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Chapter 2 (WK)
Terms in this set (33)
Which theory emphasizes the relationships between the whole and the parts, and describes how parts function and behave?
General systems theory
When looking at a model for evidence-based practice, what is the final step of the process?
Evaluating practice change
For which research activity is a phenomenological research method most appropriate?
Attempting to understand immigrants' experiences of being hospital clients when they do not speak the dominant language
A group of nurses is planning to investigate the effectiveness of turning immobilized stroke clients more frequently in order to prevent skin breakdown. The team has begun by formulating a PICO question. Which element will the "O" in the team's PICO question refer to?
Preventing skin breakdown
Which statement best explains the importance of theoretic frameworks?
Theoretic frameworks advance nursing knowledge and practice.
One of the primary reasons for conducting nursing research is to:
generate knowledge to guide practice.
Evidence-based care emphasizes decision making based on the best available evidence and:
use of outcome studies to guide decisions.
What is the best explanation for the way evidence-based practice (EBP) has changed the way nursing care is delivered?
Nursing care now uses EBP as a means of ensuring quality care.
Nurses in an ICU noticed that their clients required fewer interventions for pain when the ICU was quiet. They then asked a researcher to design a study about the effects of noise on the pain levels of hospitalized clients. How does this demonstrate the ultimate goal of expanding the nursing body of knowledge?
Nursing research helps improve ways to promote and maintain health.
Which activity best helps the nurse apply theory to practice?
Knowledge gained from someone with a great deal of perceived experience is which type of knowledge?
The focus of nursing is always on which of the four common concepts in nursing theory?
Which is a focus of medical research rather than nursing research?
A nurse is planning to conduct a nursing research study and is seeking federal funding. Which institution would be most helpful for the nurse to contact regarding acquiring funding?
National Institute of Nursing Research
A nurse researcher develops a foreground question in preparation for conducting a research study. The question is: "In clients with intravenous catheters, how does replacing administration sets every 72 hours (h) compared with other frequent intervals (24h, 48h, or 96h) decrease infection rates?" Applying the PICO framework, which part of the statement reflects the "O"?
Decrease infection rates
A nurse is preparing to conduct a research study and uses the PICO format to develop the foreground question which is: "In adults, does reducing salt intake, compared to no change in salt intake, lower blood pressure?" The nurse identifies the "P" as:
A nurse develops the following foreground question using the PICOT format in preparation for a research study: "In overweight clients, how do chromium supplements compared to no supplements help with weight loss?" Which part of the question reflects the intervention?
A community health nurse has been visiting a diabetic client whose morning fasting glucose levels are constantly elevated. Upon further assessment, the nurse determines that the client's spouse does not understand how to prepare meals following the prescribed diabetic diet. Using Dorothea Orem's Self-Care Theory, how can the nurse help meet the needs of this client?
Arrange an evaluation appointment with a dietitian.
A nurse is reviewing a qualitative research study. Which aspects of this type of study would the nurse need to keep in mind? Select all that apply.
- Control or manipulation is rarely used.
- Reality is not viewed as a fixed entity.
- Intuition is used for analysis.
A novice nurse is sharing a newly published research article which outlines a different approach in preventing a wound infection after surgery with a colleague and states the nurse is going to try this new method. Which is the best response from the colleague?
Wait until the method is analyzed to ensure it will be appropriate for their clients.
Which activity systematically inquires about the problems encountered in nursing practice and into the modalities of client care?
What type of research study would a hospital conduct to explore clients' and families' perceptions of receiving care?
Which theory describes, explains, predicts, and controls outcomes in nursing practice?
The second step in implementation of evidence-based practice includes systematic review. To complete a systematic review of the literature, what must the nurse do?
Summarize findings from multiple studies that are related to a particular nursing practice.
A nurse who works in a pediatric practice assesses the developmental level of children of various ages to determine their psychosocial development. These assessments are based on the work of:
A nurse researcher is examining the cause-and-effect relationship between the consumption of tap water containing minimal amounts of bleach, and the incidence of cancer in rats. The research is taking place in a laboratory setting. What type of quantitative research is being used based upon this description?
Which is true of concepts?
Concepts describe objects, properties, and events and the relationships among them.
Place the steps of evidence-based practice in the correct order.
-Design a question related to a clinical area of interest.
-Collect the most relevant and best evidence available.
-Critically evaluate the collected evidence.
-Integrate the evidence with clinical expertise, client preferences, and values as the decision is made to make a change.
-Evaluate the decision or change.
A group of objects with relationships is which?
The process of considering an idea as a whole and then dividing it into smaller, more specific ideas is which?
When a researcher begins to form plans for a research project, the researcher must decide on the method for conducting the research. The nurse researcher that plans to emphasize collection of narrative data and the analyses would select which of the following methods of research?
A nurse researcher who plans to collect and analyze data for the purpose of creating a new theory should select which type of research?
A nurse observes that the past five clients referred from a community clinic have been treated for drug and/or alcohol overdose. Based on this information, the nurse assumes that the clinic specializes in the treatment of substance use. This is an example of what type of reasoning?
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