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Terms in this set (7)
How did the increasing employment of composers at colleges and universities after WWII affect those composers' activities? (pp. 925-26)
Composers at a university received a salary, so they could experiment how they want. No longer tied to public approval.
How would you characterize Benjamin Britten's artistic philosophy?
Communication— intentionally writing music that had a broad popular appeal— deeply influenced by humanitarian concerns (tolerance, pacifism), and saw music as a public service. Music for children.
How is Peter Grimes organized? What is the significance of this opera?
Revived English Language opera— consists of a prologue and three acts, each act divided into 2 scenes separated by an instrumental interlude (Berg influence)
What are the major themes of Peter Grimes, and how do they reflect Britten's own experience?
Character who is equal parts romantic "Outsider" and psychotic social misfit— Britten humanizes Grimes, makes him equally sympathetic and repulsive. Wants focus on the unfeeling and intolerant crowd.
Feelings of apprehension returning to war-time England as conscientious objectors. Also homosexuals in a society where homosexual acts could be severely punished. Based on his relationship with the tenor Peter Pears.
What are some other major operas by Britten. What do they all have in common?
Billy Budd (1951) - Herman Melville
Turn of the Screw (1954) - Henry James
Midsummer Night's Dream (1960) - William Shakespeare
Death in Venice (1973) - Thomas Mann
English language, all based on famous works of literature.
For what occasion was the War Requiem written? How is the work constructed?
work commissioned for the dedication of the rebuilt Coventry Cathedral, which had been destroyed during WWII
Text of requiem interspersed with poems by Wilfred Owen, war waste. Soloist, chorus and orchestra, with sections for boys choir and organ. Owen's poems set for alternating tenor and baritone soloists with chamber orchestra.
How would you characterize the music of Samuel Barber?
Remained committed to tonality, wrote several operas and vocal music. Blended traditional elements with modernist touches, fresh and totally personal.
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