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Topic 5 Lesson 5 History Test
Terms in this set (37)
by not stopping citizens from settling beyond treaty lands.
how did the U.S. government violate treaties that they made with American Indian tribes?
white settlers were pushing beyond Ohio into the Indiana Territory. Angry shawnees, kidnappers, and Ottawas vowed to keep settlers from taking more American Indian land.
explain the problems that were occurring in 1803 in Ohio.
the 2 Shawnee leaders. they were brothers
identify: Tecumseh and Tenskwatawa
a village the Prophet built for his followers along Tippecanoe Creek in Indiana Territory.
Into a confederation, or alliance, with a shared military command.
how did Tecumseh try to unite the tribes in the Northwest?
in 1811, Harrison marched 1000 soldiers against Prophetstown on the Tippecanoe Creek. The Prophet was in charge. The Prophet led a surprise attack on Harrison's troops. both sides suffered heavy losses. Harrison's troops defeated the Prophets forces and destroyed Prophetstown, in the end.
explain what happened at the Battle of Tippecanoe.
fighting with American Indians hurt relations between the United States and Britain. the British were supplying guns and ammunition to the American Indians to attack US settlements. the French agreed to Macons Bill #2 and respected American neutrality, America resumed trade with France. Britain continued to attack American ships and impress sailors.
what were the causes of the War of 1812?
members of the congress from the west and south who called for war with Britain.
examples: Henry Clay and Andrew Jackson
identify: War Hawks
devotion to one's country
What is nationalism?
Westerners said that there could not be peace on the frontier until the British were pushed out of North America. Southerners wanted Florida from Spain (Britain's ally at the time)
what were the reasons why Henry Clay and the War Hawks wanted with Britain
in June of 1812, President Madison asked Congress to declare war on ____________.
since Jefferson had reduced spending on defense, the navy had only 17 ships to meet the huge British fleet. the army was small and ill equipped, and many of the officers knew little about war fare. few regular troops, so the army relied on volunteers from state militias who were poorly trained. many soldiers deserted after a few months.
explain why the US was not prepared for war in 1812.
In the beginning of the war, the British Navy ______________ American ports to stop American trade.
for nearly an hour, the 2 ships jockeyed for position. at last, the guns of the Constitution went into action. they tore holes in the sides of the Guerriere and shot off both masts. the British captains were stunned and had no choice but to surrender. the Constitution earned the nickname of Old Ironsides because the oak hull withstood the cannon fire.
explain what happened in the battle between the U.S. S. Constitution and the HMS Guerriere.
they were convinced that Canadians would welcome the chance to throw off British rule and join the United States.
why did Americans want to invade Canada?
he paraded his soldiers in red coats to make it appear that experienced British troops were helping the Canadians. he also led Americans to think that a large number of American Indians were fighting alongside the Canadians. the sore tactics worked and Hull retreated from Canada. he sent over a fake document to Hull that greatly over estimated his numbers and stated that he worried that he could not control Indians once the fighting started.
how did Isaac Brock trick the Americans to retreat from the invasion into Canada?
York, They seized British guns and supplies, and they set fire to the public buildings.
On April 27, 1813, US soldiers crossed Lake Ontario and successfully captured __________, present day Toronto. What did Americans do to the city?
American captain who led his own tiny fleet of ships against the British for Lake Erie.
identify: Oliver Hazard Perry
the British battered Perry's own ship and left it helpless. Perry rowed over to another American ship and continued to fight. finally, the Americans won the battle.
explain what happened at the Battle of Lake Erie.
finish the quote: "We have met the enemy and they are __________".
it fell apart soon after
what happened to the Indian confederation with the death of Tecumesh at the Battle of Thames?
in March of 1814, Andrew Jackson won a crushing victory at the Battle of __________________ with the help of his American Indian allies.
Britain could send more troops and ships to fight the US.
what impact did the British defeating the French have on the War of 1812?
in August of 1814, the British launched an invasion from the Chesapeake Bat. the American troops met them at the Battle of ____________--.
she was James Madison's wife, the first lady at the White House
identify: Dolley Madison
they considered it an act of revenge for the burning of York.
why did the British burn Washington DC?
the key to Baltimore's defense
identify: Fort McHenry
A young American lawyer who witnessed the Battle of Baltimore, he wrote a poem about it and soon it was put to music. It's now the national anthem of the US.
Francis Scott Key
the British were preparing to attack New Orleans. From there they planned to sail up the Mississippi. However, Andrew Jackson was waiting with his strong army. The American soldiers dug trenches to defend themselves. The British attacked and again and again British soldiers marched toward the American trenches. More than 2000 British fell under the deadly fire of American sharpshooters and especially American cannons. Only 7 Americans died. 2 assaults.
explain what happened at the Battle of New Orleans.
____________ became a national hero because of the Battle of New Orleans.
news took 2 months to cross the ocean by sailing ship
why was the Battle of New Orleans fought when peace had already been declared?
They served with distinction in the US Navy. they helped win the Battle of Lake Erie as well as other naval battles. they helped in New Orleans and militias.
explain how African Americans aided the war effort.
In December of 1814, delegates from New England met in Hartford Connecticut. Most of them were ______________________.
Some delegates to the __________________ threatened to nullify, or cancel the state of war in their states, and some even threatened to leave the Union if the war continued.
On December 24, 1814, peace was signed in the city of ________.
Britain and the US agreed to restore prewar conditions. The treaty said nothing about impressment or neutrality. These issues had faded due to the end of the wars in Europe. Other issues were settled later. In 1818, for example, the 2 nations settled a dispute over the border between Canada and the US.
what were the terms of the Treaty of Ghent?
A lot of people thought it made no sense but a Democratic Republican leader said that "The people are now more American." and "They feel and act more like a nation." So it may have resulted in more people feeling like they were part of a nation. Also Indians loose power, trades were back.
what could be considered some results of the War of 1812?
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