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Terms in this set (21)
-High blood pressure
-High insulin levels
-Excess body weight
-Abnormal cholesterol levels
**Each of these disorders is by itself a risk factor for other diseases.
**In combination, however, these disorders dramatically boost the chances of developing potentially life-threatening illnesses, such as diabetes, heart disease or stroke.
Metabolic Syndrome is not a disease, but rather a cluster of disorders of your body's metabolism, including:
-Triglycerides 150 mg/dL or higher
-Cholesterol less than 40 mg/dL for men and less than 50 mg/dL for women
-Fasting glucose 110 mg/dL or higher
metabolic syndrome is a constellation of 3 or more of the following:
This syndrome is related to the epidemic of obesity in the US and is a major factor contributing to CHD risk.
-Associated with the development of hypertension and an increased risk of adverse cardiovascular outcomes
-Increased risk of atherosclerotic disease
-Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease-4 to 11 times more likely persons with metabolic syndrome
-The syndrome is closely related to a generalized metabolic disorder called insulin resistance, in which the body can't use insulin efficiently.
metabolic syndrome is associated with increased risk of which diseases?
Polycystic ovary syndrome
women with which disorder have an increased risk for metabolic syndrome?
-The deadly quartet
-Insulin Resistance Syndrome
other names for metabolic syndrome
-Age: prevalence increases with age, affecting less than 10% of people in their 20s and 40% of people in their 60s
-Race: generally more common among blacks and Mexican-Americans than among Caucasians
-Obesity: A body mass index (BMI) greater than 25 increases your risk of metabolic syndrome and abdominal obesity increase the risk of MS; Abdominal obesity refers to having an apple shape rather than a pear
-History of diabetes: Having a family history of type 2 diabetes or diabetes during pregnancy (gestational diabetes) increases risk
-Other diseases: A diagnosis of hypertension, cardiovascular disease (CVD) or polycystic ovary syndrome (a hormonal disorder in which a woman's body produces an excess of male hormones)
risk factors for metabolic syndrome
-The presence of one feature of metabolic syndrome, such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol or an apple-shaped body, increases the risk
-An individual may already have the condition and not know it.
-It is important to talk with your doctor about testing for other components of the syndrome and developing a plan to avoid serious diseases.
when is it time to seek medical advice for metabolic syndrome?
-Healthy lifestyle changes can prevent the onset of the syndrome.
-Commit to a healthy diet: A healthy diet includes plenty of fruits and vegetables, choosing lean cuts of white meat and fish over red meat, avoiding processed or deep-fried dinners, and eliminating table salt by experimenting with other herbs and spices.
-Get moving: It is important to stay active; Get at least 30 minutes of moderately strenuous activity on most days of the week is recommended.
-Schedule regular check-ups: This includes assessing blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar levels annually; Early detection of problems can help with formulating lifestyle modifications.
prevention of metabolic syndrome
According to the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP), the presence of three or more of the following traits indicates metabolic syndrome:
-Waist Circumference: Greater than 35 inches in women and 40 inches in men (abdominal obesity)
-Triglyceride Levels: 150 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dl) or higher
-Blood Pressure: 130/85 millimeters of mercury or higher
-Fasting blood glucose: Level of 110 mg/dl or higher
-High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL): Lower than 50 mg/dl in women and 40 mg/dl for men
explain the diagnosis of metabolic syndrome
The underlying insulin resistant state is the primary target of therapy.
what is the primary target of therapy for metabolic syndrome?
-Type 2 diabetes
The primary goal of treatment of metabolic syndrome is to prevent:
diet & exercise
To reduce insulin resistance in overweight and obese individuals, the preferred method for metabolic syndrome is an aggressive regimen of self-care strategies focusing on what?
It is common for your doctor to routinely monitor the following to ensure that lifestyle modifications are working:
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