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Vocabulary Power Plus, New SAT Book 1: Lessons 1-21

For studying Book one lessons one through twenty-one
STUDY
PLAY
licentious
morally unrestrained
numismatist
a coin collector
paucity
a scarcity, lack
fatalistic
believing that all events in life are inevitable and determined by fate
obtrude
to force onself into a situation
pensive
dreamily thoughtful
lackadaisical
uninterested, listless
alienate
to turn away feelings or affections
elated
in high spirits; exltantly proud ad joyful
epigram
a witty saying expressing a single thought or observations
amalgamate
to combine
demented
mentally ill; insane
hone
to sharpen
beleaguer
to besiege by encircling (as with an army); to harass
gorge
to eat or swallow greedily
antiquated
no longer used or useful; very old
opiate
a narcotic used to caused sleep or bring relief from pain
caricature
an exaggerated portrayal of one's features
dally
to waste time; to dawdle
felonious
pertainimg tp pr constituting a major crime
edifice
a large, elaborate structure; an imposign building
ambidextrous
equally skillful with either hand
belated
delayed
animate
to give life or motion to
knead
to work dough or clay into a uniform mixture
chauvinist
one having a fanatical devotion to a country, gender, or religion, with concepts for other contries, the opposite sex, or other beliefs
egalitarian
promoting equal rights for all people
berserk
in a state of violent or destructive rage
ostentatious
marked by a conspicuous, showy, or pretentious display
delude
to mislead; to fool
elude
to escape notice; to get away from
fallow
inactive; unproductive
blight
anything that destroys, prevents growth. or causes devaluation
obsequy
a funeral rite or ceremony
denizen
an occupant; inhabitant
fealty
obligated loyalty or faithfulness
entice
to attract by offering reward or pleasure
gratify
to please
laggard
a slow person, especially one who falls behind
gambit
maneuver or action used to gain an advantage
jaded
worn out; dulled, as from overndulgence
gist
the main point
advocate
to recommend; to speak in favor of
efface
to obliterate; to wipe out
charisma
personal appeal or attraction; magnetism
ogre
a brute; a large monster; a frightful giant
mesmerize
to hynotize
entity
anything having existence, either physical or mystical
bandy
to exchange words; to discuss casually
dastardly
cowardly and treacherous
nepotism
favoritism shown to family or friends by those in power, especially in business ro hiring practices
begrudge
to resent another's success; to envy
mandarin
an influential person; a member of an elite group
glutinous
gluey; sticky
enmity
deep-seated hostility, often mutual
declaim
to speak in a dramatic, pompous, or blustering manner
imbue
to inspire or influence; to saturate
gaff
a pole with a large hook on one end
quaff
to drink in large quantities; to gulp
bibliophile
a lover of books
gird
to prepare for an event or an action
daunt
to make afraid; to discourage
flux
a state of continual change or movement
hovel
a dirty, wretched living place
cadaverous
of or like a corpse; pale, gaunt, thin
gothic
of the middle ages; of or relating to a mysterious. grotesque and desolate style of fiction
penury
extreme poverty
egress
an exit; a means of going out
felicity
happiness; bliss
despot
a dictator with absolute power
beget
to produce; to make happen
educe
to draw or bring out
glean
to collect bit by bit; to gather with patient labor
chafe
to wear or irritate, often through rubbing or friction
effrontery
shameless boldness
imbide
to drink ( especially)
feign
to pretend
desist
to stop; discontinue
allude
to hint at, to refer to indirectly
elite
the choice members or best of a group
bilk
to cheat or swindle; to thwart
homily
a sermon
demise
death; a ceasing to exist
emit
to send out; to give forth, as in sound or light
decadence
moral deterioration
aghast
feeling great dismay or horror
granary
a storehouse for grain
choleric
easily angered
impede
to hinder, obstruct
qualm
a feeling of uneasiness
lampoon
a written satire used to ridicule or attack someone
narcissistic
conceited; having excessive self-love or admiration
eradicate
