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History exam: chapters 19-23
Terms in this set (50)
Dollar Diplomacy, the U.S. foreign policy that emphasized economic investment and loans from American banks, rather than direct military intervention, was the policy of
William Howard Taft.
President Theodore Roosevelt won the Nobel Peace Prize for helping to negotiate a settlement of
the Russo-Japanese War of 1905.
President Wilson's foreign policy that called for active intervention to remake the world in America's image, and which asserted the view that greater freedom worldwide would follow from increased American investment and trade abroad was called
The "Open Door" Policy refers to
a key principle of American foreign relations that emphasizes the free flow of trade, investment, and information.
The American foreign policy principle that held that the United States had a right to exercise "an international police power" in the Western Hemisphere was called
he Roosevelt Corollary
The outbreak of World War I in 1914 was triggered by
the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand
This federal agency presided over all elements of war production from the distribution of raw materials to the prices of manufactured goods.
War Industries Board
Who was the leader of the National Woman's Party, an organization that employed militant tactics in favor of women's suffrage?
The right to dissent from government policy during World War I
met sweeping repression.
Under this act, American men were required to register with the draft.
Selective Service Act
During the 1920s, a group whose most well-known leader was Billy Sunday and who asserted their conviction in the literal truth of the Bible became known by which term that they coined?
In 1925, what was the Tennessee trial in which a public schoolteacher faced charges of violating the state's law prohibiting the teaching of Charles Darwin's theory of evolution?
the Scopes Trial
In the spring of 1932, 20,000 unemployed World War I veterans descended on Washington to demand early payment of a bonus due in 1945, and were
driven away by federal soldiers led by Douglas MacArthur.
The proposed constitutional amendment to eliminate all legal distinctions "on account of sex" promoted by Alice Paul was
the Equal Rights Amendment.
The vibrant black culture in 1920s New York City that included poets and novelists Countee Cullen, Langston Hughes, and Claude McKay was called
the Harlem Renaissance.
Upon taking office in 1921, Warren G. Harding promised a return to
Which of the following was not a cause of the Great Depression that began in October 1929?
drastic tariff reductions
Which was not a consumer good in the 1920s?
Who said "the chief business of the American people is business"?
Who was the first cabinet member in American history to be convicted of a felony—for accepting nearly $500,000 from businessmen to whom he leased government oil reserves at Teapot Dome, Wyoming?
At a time of widespread hunger in the United States, the Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) did all of the following except
ordered a vast expansion in the production of cotton, wheat, barley, and corn across the Midwest in an effort to stave off hunger and starvation.
By the mid-1930s, more than two-thirds of American families owned radios. Many families tuned in to hear Roosevelt's radio addresses, known as
In March 1933, Congress established the federal government as a direct employer of the unemployed when it authorized the hiring of young men to work on projects to improve national parks, forests, and flood control, through what was called
the Civilian Conservation Corps.
In the 1930s, unusually dry weather blew winds over much of the Oklahoma, Texas, Kansas, and Colorado soils, creating
the Dust Bowl.
The effort undertaken on the part of the federal government to supply cheap electrical power for homes and factories in a seven-state region, preventing flooding, and putting the federal government in the business of selling electricity by building a series of dams was called
the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA).
The initial flurry of legislation during Roosevelt's first three months in office is called
the "Hundred Days."
This person started the Share Our Wealth movement in 1934 with the slogan "Every Man a King."
What 1935 law outlawed "unfair labor practices," and was known at the time as "Labor's Magna Carta"?
the Wagner Act
Which is not true of Franklin D. Roosevelt?
He served as governor of Massachusetts in the 1920s.
Who authored The General Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money and asserted that large-scale government deficit spending was appropriate during economic downturns?
John Maynard Keynes
Congress passed this legislation in 1941, which authorized military aid so long as countries promised to return it all after the war. The passing of this act allowed the U.S. to funnel billions of dollars' worth of arms to Britain, China, and later the Soviet Union.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt's foreign policy with regard to Latin American countries was called
the Good Neighbor Policy.
June 6, 1944, the day on which nearly 200,000 American, British, and Canadian soldiers landed in northwestern France, in Normandy, is known as
The desire for both victory at home against segregation and victory overseas against the Germans and the Japanese came to be called this by African-Americans during World War II.
The limits of wartime tolerance were tested in 1943 Los Angeles with the
zoot suit riots.
The self-confident woman portrayed as fully capable of doing a man's job on posters and on magazine covers during World War II was called
"Rosie the Riveter."
Under this program, tens of thousands of contract laborers from Mexico crossed into the United States to take up jobs as domestic and agricultural workers during World War II.
When World War II ended, most female war workers, especially those in better-paying industrial employment
were laid off.
Which of the following was not a feature of American involvement in World War II?
FDR agreed to a wartime alliance with the Soviet Union only after Stalin promised to rid his country of communism after the war.
Who of the following were known as the "Big Three"?
Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, Joseph Stalin
In 1949, the containment policy suffered a major setback in the form of
the "loss" of China to communism.
In June 1948, when the United States, Britain, and France introduced a separate currency in their zones of control in the city of Berlin, the Soviet Union responded with
the Berlin blockade.
President Harry S. Truman's program that focused on improving the social safety net and raising the standard of living of ordinary Americans—calling on Congress to increase the middle wage, enact a program of national health insurance, and expand public housing, Social Security, and aid to education—was
the Fair Deal.
The House Un-American Activities Committee charged these people with contempt of Congress, serving jail terms of six months to a year.
the Hollywood Ten
The June 1947 United States foreign policy initiative that envisioned a New Deal for Europe, and pledged billions of dollars to finance European economic recovery was
the Marshall Plan.
The young California congressman who first gained national prominence through his membership on the House Un-American Activities Committee was
This legislation authorized the deportation of immigrants identified as communists, even if they had become citizens.
McCarran-Walter Act of 1952
What was the 1947 law that sought to reverse gains made by organized labor in the preceding decade, and authorized the president to suspend strikes by ordering an eighty-day cooling-off period, banned sympathy strikes and secondary boycotts, outlawed the closed shop, and authorized states to pass "right to work" laws?
the Taft-Hartley Act
Who was the U.S. senator from Wisconsin who announced in February 1950 that he had a list of Communists working for the State Department, and whose name later entered the political vocabulary as shorthand for character assassination, guilt by association, and abuse of power in the name of anticommunism?
Joseph R. McCarthy
Who was the person who sent the Long Telegram from Moscow in 1946 that lay the foundation for what became known as the policy of "containment"?
George F. Kennan
Locke's views on government influenced some of the ideas in the U.S. Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution. What ideas in the excerpt from Two Treatises can you find in the Declaration of independence to support this statement?
How did changes in Buddhism influence art in India?
How did a tradition of absolute rule develop in Russia?
What impact did the Great Famine have on the population of Ireland?
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