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History- Magna Carta
Terms in this set (26)
What does the following phrase mean, "the nations of Europe between whom rivers of blood have flowed"? - Winston Churchill
This phrase is referring to the countries in Europe who had many people die in battles of war over thousands of years. The European countries were not all on the same side in all wars which resulted into more deaths
What part of Winston's quote helps the reader determine the meaning of the phrase "the nations of Europe between whom rivers of blood have flowed"?
There are a few parts in Winston's speech that helps the reader find the meaning of 1. The quote stated "forget the feuds of a thousand years" and "hatreds of the past". This lets you know that the quote is talking about war and the date at the bottom 1948 indicates that this was said during World War II.
What does the word reign mean?
Reign is the time period when someone had control and was ruling.
What did King Richard the Lionheart do during his reign and how did he finance it?
During his reign, Richard the Lionheart was outside of Europe fighting wars in the Middle East and France. In order to pay for this he heavily taxed the English.
Who succeeded King Richard?
His brother John
Why do you think it was the nobility that were expected to pay taxes?
I believe that the nobility were expected to pay taxes because they probably had the most money. The nobility would be the only people who could afford to pay the high taxes.
What happened because King John exploited the wealth of the Barons?
As a result of King John exploiting the wealth of the Barons, they became very unhappy. The Barons rebelled and took over london, and they forced King John to negotiate.
Why was the signing of the Magna Carta a significant event in European history?
The signing of the Magna Carta established that the power of the king could be limited if he was not doing things that were good for the country. Also, The Magna Carta guaranteed the rights of the individuals and it created trial by jury. These rules changed a lot in the society by giving the people rights and not allowing the monarch to have full control.
What rights outlined in the Magna Carta do individuals have in the United States?
People in the United States have rights very similar to the ones outlined the Magna Carta. In the US we have a trial by jury where people are tried by their peers and guaranteed the civil rights of the individuals like the Magna Carta states. Also, the Magna Carta limits the power of the king. In the US the president doesn't have full control either.
In the year 1215 how did they spread the word that the Magna Carta had been signed?
In 1215 they were able to spread the word that the Magna Carta was signed by creating many copies of the document. The copies were then sent across England so everyone would know about the Magna Carta. Only four have survived until now.
How has the Magna Carta affected governments around the world?
The Magna Carta has majorly affected governments around the world in many ways. For example, the Magna Carta was the basis for constitutions around the earth including the United States. It influenced how some countries would run their government.
Explain the different reasons why the Barons were angry with King John.
There are many reasons why the Barons were angry with King John. One of them is that King John tried to take away some of the nobility's previous rights. The Barons, who were in the nobility class, had the right to to control parts of land and the people who lived there. They were used to having some control. However, when King John came into power he took away some of their rights and as a result there was frustration with the king and a rebellion. The Barons had to serve in King John's army, had to pay heavy taxes, thought that King John murdered his nephew and Barons who owned land in France had to give it up.
Which two promises in the Magna Carta would most please the Barons?
There are two promises in the Magna Carta that would most likely please the Barons. First, the promise that the king will ask for the advice of the lords and council before he makes people pay taxes. Secondly, barons will be fined only if the other barons say they are guilty. Both of these rules favor the Barons and allow them to have somewhat of a say.
Which promise in the Magna Carta refers to 'judgement of his peers" or trial by jury?
The second promise refers to trial by jury: No free man may be arrested or put in prison unless other free men decide that he is guilty, and unless he has a proper
The Magna Carta gave only rights to "free" people. Who was not free in Medieval England?
The serfs or peasants were not free in medieval England.
Why do you think King John agreed to sign the Magna Carta?
I believe King John agreed to sign the Magna Carta because it almost guaranteed that he would stay in power. Most of the people were pleased with the Magna Carta because the king didn't get full power and that they had guaranteed rights. This would prevent the people from constantly being upset with his amount of power and control. The Magna Carta was similar to the Feudalism system that the people liked, in the way that they had some rights. Also, King John most likely signed the Magna Carta because although he didn't have the right to tell people to pay taxes on his own, he was still able to imply the taxes after consulting with a group. The people would like this better because they would have a partial say (not literally but their ideas) which was represented by parliament, who would discuss ideas with the king. As a result King John wouldn't get overthrown.
how the Magna Carta changed the Power of the Monarch of England.
decreased the power:
couldn't be found guilty without trial
limited right to tax barons
king can't make decisions on his own, first had to consult with parliament
king has to follow the laws of the land
monarch can't do what he wants, has to have consent from others
Why did the Magna Carta influence many of the founding documents of the American government?
The Magna Carta influenced many founding documents of the American government. The Magna Carta was created to give people many rights and to limit the king's power. The Barons and others in England were frustrated with the high taxes that had to be paid and that there were many unsuccessful wars. As a result a the Magna Carta was created to help fix these problems. This situation was similar to what the Americans many years later. They wanted to limit the power and break away from their king (King George III) because they felt he had too much authority. When the Americans became independent they were influenced by the Magna Carta and didn't want to establish a monarchy because they had known about England's previous government that did not work out well.
No scutage nor aid... shall be imposed on our kingdom, unless by common counsel of our kingdom.."
means: No money paid to the lord in lieu of military service (taxes) should be put in place on the kingdom unless parliament of our kingdom agrees.
Article 1, Section 8: "the congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises, to pay the debts and provide for the common defense and general welfare of the United States..."
"...no official shall place a man on trial upon his own unsupported statement, without producing credible witnesses to the truth of it".
Nobody can be put on trial without having someone who has seen or been in the event there.
" In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right ... to be confronted with the witnesses against him..."
"No constable or other bailiff ... shall take corn or other provisions from anyone without immediately tendering money..."
You can't take something from someone without paying them or getting permission.
" ...nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation"
"No freemen shall be taken or inprisoned... or exiled or in any way destroyed... except by the lawful judgment of his peers or by the law of the land'.
Nobody who is free can be put in jail without a trial by jury.
" The trial of all crimes,except in cases impeachment shall be by jury."
He served as the prime minister from 1940 to 1945 and a second time too, of the United Kingdom (during ww2)
What is the Magna Carta
Magna Carta was an agreement set up that limits the king from having full power and using in a way that will hurt the people/community It was the first document that limited the monarchs power. It was signed by King John of England. The Magna Carta inspired many other documents such as the constitution.
"judgement by peers"
In the Magna Carta, the phrase "judgement by peers" refers to a trial by jury. The jury or normal people would decide your fate in court.
What rights do people in the us have that are similar to the Magna Carta
People in the United States have some rights that were listed in the Magna Carta. U.S. citizens have the right to a jury trial and we have the right that government can't interfere with religion. Also, we have the right to assemble/ petition like in the Magna Carta. The American citizens' taxes have to be agreed on by the president and the representatives similar to the barons in England, we have a right to have some say in the taxes.
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