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abnormal psych-chapter 12: personality disorders
Terms in this set (28)
_____ refers to meeting diagnostic criteria for multiple disorders, which is particularly common among individuals with personality disorders
The personality disorders are divided into three clusters or groups: ANSWER ↓ contains the odd or eccentric disorders; ANSWER ↓ contains the dramatic, emotional, and erratic disorders; and ANSWER ↓ contains the anxious and fearful disorders.
cluster a= odd/eccentric
cluster b= dramatic
cluster c= fearful
It's debated whether personality disorders are extreme versions of otherwise normal personality variations (therefore classified as dimensions) or ways of relating that are different from psychologically healthy behavior (classified as ____)
Personality disorders are described as ANSWER ↓ because unlike many disorders, they originate in childhood and continue throughout adulthood.
Although gender differences are evident in the research of personality disorders, some differences in the findings may be the result of ____
which personality disorder is described here? Heidi trusts no one and wrongly believes other people want to harm her or cheat her out of her life earnings. She is sure her husband is secretly planning to leave her and take their three boys, although she has no proof. She no longer confides in friends or divulges any information to coworkers for fear that it will be used in a plot against her. She is usually tense and ready to argue about harmless comments made by family members.
which personality disorder is described here? Rebecca lives alone out in the country with her birds and has little contact with relatives or any other individuals in a nearby town. She is extremely concerned with pollution, fearing that harmful chemicals are in the air and water around her. She has developed her own water purification system and makes her own clothes. If it is necessary for her to go outside, she covers her body with excessive clothing and wears a face mask to avoid the contaminated air.
which personality disorder is described here? Doug is a college student who has no close friends. He comes to class every day and sits in a corner and is sometimes seen having lunch alone on the park bench. Most students find him difficult to engage and complain about his lack of involvement in class activities but he appears indifferent to what others say. He has never had a girlfriend, and expresses no desire to have sex. He is meeting with a therapist only because his family tricked him into going.
Elaine has low self-esteem and usually feels empty unless she does dangerous and exciting things. She is involved in drugs and has casual sexual encounters, even with strangers. She threatens to commit suicide if her boyfriend suggests getting help or if he talks about leaving her. She alternates between passionately loving and hating him, sometimes going from one extreme to the next in a short time.
Lance is 19 and has been in trouble with the law for the past 2 years. He lies to his parents, vandalizes buildings in the community, and often fights with others. He shows no remorse for the people he injures or the grief that he causes his ailing parents.
Nancy thinks she is the best at everything. She thinks her performance is always excellent, and is extremely critical of anyone else's success. She constantly looks for admiration and reassurance from others
Samantha is known for being overly dramatic. She cries uncontrollably during sad movies, and we sometimes think that she is acting. She is vain and self-centered, interrupting many of our class conversations to discuss her personal life.
During a therapy session John gets up for a glass of water. Ten minutes later, John still is not back. He first had to clean the fountain area and neatly arrange the glasses before pouring his glass of water.
Whitney is self-critical and claims she is unintelligent and has no skills. She is also afraid to be alone and seeks constant reassurance from her family and friends. She says and does nothing about her cheating husband because she thinks that if she shows any resolve or initiative, she will be abandoned and will have to take care of herself.
Mike has no social life because of his great fear of rejection. He disregards compliments and reacts excessively to criticism, which only feeds his pervasive feelings of inadequacy. Mike takes everything personally.
Enduring maladaptive patterns for relating to the environment and self, exhibited in a range of contexts that cause significant functional impairment or subjective distress.
Cluster A (odd or eccentric) personality disorder involving pervasive distrust and suspiciousness of others such that their motives are interpreted as malevolent.
paranoid personality disorder
Cluster A (odd or eccentric) personality disorder featuring a pervasive pattern of detachment from social relationships and a restricted range of expression of emotions.
schizoid personality disorder
Cluster A (odd or eccentric) personality disorder involving a pervasive pattern of interpersonal deficits featuring acute discomfort with, and reduced capacity for, close relationships, as well as cognitive or perceptual distortions and eccentricities of behavior.
schizotypical personality disorder
Cluster B (dramatic, emotional, or erratic) personality disorder involving a pervasive pattern of disregard for and violation of the rights of others.
antisocial personality disorder
Non-DSM-5 category similar to antisocial personality disorder but with less emphasis on overt behavior. Indicators include superficial charm, lack of remorse, and other personality characteristics.
Cluster B (dramatic, emotional, or erratic) personality disorder involving a pervasive pattern of instability of interpersonal relationships, self-image, affects, and control over impulses.
borderline personality disorder
Promising treatment for borderline personality disorder that involves exposing the client to stressors in a controlled situation, as well as helping the client regulate emotions and cope with stressors that might trigger suicidal behavior.
dialectical behavior therapy DBT
Cluster B (dramatic, emotional, or erratic) personality disorder involving a pervasive pattern of excessive emotionality and attention seeking.
histrionic personality disorder
Cluster B (dramatic, emotional, or erratic) personality disorder involving a pervasive pattern of grandiosity in fantasy or behavior, need for admiration, and lack of empathy.
narcissistic personality disorder
Cluster C (anxious or fearful) personality disorder featuring a pervasive pattern of social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy, and hypersensitivity to criticism.
avoidant personality disorder
Cluster C (anxious or fearful) personality disorder characterized by a person's pervasive and excessive need to be taken care of, a condition that leads to submissive and clinging behavior and fears of separation.
dependent personality disorder
Cluster C (anxious or fearful) personality disorder featuring a pervasive pattern of preoccupation with orderliness, perfectionism, and mental and interpersonal control at the expense of flexibility, openness, and efficiency.
obsessive compulsive personality disorder
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