to wipe out; to destroy
fabricate
to concoct; to make up a story in order to deceive
ghastly
horrible; frightful
fallible
capable of error
blatant
obvious; too conspicuous
dawdle
to waste time
affiliate
an associate, partner
fawn
to act slavishly submissive
calumny
a false and malicious accusation
berate
to scold or rebuke severely and at lenghth
minion
a fawning, servile follower
desolate
lonely; forlon; uninhabited; barren
bane
the cause of ruin. harm, distress, or death
pacify
to calm down
garble
to mixup or distort
prevaricate
to lie
filch
to steal
neophyte
a beginner
flagrant
glaringly bad; outrageous
patrician
an aristocrat (a.commoner)
emissary
one sent on a special mission to represent others
kindred
having similar origin, nature, or character (a. disparate)
fracas
a loud quarrel or fight
lacerate
to tear (flesh) jaggedly (a. suture)
futile
useless; pointless (a. effective; useful)
immaculate
spotless; perfect (a. dirty; soiled; spotted)
gait
manner of walking
carp
to complain or to find fault in a petty or nagging way (a. praised; laud)
query
to ask; inquire
queue
a line of people or vehicles
nefarious
very wicked; notorious (reputable; honest)
genesis
beginnig; origin (conclusion; finish)
facade
a deceptive outward appearance; a misrepresentation
fracas
a loud quarrel or fight
futile
useless; pointless
gait
manner of walkng
genesis
beginning; origin
immaculate
spotless; perfect
kindred
haveing simular origin, nature, or character
lacerate
to tear (flesh) jaggedly
nefarious
very wicked; notorious
patrician
an aristocrat
query
to ask; inquire
queue
a line of people or vehicles
deluge
a flood; an owerwhelming rush
catholic
universal; wide-ranging
eerie
weird; mysterious; strange and frightening
martial
warlike; relateing to the military
antropomorphic
attributing hman characteristics or qualities to objects, amimals, or gods
beneficiary
one who recives benefits
careen
to serve or lurh from side to side while in motion
aplomb
self-confidence
guile
slyness and cunning in dealing with others
modicum
a small amount
fester
to grow embittered overtime; to rot
languish
to become weak or feable; to loss strenght
pall
something that covers or conceals
havoc
great destruction; chaos
rancid
having a bad taste or smell; spoiled
holocaust
a great or complete destruction of life
embroil
to draw into conflict or fight
anachronism
somthing or someone existing outside of its proper time
denigrate
to attack the reputation of; to speak ill of
humane
kind; compassionate
effusive
emotionally excessive; overly demostrative
defunct
no longer in existence
lackey
a slavish follower
envisage
to form a mental picture
lament
to mourn
gape
to stare with an open mouth
impertinent
rude and disrespectful
haughty
arrogant; proud
nemesis
someone or something a person cannot conquer or achieve; a hated enemy
lethal
deadly; fatal
catalyst
n. a person, thing, or agent that causes or speeds up a reaction or change without itself being changed
jargon
n. vocabulary distinctive to a particular group of people
judicious
adj. showing sound judgment
foible
n. a minor weakness in character
benediction
n. the act of blessing
frivolous
adj. trivial; silly
alacrity
n. liveliness; willingness; eagerness
deify
v. to make a god of; to look upon or worship as a god
carnage
n. bloody and extensive slaughter
impel
v. push into motion
epitaph
v. an inscription on a tombstone; a brief comment about a deceased person
harp
v. to persist in talking continuously (on or about something)
lateral
adj. of or relating to the side
pallid
adj. pale; faint in color
impetuous
adj. acting suddenly without thought
adjunct
connected or attached to in a dependent, subordinate, or auxilary manner, but not a part of
macabre
horrible, grim
farcical
absurd, ridiculously clumsy
debonair
carefree and self confident in manner, elegant and gracious
penchant
a strong liking
deplete
to use up gradually
chicanery
the use of tricks or clever talk to decieve or evade
feisty
aggressive, lively, energetic
mitigate
to make less severm to become milder
gull
to cheat, to fool or hoax
nadir
lowest point
equivocal
ambiguous, intentionally vague
genealogy
