler fails, say in laws


no one should be persecuted for there beliefs


Idea of a constitutional gov't all powers in a gov't should be seperated in 3 branches judicial, legislative, executive


Direct Democracy


fought for women education

Caesar Biccaria

torture and death aren't good penalties, must be proved guilty, basic rights until proved guilty

Adam Smith

gov't shouldn't intervene in buisness, "laissez-faire"

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