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Chapter 14 4Fin
Terms in this set (30)
Which statement is NOT true?
Depressed moods don't affect behavior.
According to the text, shyness is a form of _______ characterized by self-consciousness and worrying about what others think.
The study, assessment, and treatment of people with psychological difficulties is known as
Compared to nondepressed people, depressed people
have realistic perceptions of the good and bad things that the future holds.
Which of the following theories most clearly predicts that we will feel anxious when we are motivated to impress others but doubt our ability to do so?
Compared to nondepressed people, depressed people are more likely to attribute their failures and setbacks to causes that are
Some physicians have/use _____ that help them take credit when things go well but not take blame for failure.
Research has reported that newlywed couples who become angry while discussing problems
suffer more immune system suppression the next day.
Strack and Coyne (1983) found that depressed people were realistic in thinking that other people
did not appreciate their behavior and pessimism.
According to the self-presentation theory, we will feel social anxiety when we are
motivated to impress others but have self-doubts.
The _____ style people use to explain bad events makes illness _____ likely.
When Rosenhan and his research associates (1973) reported to mental hospital admissions offices that they were "hearing voices," most were
diagnosed with schizophrenia and hospitalized for two to three weeks.
The work of Alloy and Abramson (1979) examined how depressed individuals view the extent of their personal control over events. Their results provided evidence of the phenomenon known as
Snyder and Swann (1984) gave interviewers some hypotheses to test concerning individuals' traits, and found that people often tested for a trait by
looking for information that would confirm it.
Who is more likely to exhibit a negative explanatory style?
a depressed person
The vicious circle of depression is usually triggered by negative experiences that lead directly to
self-focused rumination and self-blame.
Research investigating the nature of the connection between explanatory style and health has shown that people who routinely use the pessimistic style
are more likely to experience illness.
Loneliness is best described as a state created by the awareness that you
have fewer numerous or meaningful social relationships than you desire.
Shy people tend to
When researchers pit statistical prediction—such as predicting graduate school success using a formula that includes grades and aptitude scores—against interviewers' intuitive prediction,
statistical prediction is usually superior to expert intuition.
Peterson and Seligman (1987) analyzed the press quotes of baseball's Hall of Famers and found that those who routinely offered pessimistic explanations for bad events, like losing big games, were more likely to
die at younger ages.
When faced with a difficult situation, short-term depression protects us by
All of the above
Maggie wants advice on how to cope with the stress of a new job. She would be best advised to approach her new job with a sense of
Brodt and Zimbardo (1981) found that shy women were no longer shy when they
were provided an alternative explanation for their social anxiety.
Knowing that half or more heart attack victims die without seeking medical help can be explained by all of the following EXCEPT
people are afraid to seek medical help.
According to the text, professional clinicians are NOT LIKELY to
consider opposing ideas and test them.
Explaining failures and setbacks in terms of factors that are stable, global, and internal is a _______ explanatory style.
Vanessa is a mildly depressed college student. Considering the research findings presented in the text on depression, she probably
demonstrates the sadder-but-wiser effect.
Which of the following attributions regarding a failure or a setback illustrates the global quality of a depressed person's explanatory style?
"It's going to affect everything I do."
According to Seligman (2002), near-epidemic levels of depression in America today, ironically, can be blamed in part on the promotion of attitudes that say,
"You can make it on your own."
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