family history
impervious
incapable of being affected
filial
of relating to , or befitting a son or daughter
daub
to paint coarsely or unskillfully
admonish
to warn, to caution in council
obeisance
a bow or similar gesture expressing deep respect
cache
a concealed store of goods or valuables
affliction
anything causing great suffering
mendicant
a begger
aphorism
a concise statement of a truth or principle
oscillate
to swing or move back and forth like a pendulum
delete
to take out, to remove
oust
to drive out, expel, deprive
impermeable
not permitting passage (especially of fluids)
lax
careless or negligant
palpable
obvious, capable of being touched or felt
paean
a fervent expression, or song of joy or praise
imperturbable
not easily excited, even under pressure
pariah
a social outcast
fluent
able to express oneself easily and clearly
cavort
to leap about in a sprightly manner, to romp
pedagogue
a school teacher
melee
a noisy, confused fight
ensue
to follow as a result
desecrate
to damage a holy place, to treat with irreverence
personification
a person or thing that represents an idea
bias
a prejudiced view, either for or against, a preference
aloof
reserved, distant
gyrate
to rotate or revolve quicklym to spiral
fiat
an official order
fidelity
faithfullness
rambunctious
unruly, uncontrollable
hilarity
gaiety, joviality
genocide
the deliberate destruction of a group of people
zaftig
having a full, shapely figure
predilection
a preference toward someone or something
faux
artificial, false, not genuine
foray
a surprise attack
conjecture
a judgement or opinion based on little or questionable evidence
allocate
to distribute, allot, designate
gratis
free, without charge
materialistic
wanting material possessions
belabor
`to work at something beyond practicality, to overstress
progeny
offspring, children
quintessential
the most typical, ideal
rudimentary
basic, not refined or well-developed
monolithic
massive, uniform, and solid
manifesto
a public declaration of policies or intentions
tantamount
of essentially equal value or significance
subversive
in opposition to authority or government
conducive
tending to cause or bring about
amenable
aggreable, responsive to suggestion or advice
stricture
a restraint or limit
sedentry
characterized by or requiring sitting, motionless
influx
an inward flow
rigorous
severe, relentless, harsh
patina
a sheen on a surface resuling from age and use
placebo
a fake drug used in the testing of medication
junta
a militay group ruling a country after seizing power
pinnacle
a peak or climax
mollify
to reduce, soothe, or calm
perjury
the act of lying under oath
plaintive
expressing sorrow, mournful
impasse
a problem or predicament with no obvious solution
wunderkind
one who excels in a difficult field at an early age
acumen
ability to discern or discriminate, shrewdness
nanotechnology
the use of single atoms and molecules to construct microscopic devices
notarize
to certify legally
piquant
a strong, simulating taste
malodorous
having an offensive odor
pungent
a sharp tast, acid
erroneous
incorrect, mistaken
concurrent
happening at the same time
negligible
of little importance, insignificant
renege
to break a promise or obligation, revoke
precept
a rule of action, a principle to live by
visage
a face or facial expression
irrevocable
impossible to retract or revoke, irreversible
confute
to argue or point out error
meritorious
deserving of an award or honor
mezzanine
the lowest balcony in a theatrem a partial story between main stories in a building
tribulation
an afflcition, trouble, or difficult experience
recumbent
resting or lying down
dynasty
a sucession of rulers from the same family or group
purport
to claim, to have or to give the false impression of being
forte
an area of expertise or strength
kleptomania
a continual urge to steal regardless of economic motive
renown
state of being well known and honored, fame
ineffable
too sacred or great to be described, indescribable
fortitude
strength in adversity
botch
to ruin through clumsiness, to bungle
perennial
lasting indefinately
brinkmanship
pushing dangerous situations to the edge of disaster rather than conceding