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113 terms

CSET Vis/Prf Arts Art-1

Basics, Principles, Elements: color, line, shape, texture, space; Interpreting Art; Timeline
STUDY
PLAY
Art is the process of purposefully...
... arranged elements
that appeal to
aesthetic and emotional senses.
4 of 8 Fundamental principles of art:
1. Balance
2. Contrast
3. Emphasis
4. Pattern
Other 4 of the 8
fundamental principles of art
5. Unity
6. Perspective
7. Space
8. Color
>> Principles of Art <<
Principles of Art
Balance refers to:
A sense of visual stability in a composition
Balance
> Harmonious arrangement of elements
creates a feeling of _____
equilibrium
Balance
> Symmetrical compositions give the feeling that the
_____ is equally distributed. This is called _____ balance.
weight
formal
Balance
> The classical appearance of formality is one of:
symmetry
Balance
> Asymmetry occurs when there is a
visual _____ or pull to one _____ of the composition.
emphasis
side
Balance
> Asymmetry is sometimes called:
Informal balance
Contrast
Represents 2 things that are opposite
Contrast is used to help depict 2 dramatic differences b/c
it helps make objects become
apparent to the viewer
Contrast is used to help make _____ become _____ to the viewer
objects
apparent
Contrast
> Examples
* Heavy & light
* Curved or straight
* Positive and negative
Emphasis
> Draws your eye to a:
Visual focal point
Emphasis
> Artists use emphasis to help an object
stand ___ and grab your _____
out
attention
Emphasis is the
_____ of interest
center
Pattern
Objects in a composition
that are repeated
Pattern
> Regular patterns with easily ID'ed _____
are used so the viewer can visually _____
what may appear _____
features
recognize
next
Pattern
> Random pattern: No exact predicted _____,
but the viewer CAN generally _____
what may appear next
design
predict
Pattern
> Artists create by repeating what 3 elements:
* Shapes
* Colors
* Lines
Pattern
> Example: Monet's Water Lilies, the repeated pattern is:
Groups of water lilies
Unity refers to the sense that all components of a composition...
... belong together
Unity
> Technically
* Elements of art, shape, line, color, appear to fit together
* Viewer has no feeling for the need to complete, delete or change
Unity creates a sense that the artwork is
self-____ and has ____ of its own,
whole and complete
contained
life
Perspective: Linear
* This is a technique for representing:
3-D objects on a flat surface
Perspective: Linear
> Invented during the _____
to give paintings a _____ appearance
Renaissance
realistic
Perspective: Linear
> Uses math principles to give paintings a _____ appearance
realistic
Perspective: Linear
> How it works
* Converging lines meet at a vanishing point
* Lines of buildings/objects are slanted to make them appear at a distance
* Human eye perceives smaller objects are at a distance
Perspective: Linear
> Example from book
Basilica San Lorenzo
Perspective: Atmospheric/Aerial
> Used to create:
Depth and dimension
Perspective: Atmospheric/Aerial
> 4 Techniques used to reproduce effects of distant objects
* Overlapping
* Color
* Size
* Contrast
Perspective: Atmospheric/Aerial
> Example-1
. Darker objects appear to be _____ when using
lighter and _____ colors for distant objects
closer
duller
Perspective: Atmospheric/Aerial
> Example-2
. In landscapes, lighter objects lose _____ and clarity as they appear _____ away
focus
farther
>> Elements of Art <<
Elements of Art
5 Elements of Art
1. Color
2. Line
3. Shape
4. Texture
5. Space
Color is...
... visible light reflected off objects
Color can be used in a composition to create a symbolic representation of 2 things:
* Mood
* Emotion
Color
> Red, orange, yellow
> People gazing at compositions using these colors tend to feel:
* Their body temperature rise
What are the warm colors, red, orange, yellow, symbolic of?
* Sun
* Heat
* Fire
Color
> Green, blue, purple
> People gazing at compositions using these colors tend to feel:
* Relaxed
* Calm
* Peaceful
Color's 3 qualities are:
1. Hue
2. Value
3. Intensity
Hue is what we think of as
color

>> i.e. a particular point on the spectrum
Does hue address dark/light or dull/bright?
Neither
Is hue sequenced like a rainbow?
Yes
Rainbows contain primary
or
primary & secondary colors?
Primary & secondary
Primary colors
> What are they?
* Red
* Yellow
* Blue
Which colors are the foundation of the color wheel?
Primary colors
Secondary colors
> Name them
* Orange
* Green
* Violet
Secondary colors
> How are they created?
By mixing 2 primary colors
Tertiary colors
> How are they created?
By mixing primary & secondary colors
> Red + Green = Brown
> Yellow + Violet = Brown
Tertiary colors
> Result of mix
Secondary becomes grayish or muted yielding
> Variation of the secondary color
Complementary colors
* Pairs of colors opposite of each other on color wheel
* Do not share any characteristics
Complementary colors
> Result of mixing
Neutral color such as gray or brown

