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Principles of Management Chapters 5&6
Terms in this set (36)
A home-replication strategy is the most difficult international strategy. (T or F)
A high degree of _______ would cause employees to avoid disagreements with their bosses.
Which of the following categories of organizations has the highest level of international involvement?
__________ are members of an organization who live and work in a country where they do not have citizenship.
__________ is the component of creativity that refers to an individual's need or passion to be creative.
Which of the following is essential in order for a new idea to be considered creative as opposed to just being thought of as a new perspective?
The idea must useful and actionable
Creative thinking under extreme time pressure is unlikely when people feel as if they are on
According to the time-pressure/ creative matrix, employees who receive little encouragement from senior management to be creative and engage in less collaborative work overall are likely to feel as if they are on
___________ organizations essentially operate within a single country
Levels of international involvement (in order)
Level 1- Domestic organizations
Level 2- International organizations
Level 3- Multinational organizations
Level 4- Transnational organizations
Four international business strategies
- Home replication
- Multi domestic
Organization member living n a country where they do not have citizenship.
Organization member who is a citizen of the country where the foreign-based organization is located.
Third -Country Nationals
Organization member who is a citizen of one country and works for an organization headquartered in another country
Expatriates and Third-Country Nationals need to adjust to a new culture
Adjusting to a New Culture
Food, weather, language, attitudinal, and perceptual differences
Bringing expatriates back home
International Marketing Agreements
An arrangement among a cluster of countries that facilitates a high level of trade
The belief that MNCs should regard home-country management practices are always superior
The belief that foreign country management practices are best in that country
The belief that the best practices, regardless of origin of location, should be used.
The set of characteristics of a given group of people in their environment
Dimensions of culture
-Religious belief and practice
-Sense of space
-Sense of self
-Rites and ceremonies
The degree to which less powerful members of society accept that influence is unequally divided
The extent to which members of a culture feel threatened by risky or unknown situations.
a combination of the degree to which society expects to take care of themselves and their immediate family and the degree to which people believe they are masters of their own destinies.
Gender Role Orientation
refers to the extent to which a society reinforces traditional norms of masculinity verses femininity
reflects the extent to which a culture stresses that its members accept delayed gratification of material, social, and emotional needs
-respecting core human rights
-respecting local traditions
-determining right from wrong situationally
The ability to generate original ideas or new perspectives on existing ideas
Work-related techniques and procedures
Creative thinking skills
flexibility and imagination in approaching problems
Individuals need or passion to be creative
Creativity consists of what three components put together
-Creative thinking skills
The process of applying a new idea to improvement of organizational processes, products, or services
The Innovation process
step 1- Inventing
step 2- Developing
Step 3- Diffusing
Step 4- Integrating
Step 5- Monitoring
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