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31 terms

Greece

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A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives is called
direct democracy
__ was the wise statesman who led Athens during much of its golden age
Pericles
A temple crafted by the sculptor Phidias to honor the goddess Athena was the
Parthenon
The Greek values of harmony, order, balance, and proportion in art served as the standard for what became known as
Classical Art
A __ was a serious drama about common themes such as love, hate, and betrayal
tragedy
The greatest historian of the Greek classical age was
Thucydides
Greek city-states Athens and Sparta fought each other in the
Peloponnesian War
Greek thinkers who were determined to seek the truth were called
philosophers
The __ were a group of thinkers who questioned the existence of the traditional Greek gods.
Sophists
One thinker who developed a method of teaching using questions and answers was
Socrates
__ was a famous thinker who set forth his idea of a perfectly governed society in The Republic
Plato
A philosopher who opened a school in Athens called the Lyceum was
Aristotle
__ were two officials who shared the powers of ruling the republic and whose time in office was limited to one year.
Consuls
In the early Roman republic, the __ power was absolute but his time in office was limited to a six-month period
Dictator
The __ are the people who first settled the land on the bend of the Tiber River that was to become Rome
Etruscans
___ were wealthy aristocratic landowners of ancient Rome who held most of the power in the early republic
Patricians
Carthaginian general ____ led a force of more than 50,000 soldiers and 60 elephants across the Alps to invade Italy.
Hannibal
A ____ was a military division of the Roman army.
Legion
The ____ were elected to represent the lower class of Roman citizens.
Tribune
The ____ people were the common farmers, merchants, workers, and artisans that made up the majority of Roman citizens
Plebians
The ____ were chosen to represent the upper class of Roman Citizens
Senators
____ was a daring Roman general during the Second Punic War.
Scipio
____, a drastic drop in the value of money coupled with a rise in prices, helped weaken the Roman empire.
Inflation
After serving as consul for a year, ____ led his troops in conquering Gaul. His great popularity was a source of concern to ____, who managed to have him ordered back to Rome.
Julius Caesar, Pompey
On the Ides of March, ____ was assassinated in the Senate by a group of conspirators
Julius Caesar
Under the rule of ____ as emperor Rome entered a 200 year period of peace and prosperity known as the ____
Augustus, Pax Romana
Slaves had few of the benefits of this prosperity. All were victims of their owner's whims. Some called ____ were forced to battle to the death before an arena full of eager spectators.
Gladiators
The reign of Marcus Aurelius marked the end of two centuries of peace and prosperity known as the ____
Pax Romana
Roman soldiers had become less loyal, so the government was forced to hire ____ to defend the empire.
mercenaries
A reform minded emperor who divided the empire into two sections was ____
Diocletian
Under Constantine the capital of the empire was moved from Rome to ____ in what is now
Byzantium, Turkey