>> They say: purple + yellow = gray

>> My color wheel:
. purple + yellow = brown
. orange + blue = gray
Complementary colors
> Use in composition yields _____
which can be interpreted as _____ and _____
contrast
vibrant
stimulating
Value
> Describes:
Lightness or darkness of color
Value
> Range is from:
White to Black
Value of a color is changed by adding either ____ or ____
white
black
Value
> Artists use to create _____
mood
Value
> Example: dark colors can suggest:
* Melancholy
* Gloom
* Mystery
* Foreboding
Intensity describes the:
brilliance or dullness of color
Intensity
> Example: impact of bright colors is associated with:
* Stronger emotions
* Heightened energy
Intensity
> Example: subtler/dull colors are associated with a:
weaker, anesthetized
state of energy
Line
> Characteristics of
* Continuous mark
* Can change:
> direction
> length
> width
Line
> Multiple lines joined together form a:
Shape
Line
> Can be used to create
at least 3 things:
* Outline
* Silhouette
* Contour
Line
> Can be used to define
the _____ of a form
to lead your eye in a certain _____
edges
direction
Lines can be real or _____ and
their possibilities are _____.
implied
endless
Lines can be:
Straight Curved
Jagged Diagonal
Horizontal Vertical
Wavy Parallel
Perpendicular Zigzag
* Dashed
Line
> Horizontal lines can suggest:
* A state of rest
* Continuity
* Stability

>> Object that are parallel to the earth are often at rest (gravity)
Line
> Horizontal lines can also give a sense of ____
space
Line
> Vertical lines communicate a sense of:
* Strength
* Rigidity
* Height
Line
> Vertical lines are often used to suggest:
* Spirituality
* Reaching toward the sky
Line
> Diagonal lines often communicate an:
Opposition or movement
Line
> Curved lines communicate a:
Sensual or softening quality
Line
> Example of symbolism in American Gothic by Wood
Many vertical lines extend upward to sky/toward heavens, including the pitch fork
Line
> American Gothic
> Considered a chronicle of history of mid-western moral ____ during the Great ______
values
Depression
Line
> American Gothic
> Rigid, upright characters a symbol of the bond between:
God and hard work
Line
> Horizontal church roof lines are symbolic of:
Inseparable stability
that the church and God
can provide during
difficult socioeconomic times
Shape (form & contour)
> Shape and form help to define _____ in a piece of art.
objects
Shape (form & contour)
> Often defined by a continuous _____ that _____ to create a closed shape.
line
meets
Shape (form & contour)
> Contour lines are used to create _____
dimension
Shape (form & contour)
> Has 2 dimensions:
* Height
* Width
Shape (form & contour)
> Form has 3 dimensions:
* Height
* Width
* Depth
Shape (form & contour)
> Geometric vs organic shape measures
* Geometric: uniform measures
* Organic: irregular, relatively, I guess
Shape (form & contour)
> Repeated shapes and forms create _____
patterns
Shape (form & contour)
> Example of the use of form:
* Mary Cassatt "The Bath"
* Circular contour shapes
> Figures > basin > pitcher
Shape (form & contour)
> Example of the use of form-2:
Rounded, natural forms
illustrate clear, crisp lively patterns
Texture
> Describes the way a composition might _____ or the way it might appear to _____ with our eyes
feel
feel
Texture
> in 3-dimensional art can be touched
> in 2-dimensional art is only:
perceived
> i.e. one gets a sense of how an object might feel
Texture
> Example:
Collage
> Artists still use color, line, and shape to simulate the object
Space
> Artists refer to _____
within the _____ of a composition
space
boundaries
Space
> Helps a composition look like it has ____
and give artwork a feeling of _____
form
depth
Space
> 2 kinds:
* Positive space
* Negative space
Space
> Negative space
* Space between or around the object
* In B/W:
> object is white
> space is black
>> Think reversal or photo negative
Space
> Positive space
* Space occupied by the object
* Think silhouette
>> Interpreting Art <<
Interpreting Art
4 Questions to ask when analyzing art
1. Content or focal point
1. What dominant object stands out
as you 1st look at the composition
4 Questions to ask when analyzing art
2. Mood
2. What is your 1st emotional response
to the composition?
4 Questions to ask when analyzing art
3. Point
3. What do believe the artist is trying to convey?
4 Questions to ask when analyzing art
4. Context
4. What is the historical, cultural, or social context?

4a. What is the time, style, & place of the composition?
Elements of Art
> Consider the composition &
the responses to the 4 basic questions
in terms of the elements of art:
Color Line
Shape Texture
* Space
Principles of Art
> Now consider the responses in terms of the principles of art:
* Balance/Symmetry
Contrast Emphasis
Pattern Unity
* Perspective: Linear
* Perspective: Atmospheric/Aerial

>> Color & Shape were considered with the "elements of art"
When considering elements & principles of art notice if there are:
similarities to the principles
Only 9 more questions to consider...
> Question #1
1. How are the lines in the composition arranged?
> Horizontally
> Vertically
> Diagonally
Only 9 more questions to consider...
> Question #2
2. How is color used to show:
> Contrast
> Highlight an area
> Create a mood
Only 9 more questions to consider...
> Question #3
3. What are the spatial relationships?
> Are objects far or near?
Only 9 more questions to consider...
> Question #4
4. Where are the light and dark areas in the composition?
> How does light enhance directionality?
> Does it "lead" the viewer?
Only 9 more questions to consider...
> Question #5
5. What types of shapes are used?
> Geometric?
> How do the various shapes affect the composition as a whole?
Only 9 more questions to consider...
> Question #6
6. What textures are used in the pictures?
> What feelings do the textures convey?
Only 9 more questions to consider...
> Question #7
7. Does the composition include depth, linear perspective, or atmospheric perspective?
Only 9 more questions to consider...
> Question #8
8. Is the composition balanced (symmetrical or asymmetrical)?
> How is the balance achieved?
Only 9 more questions to consider...
> Question #9
9. What elements are repeated?
> Do the various elements contrast with or complement each other?