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Why is William Grant Still significant?
African American composer, studied with George Chadwick and Edgard Varesem wrote over 150 works, incorporated African-American folk and popular styles into a lot of his music.
First symphonic work by AA composer to be performed by a professional orchestra, first AA to conduct a professional orchestra.
How does Still's Afro-American Symphony incorporate African-American music, and how was the work influential on later film score composers?
Incorporates blues and a spiritual in the two main themes of the sonata. Instructed the orchestra members to "swing" because they did not know how. Combined symphonic strings with the brass and woodwind sounds of a dance band.
Can you name some mid-century American composers of symphonies?
Copland, Roy Harris- ten symphonies, Howard Hanson- seven symphonies, Walter Piston- eight symphonies, William Schuman- ten symphonies, Rodger Sessions (nine symphonies- his are more chromatic and dissonant)
What famous writer did Virgil Thomson collaborate with on two operas? What are the titles of those works?
Gertude Stein, "Four Saint in Three Acts" (1927-28)- Surrealist at and literature, stream of consciousness writing.
"The Mother of us All" (1947)- about the 19th cent. American Suffragette Susan B. Anthony.
What country is Heitor Villa-Lobos from? How did his Bachianas brasileiras combine neo-classical traits with elements of Brazilian folk and popular styles?
Brazil, also spend time in Paris during neo-classicism. Combines baroque harmony and counterpoint, long lyrical lines such asa one would find in a Bach cantata with elements of Brazilian folk styles, chamber works written for a small group.
indicative of the neo-classical outlook of the inter-war years
What was Carlos Chavez's most famous work? What did he and Aaron Copland have in common?
"Sinfonia India" (1935-36) combines Indian melodies in a modernist setting.
His piano concerto is well known, and he and Aaron Copland were good fiends. They shared ideas about expressing their countries through music (America and Mexico)
What was Silvestre Revueltas's most famous orchestral work?
"Sensemayá" (1938)- native Mexican elements, combines native elements in a moden ritualistic piece reminiscent of Stravinsky's Le Sacre. Layered ostinatos, based on Afro-Cuban rite in which a large figure representing a snake is carried by a dancer and then ritualistically put to death.
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