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Psychology Practice Quiz

Chapters 1 & 2
STUDY
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Psychology and anthropology are classified as scientific because of their
methods
The literal meaning of the word "psychology" is the
study of the mind
Malcolm works for a major pharmaceutical company and is in charge of designing a clinical protocol to study depression. The new medication under investigation has the potential to alleviate the symptoms of depression. Malcolm needs to describe how depression as well as how the improvement of depressive symptoms will be defined in the study in order to recruit the right subjects. In other words, Malcolm needs to provide a(n)
operational definition
The most important aspect of a hypothesis is that it must be a ____________________ idea.
testable.
A subject who is exposed to the study treatment is said to be in the ________ condition.
experimental
Some people believe that money can buy happiness. Dr. Goodwin wants to determine whether paying people plays a role in their happiness. The level of money given to a subject would be considered to be the
independent variable.
Correlation does not mean
causation
The value of a correlation coefficient reflects the
the strength of the relationship between two variables.
If a study finds that there is a negative correlation between exercise and blood pressure, this would most likely indicate that
people who exercise more tend to have a lower blood pressure.
A(n) ________ psychologist would be most likely to help individuals overcome their depression.
clinical
Which type of research study would best be used to study the factors that shaped a notorious serial killer?
case study
To control for this bias in drug studies, participants are kept blinded as to whether they are receiving the active drug or placebo.
expectancy
The American Psychological Association guidelines state that research participants must
be debriefed after the study if the research involves deception.
A psychologist who studies how hormones affect a person's behavior is using the ________ perspective.
biological
Wilhelm Wundt founded the
first psychology laboratory.
Structuralists were concerned with uncovering the basic components of
the mind.
A scientist who studies the strategies involved in playing a game of chess is most likely to follow a(n) ________ approach to psychology.
cognitive
________ was an influential advocate of behaviorism.
B. F. Skinner
Which degree is a psychologist LEAST likely to have earned?
MD
A ________ psychologist would be most likely to explain nail-biting behavior as resulting from an oral fixation and an unconscious, self-destructive tendency.
psychodynamic
The genetic structure you inherited from your parents is referred to as your
genotype.
Which of the following statements expresses the correct relationship?
Genes are made of nucleotides
Schizophrenia, a severe mental disorder, is thought to involve
more than one chromosome
Which of the following is true about neurons?
The total number of neurons remains relatively constant once we reach adulthood.
________ form the the body's two communication systems.
The nervous system and the endocrine system
________ neurons carry messages to the central nervous system.
Sensory
Which of the following is NOT true about the dendrite?
It connects directly to other axons.
Schizophrenia is thought to occur when a person has overactivity within this particular neurotransmitter system.
dopamine
Disturbances of the neurotransmitter ________ can produce memory problems.
acetylcholine
Actor Christopher Reeve was paralyzed from the neck down because of accidental damage to his
spinal cord.
Your ability to play the piano is regulated by the
somatic nervous system.
The network of glands that manufacture and secrete hormones is referred to as the
endocrine system.
The ________ is a limbic region that regulates the endocrine system.
hypothalamus
The scanning device that makes highly detailed pictures from tissue responses to powerful pulses of energy is the
MRI.
Our ability to breathe is controlled by the ________ which is located within the ________.
medulla; brainstem
Darwin's theory of evolution suggests that the only measure of success for a species is
the passing of genes along to succeeding generations.
Damage to the ________ would be expected to impair your ability to name three exciting news events that occurred after this damage to your brain.
hippocampus
Which body structure was altered during the process of evolution which resulted in higher levels of cognitive functioning for humans?
cerebral
The action of grabbing your keys with your right hand is controlled by your
left motor cortex.
Vision is processed primarily in the ________ lobes.
occipital