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Terms in this set (9)
Who was the French teacher with whom many young American composers studied during the 1920s and 30s?
What were the two predominant trends in American art music during the 20s and 30s? Which composers are associated with each?
Experimentalists: Focused on developing new musical resource- Varèse, Cowell, Ruth Crawford Seeger
Americanist: blended nationalism with a new populism influenced by FDR's New Deal policies- Copland Still, Thomson
What did Varèse mean by the term "sound mass?" How did his conception of music differ from the traditional conception of Western music
A body of sounds characterized by a particular timbre, register, rhythm, and melodic gesture, which may be stable or may be gradually transformed
How do Ionisation and Hyperprism illustrate Varèse's ideas?
Ionisation; 13 musicians playing 37 different non-pitched percussion instruments. This is the first time there was music without pitches and melodies.
Hyperprism: illustrates how pitch, instrumental color, gesture, and rhythm interact to suggest soon masses colliding and changing.
What were some of the innovative techniques Henry Cowell used in his piano music?
Tone clusters, using instruments to make sounds they do not normally make especially the piano strings.
In addition to his piano music, what other contributions did Cowell make to American music
Encouraged interest in non-western music and the study of ethnomusicology, accessible musical style (new deal and depression), wrote for moaned and orchestra based on the colonial composer William Billings, Asian musical culture.
One of the first to recognize the genius of Charles Ives and encouraged Ives to resurrect his early experimental music.
Pulished important jourrnal, New Music, and published works by Shoenberg and other modernist composers.
How would you describe Ruth Crawford Seeger's compositions?
Atonal and highly dissonant. Experimented with techniques that later became quite common: serialization of parameters of music other than pitch and unconventional use of glissandi, both vocal and instrumental.
What is Seeger's most important work, and how is the finale of this work organized?
"String Quartet" 1931. Finale: organized in such a way to remind one of Ives's experimental pieces.
What other contributions did Seeger make to American music?
Collecting and preserving American folk songs. Worked with John Lomax and his son Alan (responsible for collecting a huge amount of folk music in 1930s)
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