21 terms

Decline of Rome, Han, Gupta

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Han Signs of Decline
Imperial overreach- couldn't control all lands conquered
Han Signs of Decline
Corruption and power struggles at court - eunuchs, emperors' wives and concubines, and scholar aristocrats vied for power
Han Signs of Decline
Large landlords and local warriors gained power as dynasty lost power
Han Signs of Decline
Peasants oppressed by higher land imbalance. Lack of rents and more taxes
Han Consequences of Decline
Secret societies (Yellow Turbans-Taoists) revolted
Han Consequences of Decline
Regional lords and military commanders fought for power as dynasty declined
Han Consequences of Decline
Invasions by foreigners
Han Consequences of Decline
China fragmented and was ruled by local landlords for 350 years
Han Consequences of Decline
Disarray, chaos, and uncertainty caused people to seek solace in Buddhism
Gupta Signs of Decline
Weak central control of empire as local rajas revolted and fought among themselves
Gupta Signs of Decline
Hun invasion and inability to defend themselves
Gupta Signs of Decline
Huns, strong and vigorous people, established kingdoms
Gupta Consequences of Decline
Hun invasions led to more invasions by Muslins in 700's AD
Gupta Consequences of Decline
Muslim traders took control of Indian Ocean trade and reduced India's commercial strength
Gupta Consequences of Decline
Revival of Hinduism with new gods and goddesses, rituals, and emphasis on caste. People sought comfort in renewing spiritual traditions
Roman Signs of Decline
Imperial overreach: Legions overextended, Rulers morally corrupt, self-indulgent, not interested in common good
Roman Signs of Decline
Cultural life decayed Lower classes un-employed. Lived off bread and circuses, no stake in system
Roman Signs of Decline
Foreign trade imbalance.
Roman Signs of Decline
Lack of economic productivity
Roman Consequences of Decline
Foreign invasions by vigorous people by vigorous people completely
Roman Consequences of Decline
Turmoil and and disarray caused people to seek solace in Christianity and Islam