How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

24 terms

Oedipus Terms/Greek Theater

STUDY
PLAY
Anti-Hero
a central character in a narrative or dramatic work (the protagonist) who lacks the qualities of nobility and courage expected of traditional heroes, an ineffectual failure (NOT to be confused with the antagonist or villain)
Catharsis
confession, release
Tragic Hero
A man better than ourselves but not perfect
Flaw - tragic flaw or hamartia
Must face destiny with courage + nobility of spirit Tragedy stresses vulnerability
Genre not totally pessimistic
Hamartia
tragic flaw
Hubris
excessive pride or arrogance
Dionysus
Greek god, son of Zeus (also called Bacchus)
Wild and ecstatic religious rites
Later - god of wine, lose inhibitions, creativity
Thespis ( ~ thespian)
said to have introduced an actor in 6 century BC
Aeschylus (525-456 BC)
added actors first increased the number of the actors from 1to 2 and reduced the role of the chorus, giving first place to the dialogue
Sophocles (496-406 BC)
added a 3rd actor fixed the chorus at 15
Theatron - {to view as a spectator}
Area in which the audience sat. Shaped like a horseshoe (first row was thrones, where the VIPS sat)
Orchestra
Great circular ground level place where chorus dances At the center was Thymele, an altar to Dionysus
Paradoi
entrances on either side {two ramps on the sides of the stage}
Skene
scene building - had three doors (dressing room, background - could be temple, palace, etc.)
Proscenium
one step higher, level of skene, where most of the action took place
Prologue {"fore speech"}
preliminary statement that introduces subject matter an introductory speech that draws attention to the theme and gives background to the story (read before the first scene)
Parodos
entrance song of the chorus chanting lyric which has direct bearing on the theme of the play
Episode
act or scene, part where plot is developed (usually 4-5)
Ode
it was blank on the guide....
Strophe
E -> W, chorus
Antistrophe
W -> E
Exodos
the final action after the last stasimon, epilogue or final scene
Tragedy
Tragic hero" suffers from some serious misfortune which is not accidental and therefore meaningless, but is significant - misfortune is logically related to the hero's actions. Often deals with serious circumstances and ending in unhappy catastrophePurpose: arouse emotion - catharsis
Drama
Greek word for "Action," religious, entertainment
Choragos
main/leader of chorus, specific member